Updated January 21, 1999

People in the San Francisco Bay Areacaught KRON Channel 4 with Tom SinkovitzThursday Feb. 6, 1997 for a sound bite about his story on sleep. Then February 7th, there was an interview with Dr.Dale Edgar and Dr.William Dement about sleep.

To MSNBC NBC's Nightly News with Tom Brokaw ran a week-long series titled "Sleepless in America" February 3-7, 1997. There was an interactive quiz to take, called What's Keeping You Awake? -- and they provided an e-mail address if you had a dream to share. Dr. Rosalind Cartwright interpreted them.

  • On ABC's Oprah, February 3, 1997, she focused her show on sleepeating and sleep disorders.

    Good Morning America on ABC aired a week long series on sleep titled "The Power of Sleep." (January 27-31, 1997). Monday's topic was "How much sleep do you need?" that featured an interview with Dr. David Dinges of the University of Pennsylvania. Nancy Snyderman asked "Do you know your slumber number?" An infant should get 16-18 hours of sleep; a child should get 10-12 hours; adolescents need 9.5-10 hours of sleep ( and rarely get it); adults over 19 should get 8 hours of sleep. Tuesday's topic was sleep deprivation. The segment included Colonel Greg Belenky, M.D. and others from the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, showing PET images (Position Emission Topography-scans of the brain) and the actigraph ( a biomedical instrument for the measurement of body movement). Dr. Charles Czeisler of Harvard Medical School and Brigham & Women's Hospital in Boston was also featured. Thursday's topic was "Dreams and How to Remember Them."  Friday's segment was "Sleep, Finally Sleep."

    December 18, 1996 on ABC's World Nightly News, in the segment called "Solutions", a story was told about a school that has taken into consideration the sleep needs of their students.

    CNN aired a piece on PET (Position Emission Topography-scans of the brain) studies of sleep and sleep deprivation research done by Dr. Gregory Belenky and the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) on CNN's Science & Technology Show, Saturday December 14, 1996 and again on Sunday December 15, 1996.

    The San Francisco Bay Area's, KPIX channel 5 News aired a segment on sleep disorders, focusing on sleepwalking, on Monday November 18th at 10 pm. Sleepwalker Heidee Ruiz and Neurologist Clete Kushida were interviewed at the Stanford Sleep Disorders Clinic. Dr. Nancy Snyderman hosted the segment and told of the incredible cost of undiagnosed sleep disorders in our society. Each year, 70 million dollars is spent in health care and estimated money lost due to poor work performance and accidents while on the job. Viewers were urged to call the clinic if they have a sleeping problem. The telephone number for the Stanford Sleep Disorders Clinic is (650) 723-6601.

    On Saturday November 16, 1996 the weekly California television show, Health Matters, featured a story on Snoring Treatments. KRON-TV Channel 4's Pam Moore hosted this show that explores contemporary health and medical issues. Blue Shield of California sponsors this weekly show at 3:30 pm every Saturday.

    Unsolved Mysteries - Sleepwalking

    Dr. Clete Kushida, a fellow at the Stanford Sleep Disorders Clinic, filmed a segment for UNSOLVED MYSTERIES in May. His interview focused on the topic of sleepwalking-related violence. A nine minute segment at the top of the show reenacted the the case of 21-year-old Iowa college student, Jarod Allgood who was hit and killed by a semi-tractor trailer while sleep-walking on Highway 30 during the early morning hours of February 9, 1993. The investigation into his death lead by his mother Becky Allgood of Iowa City has opened the eyes of authorities and the medical community. Since the time of Jarod's untimely death, his mother has been on a one woman campaign to educate the public about the dangers of sleep disorders.

    Allgood has appeared on four national television programs in the last two years, discussing the tragedy of her son's death and campaigning for the National Center for Sleep Disorders Research. Jarod's case has been studied by medical doctors and neurologists from Stanford University (Dr. Kushida), University of Iowa, University of Minnesota, and by physicians in Calgary, Canada.

    The episode shows his mother's struggle to have his "cause of death" recorded as "accidental due to sleep-walking" and not due to "suicide" or "cause unknown."

    The show aired on Friday, November 8, 1996 Allgood says she will continue her crusade to educate the public for as long as it takes to bring everyone to awareness.

