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SOUTH BAY BIRDERS UNLIMITED


 


MNEMONIC BIRD SONGS

Mnemonic: "assisting or intended to assist memory"


    Acadian Flycatcher
    peet-seet or peet-suh or peet
    
    Alder Flycatcher
    fitz-bee-
    
    American Avocet
    wheek or kleet (repeated in flight)
    
    American Bittern
    gulp-a-pump
    woonk-a-chunk
    
    American Black Duck
    quack quack quack (lower than a Mallard)
    
    American Black Oystercatcher
    wheep-wheep-wheep (rapid; clipped)
    
    American Coot
    ka-ha; ka-ha kuh-uk!; kuh-uk! (loud; clear)
    
    American Crow
    caw-caw-caw-caw-koodle-yah; koodle-yah (trilly voice)
    
    American Golden Plover
    looo-eee! poo-too-eee!; poo-too-eee!
    
    American Goldfinch
    pa-chip-chip-chip per-chick-a-ree
    po-ta-to-chip (and dip {in flight})
    
    American Kestrel
    klee; klee; klee
    
    American Pipit
    chwee; chwee; chwee (thin) pipit-pipit
    
    American Redstart
    tzee-tzee-tzee-tzeeeo
    
    American Robin
    cheer-up; cheer-a-lee; cheer-ee-o, whinny
    
    American Wigeon
    squeaky; nasal whistle
    
    American Woodcock
    peeent; peeent; peeent (nasal)
    
    Anna's Hummingbird
    chee-ik-ee-ik-ee-ik (grating; squeaky)
    
    Ash-throated Flycatcher
    ka-brick ka-wheer prrrrrt (buzzy)
    
    Bachman's Sparrow
    highly variable - clear; liquid; whistled phrases
    
    Bachman's Sparrow
    seeeee; slip-slip-slip-slip-slip
    
    Baltimore Oriole
    flute-like; disjointed series of notes 
    here; here; come right here; dear
    
    Barn Owl
    screeeeeee (hissing - long)
    
    Barn Swallow
    twittering (rapid)
    tit-tit-tit-tit (rapid staccato)
    
    Barred Owl
    who-cooks-for-you; who-cooks-for-you-all
    
    Bay-breasted Warbler
    tee-zee-tee-zee-tee-zee-tee (very rapid; hp)
    
    Belted Kingfisher
    stuttering; non-musical; dry rattle in-flight
    
    Bewick's Wren
    like Song Sparrow; but thinner; more rapid
    
    Black & White Warbler
    wee-zee; wee-zee; wee-zee (like a squeaky toy)
    
    Black Rail
    kicky-chew; kiki-krrr; pee-pee-toe
    
    Black Skimmer
    kaup; kaup; kaup (clear-noted)
    
    Black-bellied Plover
    pee-a-wee!; whee-er-wee!
    
    Black-billed Cuckoo
    ku-ku-ku
    
    Black-billed Magpie
    maaagh?!
    wenk-wenk or wenk-wenk-wenk
    
    Blackburnian Warbler
    see-say; teetsa-teetsa-teetsa-  zee-zee-zee
    
    Black-capped Chickadee
    chk-a-dee-dee-dee (rapid; higher-pitched than Carolina)
    
    Black-capped Chickadee
    fee-bee
    
    Black-chinned Hummingbird
    tchew (soft; flat)
    
    Black-crowned Night Heron
    quawlk
    
    Black-headed Grosbeak
    ik (sharply) robin-like; but more musical
    spik
    
    Black-legged Kittiwake
    kitty-waaak
    
    Black-necked Stilt
    kyip; kyip; kyip
    
    Blackpoll Warbler
    chipping trill
    
    Black-throated Blue Warbler
    beer-beer-beer-beeee! (raspy)
    zur-zur-zur-zree!
    please; please; please squeeeeze
    I am so laz-eeeeee
    
    Black-throated Gray Warbler
    zeedle-zeedle-zee-zeet-cha
    
    Black-throated Green Warbler
    trees-trees-murmuring-trees
    zee-zee-zee-zee-zoo-zee
    
    Black-whiskered Vireo
    Tim Kelly or Whip Tim Kelly
    
    Blue Grosbeak
    chink; house finch-like; but lower
    
    Blue Jay
    fee-der-de-lurp
    jay-jay-jay
    queedle-queedle-queedle-
    
    Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
    zpeee (a bit raspy)
    
    Blue-winged Warbler
    beee-bzzz; blue winged! (second syllable buzzy)
    
    Bobolink
    plink; plink
    
    Bobwhite
    toot-sweet!
    bob-white!
    
