Teacher Education in CALL   

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Chapter 20. 
Helping Teachers to Help Themselves

Thomas N. Robb, Kyoto Sangyo University, Japan

Even the best of pre- and in-teacher training programs cannot teach all of the required components for effective use of technology in language teaching. This chapter discusses the rationale for autonomous learning and makes specific suggestions for how we can help our teachers to become autonomous learners, such as ensuring that they have a wide knowledge base, making them aware of the range of resources available to them when they run into difficulty and building an attitude conducive to self-discovery. For language program administrators, the article suggests ways to build an atmosphere that encourages teachers to extend their use of technology in the classroom.

The author would like to thank Bernard Susser, Doshisha Women's College of Liberal Arts, Kyoto, Japan for his careful reading and incisive comments at several points in the development of this article.

References available online

Confessore, G. and Park, E. 2004. “Factor validation of the Learner Autonomy Profile (Version 3.0) and extraction of the short form”. International Journal of Self-Directed Learning, 1 (1), 39-58. Available at http://sdlglobal.com/journal.htm. 

Feldman, D. 2005. “Technology and early literacy: A recipe for success”. Available at http://www.pbs.org/readytolearn/resources/2005_summer_institute/Feldman_Success.pdf.


Gahala, J. 2001. “Critical issue: Promoting technology use in schools”. North Central Regional Educational Laboratory. Available at http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/methods/technlgy/te200.htm.     


Guglielmino, L.M., Long, H.B., and Hiemstra, R. 2004. “Self-direction in learning in the United States”. International Journal of Self Directed Learning 1 (1): 1-19. Available at http://sdlglobal.com/journal.htm.


Hiemstra, R. 2004. "Self-directed learning lexicon". International Journal of Self Directed Learning 1 (2): 1-6. Available at http://sdlglobal.com/journal.htm.


Long, H. B, and Guglielmino, L. M. 2004. “Preface to the inaugural issue”. International Journal of Self-Directed Learning 1 (1): ii. Available at http://sdlglobal.com/journal.htm.


Moodle. Available at http://moodle.org.


Norman, M. M. 1999. “Beyond hardware”. American School Board Journal July 1999. Available at http://www.asbj.com/199907/0799coverstory.html.


Ponton, M., Carr, P. and Derrick, G. 2004. A Path Analysis of the Conative Factors Associated with Autonomous Learning. International Journal of Self-Directed Learning 1(1): 59-69. Available at http://sdlglobal.com/journal.htm.


Robb, T. 2005. “The role of trial & error in the informal acquisition of skills”. Unpublished manuscript. Available at http://tomrobb.com/trialerror.doc.


Smith, R. C. 2003. “Teacher education for teacher-learner autonomy”. In Symposium for Language Teacher Educators: Papers from Three IALS Symposia (CD-ROM), J. Gollin, G. Ferguson, and H. Trappes-Lomax (eds). Edinburgh: IALS, University of Edinburgh, November 2001. Available at   http://www.warwick.ac.uk/~elsdr/Teacher_autonomy.pdf.


Teclehaimanot, B and Lamb, A. 2005. “Workshops that work!: Building an effective, technology-rich faculty development program”. Journal of Computing in Teacher Education 21 (3): 109-115. Available at http://www.iste.org/Template.cfm?Section=Number_3_Spring_2005&Template=/MembersOnly.cfm&ContentFileID=2884.  


Technology Alliance 1998. Report and Recommendations from the Technology Alliance’s Educational Technology Task Force. Available at http://www.technology-alliance.com/pubspols/studies/teched_report1998.html.


TESOL CALL Interest Section 2006. Electronic Village Online 2006. Available at http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~call/.


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Updated December 8, 2007