Fully Dated Western Zhou Bronze Inscriptions (D. Nivison, 1997)

(‘25 8 C(21)’ means ‘25th year, 8th month, 3rd quarter, jiashen (21)’; ‘979y’ means the year 979, assumed to begin with the yin (pre-spring-equinox) month).  (‘h’ = ‘hai,’ pre-solstice month; ‘z’ = ‘zi,’ solstice month; ‘c’ = ‘chou,’ post-solstice month.)  ‘11(06)’ means ‘11th month (counting from the solstice month), first day jisi (06).’  ‘yr’ means ‘year beginning with the yin month, with an intercalation (run) within the year.’)

  Bronze vessel                Date given   Reign  yuan   year  month(gan) day
 

1.  Xiao Yu ding               25 8 C(21)   Kang   1003   979yr 11(06)     16

2.  Shi Ju gui                 3 4 B(58)    Mu      956   954z  4(44)      15

3.  Geng Ying ding             22 4 C(46)   Mu      956   935z  4(24)      23

4.  Qiu Wei gui                27 3 B(35)   Mu      956   930z  3(26)      10

5.  Xian pan                   34 5 C(55)   Mu      954   921z  5(32)      24

6.  Qiu Wei he                 3 3 B(39)    Gong    917   915c  4(27)      13

7.  Qiu Wei ding I             5 1 A(47)    Gong    917   913c  2(47)       1

8.  Qi Sheng Lu yi             8 12 A(24)   Gong    917   910c  909.1(24)   1

9.  Qiu Wei ding II            9 1 D(17)    Gong    917   909c  2(53)      25

10. Zou gui                    12 3 C(27)   Gong    917   906c  4(05)      23

11. Jue Cao ding II            15 5 B(19)   Gong    915   901z  5(06)      14

12. Shi Hu gui                 1 6 C(11)    Yih     899   899z  6(53)      19

13. Hu ding                    1 6 C(12)    Yih     899   899z  6(53)      20

14. Wu fangyi                  2 2 A(24)    Yih     899   898c  3(19)       6

15. Yi zhi                     2 3 A(52)    Yih     899   898c  4(49)       4

16. Da Shi Ce gui              12 1 C(31)   Yih     897   886z  1(11)      21

17. Wang gui                   13 6 A(35)   Yih     897   885h  5(33)       3

18. Shi Shi gui I              1 4 B(51)    Xiao    870   870h  3(37)      15

19. Mu gui                     7 13 B(51)   Xiao    872   866h  12(39)     13

20. Shi Yu gui                 3 3 A(11)    Yi      867   865z  3(8)        4

21. Shi Chen ding              3 3 A(11)    Yi      867   865z  3(8)        4

22. Jian gui                   5 3 A(27)    Yi      867   863z  3(26)       2

23. Xing xu                    4 2 B(35)    Yi      865   862h  1(22)      14

24. San Ji gui                 4 8 A(24)    Yi      865   862h  7(18)       7

25. Shi Shi gui II             5 9 B(19)    Yi      865   861h  8(11)       9

26. Bo Shi Fu ding             6 8 A(6)     Yi      865   860z  8(06)       1

27. Wang Chen gui              2 3 A(27)    Li      859   858c  4(27)       1

28. Shi Dui gui I              1 5 A(51)    Li      857   857cr 7(50)       2

29. Shi Fu Fu xu               1 6 A(24)    Li      857   857cr 8(19)       6

30. Shi Li gui                 11 9 A(24)   Li      857   847c  10(20)      5

31. Da gui                     12 3 B(24)   Li      857   846c  4(17)       8

32. Da ding                    15 3 D(24)   Li      857   843z  3(60)      25

33. Shi Dui gui II             3 2 A(24)    Li      844   842c  3(24)       1

34. Shi Hui gui                1 1 A(24)    Gong He 841   841y  3(19)       6

35. Ni zhong                   1 3 B(57)    Gong He 841   841c  4(48)      10

36. Yi gui                     27 1 C(24)   Li      859   833z  1(03)      22

37. Wuji gui                   13 1 A(39)   Gong He 841   829z  1(39)       1

38. Ge You Cong ding           31 3 A(29)   Li      857   827z  3(27)       3

39. Ke xu                      18 12 A(27)  Li      844   827z  12(22)      6

40. Bo Ke hu                   16 7 B(32)   Gong He 841   826c  8(18)      15