    Bonaparte's Gull
    chrrr-chrrr-chrrr (rapid; buzzy)
    
    Boreal Chickadee
    chick-che-day-day
    
    Boreal Owl
    hooo-too-too-too-too...
    
    Brewer's Blackbird
    ksh-eee (creaky)
    
    Brewer's Sparrow
    seeeep (thin)
    
    Bristle-thighed Curlew
    cheew-iew-iew-it
    
    Broad-tailed Hummingbird
    chittering; thin, mixed with wing-hum
    
    Broad-winged Hawk
    peet-seeeeep
    
    Brown Creeper
    trill (hp; rapid) always as individuals
    
    Brown Thrasher
    varied mocker-like phrases (repeated 2x)
    drop-it; drop-it; cover-it-up; 
    cover-it-up; pull-it-up; pull-it-up
    
    Brown-headed Cowbird
    bubble-bubble-zeeee! 
    
    Brown-headed Nuthatch
    kit-kit-kit-..or ki-dit; ki-dit  (rapid)
    
    Bufflehead (Fe)
    quack quack quack
    
    Bullock's Oriole
    varied; rich whistles and mixed gutturals
    chuck chuck chuck-it-too-ee zhew zhew
    
    Bushtit
    lisp (multiple; very hp)
    tsit (multiple; very hp)
    
    California Quail
    kurr
    chi-ca-go; chi-ca-go 
    qua-quer-go; qua-quer-go
    
    Canada Goose
    honk; honk; honk
    
    Canada Warbler
    chip-chupitty-swee-ditchety
    
    Canyon Wren
    tewee; tewee; tewee (slowing)
    tsheee (raspy; metallic)
    
    Cape May Warbler
    seet-seet-seet-seet (thin; hp)
    
    Carolina Chickadee
    car-o-li-na (four notes)
    chk-a-dee-dee-dee
    fee-bee-fee-bay
    see-dee-dee-dee
    
    Carolina Wren
    brrrrrrr (a brief; downslurred; rapid trill like thumbing comb tines)
    chooble-dee (varied triplet phrases)
    tea-kettle; tea-kettle; tea-kettle
    
    Caspian Tern
    raaaah (raspy; hoarse)
    
    Cassin's Finch
    chitty-up or chill-ee-up
    
    Cedar Waxwing
    trill (hp; rapid) always in flocks
    zeee-zeee-zeee (hp trilled)
    
    Cerulean Warbler
    chyoo-chyoo-chyoo-tseee (last syllable burry)
    trill (ending with buzzy-) beeee
    
    Chestnut-sided Warbler
    pleased-pleased-pleased-pleased-ta-meetcha
    see-see-see-Miss-Beech'er
    
    Chimney Swift
    chit-chit-chit-chit (rapid staccato)
    twittering (rapid)
    
    Chipping Sparrow
    chipping trill (mechanical)
    
    Chuck Will's Widow
    chuck-will's-widow
    
    Clapper Rail
    tic-tic-tic-tic-tic-tic-.
    