    In addition, the show profiled a young woman named Heidee who was also prone to sleepwalking. Heidee's sleepwalking led to her running through a plate glass window and running into a wall, breaking her nose. These violent episodes caused her to seek treatment for her sleepwalking. A sleep study showed there was nothing abnormal occurring while she was sleeping. Heidee has learned from the sleep specialists to get plenty of rest and reduce stress by meditating. Stress and being overtired are triggers for sleepwalking. Now that she is aware of the triggers to sleepwalking, she is now healthy and happy.

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    Once again Dr. Clete Kushida was in the spotlight! On Friday August 23, 1996, he was interviewed by CNN about his measurement algorithm to to identify people with sleep apnea. Read more information on this new technique. A patient who was there for a sleep study, was used to demonstrate this method. CNN could not say when the interview would air. They often get only a few hours notice themselves. It may have been on the regular CNN news or on one of the Saturday morning shows called, 'Your Health.' Check CNN Newsroom for more information on CNN.

    On Tuesday October 29, 1996, the NBC television show Dateline aired a segment called "Wait Until Dark" that explored one of life's little known maladies -- Sleep Related Eating Disorder. Professionals believe it is a disorder that affects thousands of people who do not realize that they sleep-eat. There are around 100 reported cases, dateline reported.

    The story profiled a woman who had been sleep-eating for nine years. She had no memory of sleepwalking and eating. Dateline had placed infrared cameras in the fridgerator and in the kitchen, to track her sleepwalking activities. Four nights out of five, she came into the kitchen, her eyes open, searching for food. She looked in the refridgerator and in the cupboards and chose a piece of bread to eat.

    Her family has to hide food they may want the next day because she may consume it during the night. She has been known to eat raw hamburger dipped in mayonaise, raw bacon, the meat from her children's sandwiches and frosting off of cupcakes. She was asked, "Why don't you just lock up the food?" The woman said she unlocked or forced open whatever the food is locked up in.

    There is disruption in the sleep cycle, sometimes the sleepwalker arises more than once a night and that causes some daytime sleepiness. The sleepwaker often wakes up feeling bloated and uncomfortable and embarrassed about the sleep-eating. They may gain weight Doctor's have tried medication to deepen sleep to cut down on the sleepwalking and sleep-eating. Sometimes it works and sometimes it doesn't.

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  • Health Net and KCBS-TV premiered "Health Watch" on "Action News This Morning", Tue, Sep 24, 1996

    WOODLAND HILLS, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Sept. 24, 1996--Viewers of KCBS Action News This Morning will now receive a regular morning dosage of health-care advice through "Health Watch," a new twice- weekly series premiering Sept. 24, 1996. The segments will be viewed by audiences in Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, Ventura, Kern and Inyo counties.

    Sponsored by Health Net, one of California's leading health-care organizations, the "Health Watch" series comprises 104 two-minute segments to be broadcast over the next year between 7 and 8 a.m. on KCBS's Action News This Morning.

    "Health Watch" features physicians and health professionals from Health Net provider groups presenting consumers with important information on a broad range of health-care topics. In the segments, doctors discuss prevention, solutions through lifestyle changes and the latest treatments available for specific dseases or ailments.

    "`Health Watch' will provide viewers with insight from some of the region's foremost health professionals on issues which affect the quality of their health and lifestyle," said Arthur M. Southam, M.D., president and chief executive officer of Health Net. "This health-care series is just one example of Health Net's commitment to partner with our physicians to create programs and initiatives that positively impact the public's health." Initial topics to be included in the series this fall are segments on:

    The program will be broadcast exclusively on KCBS-TV in Los Angeles. Health Net also will distribute videotape copies of the series through its network of physicians, hospitals, employer groups, health-care insurance brokers and agents in Los Angeles, Riverside, Orange, San Bernardino, Kern, Inyo and Ventura counties.

    "The segments will be a tremendous resource for preventive health education long after they've aired," said Southam. "For everyday health-care issues, more information means healthier people."

    Health Net, one of California's largest health-care organizations, serves more than 1.3 million members in 40 counties in California from San Diego to the Oregon border, providing the broadest geographic coverage of any network model HMO in the state. Members are served through a network of more than 33,000 physicians and more than 370 hospitals.

