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LEON'S PATHOGEN CARDS
Beware! I am the CJD
prion! HEAR ME ROAR!!! As a self-replicating protein, I cause a rare and
incurable disease, a type of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy
characterized by rapidly progressive dementia, paralysis, loss of motor
control, and eventual death.
destructive power leads to irreversible brain damage. Some believe I am
caused by an abnormal CJD prion that targets human brain tissue to produce
brains lesions. I may be
inherited, but I am usually converted spontaneously from a normal prion
found in all people to my current form as a disease-causing agent.
I may infect unsuspecting humans through medical procedures
involving neural tissues or extracts from CJD patients.
The few victims that I infect (<1 case/per million per year)
eventually develop deadly spongiform encephalopathy.
act slowly. My incubation ranges from fifteen months to several decades.
But donít underestimate the strength of my offenseóI compensate
my lack of speed with overwhelming attack power.
Defense: No test exists to determine whether infection (by me!) has taken place. Diagnosis can only be made based upon clinical signs, characteristic electroencephalogram patterns, and other signs. No treatment exists for me. Want a hint on how to protect yourself? Avoid medical procedures involving other peopleís neural tissue. Thereís not much else you can do.
down to me because I am one of the most contagious viruses known to man!
As a member of the Paramyxoviridae family, I am known to cause a rash in
my victims, and I am capable of causing severe complications like
pneumonia and encephalitis, which have been responsible for millions of
preventable deaths each year.
power: I strike effectively.
How contagious am I? Approximately 90% of susceptible close
contacts of an infected individual will become infected by me.
I reside in the mucus of the nose and throat, where I induce a
fever during the first 2-4 days of the infection and a rash 14 days after
exposure. This rash spreads
gradually from the face downward and outward over the next three days,
reaching the hands and feet. I also cause a bunch of nasty complications experienced by
twenty percent of my victims. Which
ones? Iíll tell
youÖpneumonia, encephalitis, seizures, and even death. In fact, almost
one out of four people in developing countries die as a result of me, that
translates to about one million children in the world each year, primarily
due to a number of factors like malnutrition and vitamin A deficiency.
I can replicate in the immune system such as the lymph nodes, and
in the nervous system to cause neuronal symptoms.
fast. My incubation period is only ten to twelve days, and the disease
that I cause usually lasts about two weeks.
Protect yourself with the Scwarz vaccine, a
live attenuated vaccine that ensures lifelong immunity.
But donít worry. Chances are, youíve already been inoculated.
Children around the age of fifteen months have been vaccinated for decades
now. How about those in developing countries? The best way to defend
against me would be to consume sufficient vitamin B.
name is Cercopithecine herpesvirus, but you can call me B virus.
I am an infectious agent commonly found among macaque monkeys, but
I usually cause mild or no symptoms in those infected monkeys. However, in
the extremely rare instances when I infect humans, I can cause fatal
encephalomyelitis. Iím your worst nightmare.
power: I am transmitted to humans from exposure to contaminated monkey
tissues and secretions through bites, scratches, and splashes. The disease
that I cause begins with influenza-like symptoms before neurologic signs
develop. Almost all of my
victims develop encephalitis, and approximately eighty percent of my
untreated victims eventually die of complications associated with
respiratory failure associated with ascending paralysis.
Iím fast. My incubation is only a few days
to a week. I cause Human
B-virus disease within a month of exposure.
Defense: My potential victims are those who are exposed to monkeys or monkey tissues. These individuals should exercise caution by following protocols regarding proper handling. A wound or exposure area should be cleansed immediately with sterile saline or running water for fifteen minutes. I can also be detected using a direct culture, which has become the standard method to diagnosis B virus infections. But if I infect you, consider yourself toast.
BETHANY'S PATHOGEN CARDS