    Clark's Grebe
    kreeet (burry)
    kriiik (burry)
    
    Clark's Nutcracker
    kraa-a-a-a (long; drawn-out); 
    or kra-kra-kra-kra
    
    Common Eider
    ow-oo-urr
    whoo-ooh; whoo-ooh
    
    Common Goldeneye
    pee-ik (raspy)
    
    Common Loon
    cooo-leee; cooo-leee (slow; plaintive)
    whinny
    
    Common Merganser
    ah; ah; ah; ah (low; even croaking in flight)
    
    Common Moorhen
    kip-kip-kip-
    
    Common Nighthawk
    beeer
    pee-eet (nasal)
    
    Common Poorwill
    poor-will; poor-will; poor-will
    
    Common Raven
    cruck (harsh; raspy)
    tawk (metallic)
    
    Common Ringed Plover
    poo-eep (in-flight)
    
    Common Screech Owl
    woooooooo warbled
    
    Common Snipe
    skaip
    wicka-wicka-wicka-
    
    Common Tern
    kee-arr (trilly)
    
    Common Yellowthroat
    witchety-witchety-witchety (slow) (Western race)
    tchep (flat and raspy)
    
    Connecticut Warbler
    chee-pa-chuh; chee-pa-chuh; 
    chee-pa-chuh; chee chik-a-too-ee; chik-a-too-ee
    
    Cordilleran Flycatcher
    pseet; tri-i-i-ip; seet (thin; squeaky)
    
    Dark-eyed Junco
    dit (repeated occasionally)
    smack (repeated occasionally)
    chipping trill (musical; tinkling)
    
    Downy Woodpecker
    peeek (sharply) whinny
    
    Eastern Bluebird
    pew or mew (sharply)
    chatter (harsh; brief)
    
    Eastern Kingbird
    t-t-tseeep (electrical sputtering)
    
    Eastern Meadowlark
    but-I-DO-love-you
    spring-of-the-year
    
    Eastern Phoebe
    fee-beee (last syllable raspy)
    
    Eastern Towhee
    too-wheee! drink-your-teeeee!
    hot dog; pickle-ickle-ickle
    
    Eastern Wood Pewee
    pee-a-weee and pee-yer
    
    Evening Grosbeak
    chirp or chiirrrp (burry)
    
    Field Sparrow
    a ping-pong ball dropped onto a table
    increasing in rate and pitch
    
    Fish Crow
    eh-eh; eh-eh (two-noted phrases)
    
    Forster's Tern
    keeeeeeeeer
    zaaaah (raspy; nasal)
    
    Gadwall (Ma)
    bek (buzzy) 
    (Fe quacks like mallard)
    
    Golden-crowned Kinglet
    see-see-see- (hp)
    
    Golden-crowned Sparrow
    Oh; dear me!; three blind mice
    
    Golden-winged Warbler
    beeee(buzzy trill)-bz-bz-bz
    
    Grasshopper Sparrow
    pee-trip-treee (last syllable a raspy trill)
    
    Gray Catbird
    meeeee-ew or maaaaaanh (nasal)
    varied mocker-like phrases (seldom repeated)
    
    Gray-cheeked Thrush
    whee-wheeo-titi-whee (thin; nasal)
    
    Great Blue Heron
    squawking or croaking (very raucous)
    
    Great Gray Owl
    whoo-whoo-whoooo
    
    Great Horned Owl
    hoot-a-hoot; hoo-hoo
    who's awake? me too
    
    Great Kiskadee
    Qu'est-ce qu'il dit? Qu'est-ce qu'il dit? ("What's he saying?")
    
    Great-crested Flycatcher
    prrreeeet (burry); wheeep
    
    Greater Yellowlegs
    dear; dear; dear (sharply)
    klee-klee-klee
    tu-tu-tu (whistled, 3 or more notes)
    
    Green Heron
    skelp skelp skelp
    
    Green-tailed Towhee
    weet-churrr-chee-churrr (mixed sweet and burry notes)
    
    Gull-billed Tern
    kay-week and za-za-za
    
    Hairy Woodpecker
    pik (flat) whinny
    
    Hammond's Flycatcher
    chip-chewy or chip-chewy-chew (hp and a bit burry)
    
    Heerman's Gull
    kowok
    
    Henslow's Sparrow
    tsip-a-tik (non-musical; repeated occasionally)
    
    Hermit Thrush
    veer-veer-veer-veer-
    Why don'tcha come to me? 
    Here I am right near you
    
    Hooded Warbler
    a-weeta-weeta-weet-tee-o
    
    Horned Lark
    pit-sit (hp)
    tee-seep (hp)
    
    House Finch
    zreee! (included in varied; 
    warbling song)
    
    House Sparrow
    chiddik; chiddik (dry; non-musical)
    
    House Wren
    stuttering; gurgling; musical; 
    
    Inca Dove
    no hope
    
    Indigo Bunting
    varied phrases (in couplets)
    fire; fire; where? where? here; here; see it? see it?
    
