Update 2000

  Virus Profiles

  Pathogen Cards
    St. Louis Encephalitis

  Drug Profile
    AZdU (CS-87)


  Web Links

  Elizabeth Salas &
  Melissa Valadez
  Humans and Viruses
  Human Biology 115A
  Winter, 2000
  Robert Siegel,

  Date completed: 3/6/00

Chu CK, et al. "Brain targeting of anti-HIV nucleosides: synthesis and in vitro and in vivo studies of dihydropyridine derivatives of 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxyuridine and 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine." Journal of Medical Chemistry. 1990 Aug;33(8):2188-92.

Collier, L., A. Balows, and M. Sussman. Microbiology and Microbial Infections: Vol. 1 Virology. London: Arnold; 1998.

Dastjerdi AM, Green J, Gallimore CI, Brown DW, Bridger JC. "The bovine Newbury agent-2 is genetically more closely related to human SRSVs than to animal caliciviruses." The Royal Veterinary College, University of London, London, NW1 0TU, United Kingdom Virology 1999 Feb 1; 254(1):1-5

Gibbs, MJ; Weiller, GF. "Evidence that a plant virus switched hosts to infect a vertebrate and then recombined with a vertebrate-infecting virus." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 1999 Jul 6, 96(14):8022-7.

Jiang X, et al. "Characterization of a novel human calicivirus that may be a naturally occurring recombinant." Archives of Virology. 1999;144(12):2377-87.

Manouilov, KK; White, CA; Boudinot, FD; Fedorov, II; Chu, CK. "Lymphatic distribution of 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine and 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxyuridine in mice." Drug Metabolism and Disposition, 1995 Jun, 23(6):655-8.

Meng, Xiang-Jin, Serge Dea, Ronale E. Engle, Robert Friendship, Young S. Lyoo, Theerapol Sirinarumtir, Kitch Urairong, Dong Wang, Doris Wong, Dongwan Yoo, Yanjin Zhang, Robert H. Purcell, and Suzanne U. Emerson. "Prevalence of Antibodies to the Hepatitis E Virus in Pigs From Countries Where Hepatitis E Is Common or Is Rate in the Human Population" Journal of Medical Virology 59: 297-302 (1999)

Nagesha, HS, LF Wang and AD Hyatt. "Virus-Like Particles of Calicivirus as Epitope Carriers." Archives of Virology (1999) 144: 2429-2439

Noel JS, et al. "Identification of a distinct common strain of "Norwalk-like viruses" having a global distribution." Journal of Infectious Disease. 1999 Jun;179(6):1334-44.

"Norwalk-Like Viral Gastroenteritis in U.S. Army Trainees -- Texas, 1998" CDC Webpage MMWR Weekly. March 26, 1999 / 48(11); 225-227

Seah EL, et al. "Open reading frame 1 of the Norwalk-like virus Camberwell: completion of sequence and expression in mammalian cells." Journal of Virology. 1999 Dec;73(12):10531-5.

Schwab, KJ; Neill, FH; Fankhauser, RL; Daniels, NA; Monroe, SS; Bergmire-Sweat, DA; Estes, MK; Atmar, RL. "Development of methods to detect "Norwalk-like viruses" (NLVs) and hepatitis A virus in delicatessen foods: application to a food-borne NLV outbreak." Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2000 Jan, 66(1):213-8. (UI: 20087540)

Wim H.M. van der Poel, Jan Vinjé, Reina van der Heide, Maria-Inmaculada Herrera, Amparo Vivo, and Marion P.G. Koopmans. "Norwalk-Like Calicivirus Genes in Farm Animals." CDC Webpage Emerging Infectious Diseases Vol. 6, No. 1 Jan-Feb 2000

Zhu Z, et al. "Cellular metabolism of 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxyuridine with formation of 5'-O-diphosphohexose derivatives by previously unrecognized metabolic pathways for 2'-deoxyuridine analogs." Molecular Pharmacology. 1990 Dec;38(6):929-38.