Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968.
Full name: Upton Beall Sinclair, Jr..
American author born in Baltimore, Maryland. Noted for numerous works of
fiction and nonfiction espousing progressive causes, his socialism, and an
unsuccessful bid for Governor of California in 1934. Winner of the Pulitzer Prize
for Fiction in 1943 for Dragon's Teeth (1942), a novel covering the Nazi
takeover of Germany.
The Jungle. 1906.
Muckraking novel exposing harsh practices in the Chicago meatpacking industry
in the early 20th century. Lithuanian immigrant Jurgis Rudkus hopes to find freedom
and prosperity in America, but instead finds himself trapped in a downward spiral
of wage slavery leaving him unable to support his family. Fired after a work injury
and imprisoned after attacking his wife's boss for raping her, he loses her and
their children to death and lapses into despair until a Socialist lecture
instills him with renewed hope and purpose. The book is credited with sparking
the public outcry that led to passage of the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure
Food and Drug Act of 1906. Adapted to silent film in 1914.
Dec. 9, 2013,
and last updated
Dec. 9, 2013.
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Additional material © 1999-2013 by Brian Kunde.