    Kentucky Warbler
    p'chee; p'chee; p'chee
    
    Kildeer
    kill-deeeeer or kee-dee; kee-dee; kee-dee
    
    King Rail
    hip-hip-hurrah (dry; rattly)
    
    Lark Sparrow
    tsip (sharp)
    
    Laughing Gull
    haa-haa-haa-haa (loud; laugh-like)
    laughter (raucous; clear-noted)
    
    Lazuli Bunting
    zzzzzzd (buzzy)
    
    Least Bittern
    wuff; wuff; wuff; wuff; wuff
    ku-ku-ku (lower and throatier than B-B Cuckoo)
    
    Least Flycatcher
    che-bek
    
    Least Sandpiper
    kreeet (thin; somewhat burry)
    
    Least Tern
    zreeeeek
    
    Lesser Goldfinch
    tee-yee! or tee-yer
    
    Lesser Yellowlegs
    quu-quu (whistled - in pairs)
    tyooo-tyoo
    yoo-yoo; yoo-yoo-yoo
    
    Limpkin
    kraaaaaah (loud; piercing; usually repeated)
    
    Long-billed Curlew
    ker-lee
    
    Long-billed Dowitcher
    keeeeek (in flight - may be repeated)
    
    Louisiana Waterthrush
    chink
    tree; tree; tree terwitter-witter wit
    
    MacGillivray's Warbler
    chiddle-chiddle-chiddle-turtle
    chip-chewy or chip-chewy-chew (hp; clearer than Hammond's Flyc.)
    tsik (low; sharp)
    
    Magnolia Warbler
    weeta-weeta-weetsee
    weeta-weeta-wit-chew
    I'm-I'm-I'm-so-sweet
    one; two; three; four; six
    
    Mallard
    quack quack quack
    
    Marbled Godwit
    god-wit or ker-whit
    raddika; raddika; raddika
    
    Marsh Wren
    varied; complicated; fast; bubbly and busy
    
    Mountain Chickadee
    tsik-a-zee-zee-zee (raspier than Carolina)
    
    Mourning Dove
    hooo-ah hoo-hoo-hoo
    chirry-chirry-chirry-choreeo
    
    Mourning Warbler
    turdle; turdle; turdle; two-to-you
    
    Nashville Warbler
    trill in two parts - 2nd faster and lower in pitch
    see-bit-see-bit-see-bit; 
    see-see-see-see (2-pt.)
    
    Northern Cardinal
    cheer-cheer-cheer-purty-purty-purty-
    
    Northern Flicker
    kleeeyer
    wik-wik-wik
    Northern Flicker (courting)
    squeechu-squeechu-squeechu
    
    Northern Mockingbird
    varied phrases (thrice or more repeated)
    
    Northern Parula Warbler
    trill! (fast rising; ending with)-tsyoo
    zeeeeeeeeeeeeeee(buzzy)-chyoo
    
    Northern Pintail (Ma)
    prrrip; prrrip (low; stuttery)
    
    Northern Pygmy Owl
    too-too-too (clear notes)
    
    Northern Saw-whet Owl
    too-too-too (clear notes)
    
    Northern Shoveler (Ma)
    chik-chik; chik-chik (Fe quacks like mallard)
    
    Northern Waterthrush
    twit-twit-twit; sweet-sweet-sweet; 
    chew-chew-chew
    
    Oldsquaw
    ow-ow-ow-a-la
    
    Olive-sided Flycatcher
    pip-pip or pip-pip-pip
    quick; three-beers
    
    Orange-crowned Warbler
    trill (ascending/accelerating; then tumbles at end)
    
    Orchard Oriole
    warbling - varied phrases; incl. guttural notes
    
    Osprey
    kyew; kyew; kyew; kyew; kyew
    
    Ovenbird
    p'cheer - p'cheer - p'cheer
    t-cheer; t-cheer; t-cheer
    
    Pacific Loon
    kwa-wee!
    