41. Song ding                  3 5 D(11)    Xuan    827   825z  5(44)      28

42. Xi Jia pan                 5 3 D(27)    Xuan    827   823z  3(03)      25

43. Guoji Zibo pan             12 1 A(24)   Xuan    827   816z  1(24)       1

44. Xing hu                    13 9 A(15)   Xuan    827   815h  8(15)       1

45. Ke Zhong                   16 9 A(27)   Xuan    827   812h  8(27)       1

46. Zou ding                   19 4 C(28)   Xuan    827   809h  3(13)      16

47. Ci ding                    17 12 B(52)  Xuan    825   809z  12(39)     14

48. Xiu pan                    20 1 C(11)   Xuan    825   806c  2(56)      16

49. Bo Ju Sheng hu             26 10 A(16)  Xuan    825   800y  12(16)      1

50. Huan pan                   28 5 C(27)   Xuan    825   798y  7(07)      21

51. Bo Kui Fu xu               33 8 D(28)   Xuan    825   793y  10(06)     23

52. Shanfu Shan ding           37 1 A(47)   Xuan    825   789y  3(47)       1

53. Shi Hung gui               1 2 C(27)    You     783   783c  3(12)      16

54. Shi Mou gui                1 9 C(24)    You     783   783cr 11(08)     17

55. X gui                      2 1 A(24)    You     781   780c  2(24)       1

56. Zha zhong                  3 4 A(51)    You     781   779c  5(48)       4
 

1.   In 979 there was an intercalary 4th month in the yin calendar.  Take 8(37), 9(07), 10(37) (yin 5th, 6th, 7th months) as 8(37), 9(07), 10(36) (syzygy  02:24).

23.  The shift from a year beginning with the zi month to a following year beginning with the hai month, though 863 was not a 13-month year, is perhaps explainable by the shift from 867 as yuan to 865 as yuan.  When 865 was taken as base for the calendar, the intercalation due (and actually made) in 865 was ignored.

33.  The shuo was actually at 01:32 on the next day, wuzi (25).

34.  At the beginning of a new order, confusion: so the popular calendar is used, although it is not official.  The expected chou-year calendar is used later.  The confusion continues, every available calendar being used in the next 15 years.

38-40.  Xuan Wang’s de jure succession was 827.  But Gong He at the capital I assume did not leave his post at once, the deceassed Li Wang had been far away, and the supporters of his son probably moved slowly and carefully.  Therefore it is reasonable to suppose Li Wang calendars still being used in 827.  The Bo Ke hu, which I date to 826, appears to be addressed to Gong He, still functioning as head of state; the maker acknowledges his gratitude to "the friendship of tian you wang bo," i.e., to "the lord functioning as king, assisted by Heaven."

45. 8.1 = (28) (shuo 06:44).  Long-short regularization calls for (27).

47.  Change from hai as first month to zi as first month between the Zou ding and the Ci ding is caused by the change from 827 as yuan to 825 as yuan.  Assume an intercalation effecting this change, after month 3 (= "4") and before month 12.

51.  In 793, 10.1 = (07), syzygy 00:21; interpret as (06) (allowed by regularization).  I have assumed that the 23rd is in jiwang.  This inscription may be carelessly irregular (jisibo is carelessly inscribed as simply "jisi").  But it may indicate that in a short month jiwang is only 7 days, so that jisibo starts with the 23rdin a month after a long month, with pangsibo two days later.

54.  Assume an intercalation between month 3 and month 11.  (783z was a 13-month year.  If by this time the qi calendar was based on an accurate determination of the solstice, the 5th month would be intercalary.)

55.  780c, 2nd month first day = (25); regularization allows (24), forced here by chuji dinghai being especially auspicious.
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