    Health Net has received a full one-year accreditation by the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA), the nonprofit, independent oversight organization for the managed-care industry. Its headquarters are located in Woodland Hills.
    For information CONTACT:

    Catherine Lockwood
    Tel : (818)593-8954

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    "THE DISCOVERY CHANNEL" show, "WHY THINGS ARE" aired on Sunday September 22, 1996. The show included a segment on Dr. Claudio Stampi from the Institute of Circadian Physiology in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Unfortunately, there was no footage of the Great American Sleepwalk as promised.

  • On Tuesday, August 27, 1996, "THE MAURY POVICH SHOW", a syndicated program, aired a fantastic show in which sleep disorders were the subject. Guests included Dr. William Dement, Dr. Neil Feldman, plus sleep disorder patients, Heather Fritz, Danielle Fritz and Wendy Jones, all whom have narcolepsy. Other guests included Betty Hudson, who has Nocturnal Eating Disorder, Rebecca Allgood, the mother of a college student who was killed during an episode of Severe Violent Somnambulism (sleepwalking), Terry Keefer, a school bus driver who has Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and a man with OSA, also a bus driver, who wished to remain anonymous. The guests spoke eloquently about their disorders. It was an opportunity for millions to learn more about sleep disorders! If you saw the show and want to comment on it, e-mail MauryShow@aol.com.

  • On Friday, July 5th, 1996 on an episode of 20/20, a segment entitled "Stop the Snoring" was shown. It was an update on snoring and laser surgery. The laser surgery is recommended for "social snorers" who have had sleep studies to determine if they suffer from Sleep Apnea. If they do not have a sleep disorder, such as Sleep Apnea, and they habitually snore, this kind of treatment may be beneficial. Dr. Timothy Johnson, ABC medical consultant, warns that doctors who would do the laser surgery without testing for sleep disorders first, should not be considered to do your laser surgery.

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    Last season an episode of "COACH" dealt with snoring and sleep apnea. Hayden is driving his wife wild with his snoring as well as making her sleep deprived. She demands they do something about it. She buys a lot of devices that are supposed to cure snoring. When none of those work, Hayden and Luther (who also snores), go to a sleep lab for an overnight sleep study. This show has some misconceptions and inaccuracies about sleep apnea and snoring, but it was humorous.

    PRESS RELEASE - ROCHESTER,MN (November 26, 1996) -

    The study of dreams opens a window into how the human mind develops and functions, according to a review of recent advances in the field published in the current issue of the Journal Sleep. Its author, David Foulkes, Ph.D., and experimental psychologist in Atlanta, Georgia, has participated actively in dream research for most of this time.

    The discovery of REM sleep in 1953 is "the single most important event in modern dream psychology", Dr. Foulkes says.  Scientists at the University of Chicago both identified REM sleep--which gets its name from the rapid eye movements that are characteristic of the state--and reported that waking sleepers from REM sleep elicited reports of vivid dreams, while waking sleepers in non-REM, or NREM, sleep, did not.  REM episodes last about 10 to 45 minutes and alternate with NREM episodes in approximately 90-minute cycles throughout the night.

    Early researchers concluded that because we have multiple REM episodes each night, we dream several discrete dreams.  Because these episodes last minutes rather than seconds, so, it was thought, do dreams.  Because short REM episodes produced short dream reports, and long REM episodes yielded long reports, dream time was said to be about the same as real time.

    From the beginning, however, scientists questioned whether or not dreaming occurs only in REM sleep. Most researchers now agree, Dr. Foulkes says, that dreaming can and does occur outside of REM sleep.  Dreamlike experiences are common, for example, just as people are falling asleep, although the first REM episode usually does not start until a person has been sleeping for about 90 minutes.

    Early studies in which people were awakened in both REM and NREM sleep and asked, "What was going through your mind just now?" described REM reports as more "dreamlike," and NREM reports as more "thoughtlike." But research by Dr. Foulkes and others suggests that dreaming is more or less continuous throughout sleep. While REM dreams tend to be more florid, "many NREM reports," Dr. Foulkes says, "are dreams by anyone's definition of dreaming."

    One popular early theory was that eye movements signaled the activity occurring in the dream--side to side for a dream about a tennis match, or up and down for someone climbing stairs, for instance.  Later studies, however, could not confirm this direct correspondence.

    In early efforts to manipulate dream content, reasearchers sounded tones near dreamers' ears, flashed lights in their taped-open eyes, and sprinkled water on them. Before going to bed, volunteers watched emotionally arousing films about vacuum-extraction childbirth or primitive rites including penile incisions. But outside events proved to have little impact.  Sleepers constructed dreams from emotionally relavant bits and pieces of their own daily lives.