    Pacific-slope Flycatcher
    see-a-weeeet!
    seeet (sharp; h.p)
    
    Palm Warbler
    trill (weak and buzzy)
    
    Pectoral Sandpiper
    krick (low-voiced)
    
    Pied-Billed Grebe
    gulp; gulp; gulp
    kuk-kuk-kow-kow-kow-kowp-kowp
    
    Pileated Woodpecker
    kik-kik-kik-kik-kik (rate & pitch rise then fall)
    
    Pine Siskin
    zreeeeeee! (buzzy)
    
    Pine Warbler
    chipping trill
    
    Piping Plover
    pip-pip-pip
    
    Plain Titmouse
    tsik-a-dee
    
    Prairie Warbler
    zee-zee-zee-zee (steady rise in pitch)
    
    Prothonotary Warbler
    zweet; zweet; zweet (single pitch)
    
    Purple Finch
    warbling - varied phrases; fast; lively; brief
    
    Pygmy Nuthatch
    pippit; pippit; pippit 
    
    Raven
    squawking (raucous)
    
    Red-bellied Woodpecker
    churrr; churrr (throaty; deeply trilled)
    
    Red-breasted Nuthatch
    ank-ank-ank (nasal monotone)
    
    Red-eyed Vireo
    where are you? and here I am
    
    Red-headed Woodpecker
    squeer; squeer (raspy)
    
    Red-shouldered Hawk
    kee-yer; kee-yer; kee-yer.
    
    Red-tailed Hawk
    keeeeeeeeer
    
    Red-throated Loon
    kwuk
    
    Red-winged Blackbird
    chortle-deeeeee (hp and drawn-out last syllable)
    conk-a-reeeeeeeee
    tseer; tseer
    
    Ring-necked Pheasant
    kok-kok (squawky; raucous; followed by wing-whir)
    
    Rock Wren
    ch-reee; ch-reee; ch-reee (a bit trilly-buzzy)
    chee-urr; chee-urr; chee-urr (a bit raspy)
    tik-eer
    
    Rose-breasted Grosbeak
    cheer-up; cheer-a-lee; cheer-ee-o
    chink
    
    Royal Tern
    keeer (trilled)
    
    Ruby-crowned Kinglet
    ji-dit; ji-dit; ji-dit (rattly)
    too-fritchyoo-fritchyoo-fritchyoo-
    
    Ruby-throated Hummingbird
    t-t-t-t-t-t-t  (soft; rapid; excited)
    
    Ruffed Grouse
    drumming-thumping; accelerates into a whir
    
    Rufous Hummingbird
    zee-chuppity-chuppity (buzzy)
    
    Rusty Blackbird
    check
    ksh-a-leeee (rusty-squeaky)
    
    Sanderling
    plik-plik-plik 
    
    Sandhill Crane
    garoo-a-a-a (stuttery)
    
    Savannah Sparrow
    zit-zit-zit-zeeee-zaaay (burry-raspy)
    
    Say's Phoebe
    pi-weer or pee-eee!
    
    Scaled Quail
    Paark! Pe-cos; Pe-cos; Pe-cos
    
    Scarlet Tanager
    cheer-up; cheer-a-lee; cheer-ee-o (burry; raspy)
    chick-burrr  (last syllable rapidly trilled)
    
    Scarlet Tanager
    hurry; worry; blurry; flurry (burry)
    
    Scrub Jay
    shaaaaack (drawn-out; grating)
    zreeeeek
    
    Seaside Sparrow
    chup-chup-tzeeee
    
    Sedge Wren
    chip; chip or chip; chip; chrrrrr-rrr
    
    Semipalmated Plover
    chureee!
    churrrk (burry)
    
