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NICARAGUA: The Sandinista Front



I was confused by the LANS article on the Sandinista Front in Nicaragua. Tim Brown offers a clarification:

"A couple of points on the LANS article. The "titular deity", as LANS calls him, of the Sandinista Front was Augusto Cesar Sandino, not Calderon, and Carlos Fonseca Amador was not the true founder of the FSLN. Its true founder as a movement was Noel Guerrero Santiago, also a Nicaraguan Marxist - but who claims to have been radicalized in Mexico in the 1930s - and who is also of Leon where he knew Fonseca well. Guerrero is still alive and living in Mexico, where I just met with him. As to Carlos Fonseca, he was the son of Fausto Amador, and, as LANS says [Fausto was the administrator of dictator Tacho Somoza's agricultural properties] born of a mother from Matagalpa. My recent book "When the AK-47s Fall Silent" includes a previously unpublished photo of Fonseca with his mother in Matagalpa when Carlos was about 22 years old. As was Castro, despite his parentage Carlos Fonseca was raised as a good bourgeois. And, even though he alone of several children becae a Marxist revolutionary, he was still sufficiently acceptable within Leon society to be able to marry in Mexico City in March of 1965 a daughter of a Leon oligarch, Maria Haydee Teran Navas. I spent some time with her about six months ago in her family home in Leon and confirmed the authenticity of the photo and of copies of their pre-marital blood tests [also in the book]. In Andrews' "The Sword and the Shield - The Mitrokin Archives and the Secret History of the KGB" Fonseca is identified as a "trusted KGB agent" code named Hirodology, which some of his closest friends of the time do not deny. Carlos and Maria Haydee's son Carlos is now an FSLN congressman."

My footnote: Once when I was visiting the University of Leon, I asked the rector to show me the Patio where Somoza had been shot dead by a student. the rector was very hesitant because it had been closed since the assassination. I was the first person to whom it was shown. It was covered with cobwebs, and the silent place seemed haunted. Perhaps Tim can identify the student; I've forgotten.

Ronald Hilton - 11/27/00


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