    Researchers found dreaming to be both normal and an everyday occurrence, not a specific response to unusual stress in waking life.  Nor are dreams as bizzare as people often assume from the few dreams they spontaneously remember. Collection of representative samples of dreams showed that most are similar in content to waking thoughts.

    The ability to portray one's experience in mental imagery is absent in early childhood, Dr. Foulkes has found in his own research.  This ability matures slowly into adult form.  Studies of dreams in children, he says, "offer an uparralleled window on the development of conscious mental states."

    Early sleep and dream researchers hoped their work would enlarge understanding of the origin and nature of psychiatric disorders.  But, says Dr. Foulkes, the ability to monitor sleep and dreams in the laboratory came along too late to have a significant effect in this regard. From the 1950s on, the biological/pharmaceutical revolution in the treatment of major mental illness made the study of untreated mental disorders increasingly difficult to justify or carry out.  Modern-day dream researchers are using the laboratory, however, to study anxiety dreams in Vietnam veterans suffering from post-traumatic stress syndrome and the role of changes in REM sleep in depression.

    Nonetheless, the future of laboratory-based dream research in the United States, Dr. Foulkes asserts, look rather bleak.   Researchers in Canada and Europe, he says, are more active that those in this country. "Increasing demands that science be "practical," he says, "put an intolerable burden on the study of dreaming, the very prototype of impracticality.

    "If dreaming is to continue to be studied," he says, "it will have to be studied for what it is--a distinctive human cognitive process--rather than for what it can tell us about personality or mind-body relationships."

    Sleep is the journal of the American Sleep Disorders Association and the Sleep Research Society. These independent organizations represent more than 3,000 physicians and other clinical specialists, laboratory scientists, and technicians in pulmonary medicine, neurology, psychiatry, psychology, otolaryngology, internal medicine, pediatrics and other disciplines.

    CONTACT: Gregory G. Mader

    Go to interesting information on dreams in The Sleep Well.

    Source: Foulkes, David. Dream research: 1953-1993. Sleep, 1996;19(8):609-624.

    Dr. Clete Kushida, a clinical research fellow at the Stanford Sleep Disorders Clinic, was interviewed on KRON-TV, Channel 4, (in the San Francisco Bay Area) about using mouth measurements to identify people with sleep apnea. In the June 7, 1996 interview, Kushida explained his method to screen for the breathing disorder. At the Association of Professional Sleep Societies (APSS) meeting held in May in Washington, D.C., Dr. Kushida received the Honorable Mention American Sleep Disorders Association (ASDA) Young Investigators Award for developing this new approach. Read a Stanford University press release about his method.

    On Saturday, April 20, 1996, the San Franscisco Bay area show "HEALTH MATTERS" with host Pam Moore aired a segment that dealt with sleep disorders. Dr. Alex Clerk from the Stanford Sleep Disordes Clinic was the guest. The show aired on KRON-TV, channel 4, at 3:30 pm. But most of the sleep disorders segment was not shown due to previous delays in the programming that began with the show already in progress.

    On April 9 1996, "THE OPRAH WINFREY SHOW" aired an episode on Night Terrors and sleepwalking.

    The television show "NEXT STEP" aired a segment on the "Canine Narcolepsy Colony" at Stanford, featuring Dr. Emmanuel Mignot and Beau, a daschund with narcolepsy. It aired on the Discovery Channel, April 3 and April 6, 1996.

    On March 7, 1996 an episode of "SEINFELD" dealt with Kramer being sleep deprived. Kramer read that an artist had slept for short periods of time every few hours and was able to get more done. Kramer tried this schedule and became so sleep deprived, he fell asleep while on a date, in a compromising position. His date thought he was dead and Kramer found himself in quite an interesting situation. If you missed it, it may be shown again in syndication.

    On March 7, 1996, on an episode of "E.R." from last season, Dr. Benton is sleep deprived from working consecutive shifts. He was told to get some rest before he saw any more patients, but he did not heed this advice. He fell asleep while suturing a patient and when he went to his mother's house to stay with her while his sister and family went away for the weekend, he failed to wake up when his mother was calling for him, and she subsequently fell down the stairs and broke her hip.

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