    Sharp-tailed Sparrow
    tee-shaay (raspy)
    
    Short-billed Dowitcher
    tu-tu-tu (in flight - may be repeated)
    
    Solitary Sandpiper
    peet-weet-weet or peet
    
    Solitary Vireo
    chu-whee; cheer-ee-oh
    Come here Jimmy quickly
    
    Song Sparrow
    Maids-maids-maids-put-on-your-tea-kettle-ettle-ettle
    Hip; hip; hip hurrah boys; spring is here!
    Madge; Madge; Madge pick beetles off; the water's hot
    
    Sora
    ker-wee   ker-wee(descending whinny)
    
    Spotted Sandpiper
    peet-peet-peet-peet 
    weet-weet-weet-weet 
    
    Sprague's Pipit
    ching-a-ring-a-ring-a-ring-a-ring-a-ring-a  (descending)
    
    Starling
    wolf-whistle (breathy)
    
    Steller's Jay
    shaaaaack (drawn-out; grating)
    shook-shook-shook-shook-shook 
    
    Summer Tanager
    cheer-up; cheer-a-lee (bouncy - musical)
    
    Summer Tanager
    piky-tucky-tuck or pik-a-tuck
    
    Swainson's Hawk
    kreeeeeeeeeerr (drawn-out; shrill; plaintive)
    
    Swainson's Thrush
    rurrip; rurrip   whit; whit
    
    Swainson's Warbler
    whee; whee; whee whip-poor-will
    
    Swamp Sparrow
    chipping trill (slower; staccato)
    
    Tennessee Warbler
    tika-tika-tika; swee-swee-swee; chay-chay-chay
    
    Tufted Titmouse
    cheeva; cheeva; cheeva fer-da; fer-da; fer-da 
    here; here; here peter-peter-peter- 
    
    Tundra Swan
    woo-ho and woo-woo
    
    Upland Sandpiper
    ch-wut wolf-whistle (long; drawn-out)
    
    Varied Thrush
    chyup
    
    Veery
    veer-veer-veer-veer- (ethereal)
    
    Vesper Sparrow
    like Song Sparrow; but lower; more guttural
    Listen to my evening sing-ing-ing-ing
    here-here; where-where; all-together-down-the-hill
    
    Virginia Rail
    ki-dik; ki-dik; ki-dik
    tic-tic-mcgreer
    
    Warbling Vireo
    warbled phrases (complicated)
    If I sees you; I will seize you; and I'll squeeze you till you squirt (to a caterpillar)
    brigadier; brigadier; briga-tee
    
    Western Bluebird
    few (sofly)
    
    Western Grebe
    krik-krik
    
    Western Kingbird
    kit
    
    Western Kingbird
    whit; whit; whit
    
    Western Meadowlark
    flute-like; 7-10 gurgling notes
    
    Western Screech-Owl
    accelerating hollow whistles; constant pitch
    
    Western Tanager
    pri-di-dik
    
    Western Towhee
    chup-chup-zeeee!
    
    Western Wood Pewee
    peeer (burry)
    
    Whimbrel
    ti-ti-ti-ti-ti-ti (clear; 5-7; rapid pace)
    whistled notes - clear; 5-7; rapid pace
    
    Whippoorwill
    whip-poor-will
    
    White-breasted Nuthatch
    anh-anh-anh-anh- (nasally)
    tooy-tooy-tooy-tooy
    wee-wee-wee-wee-who-who-who-who-
    
    White-crowned Sparrow
    more; more; more cheezies; please pink (loudly)
    tseeeep (thin)
    
    White-eyed Vireo
    chick; per-wee-tee-o; chick or chick-per-wee-o
    Quick give me a rain check
    Spit and see if I care; spit!
    
    White-throated Sparrow
    O Sweet Canada; Canada; Canada
    O-san-pibbity-pibbity-pibbity
    
    White-throated Swift
    je-je-je-je-je-je-je- (shrill; excited)
    
    Whooping Crane
    ker-laa; ker-laa (second note higher-pitched)
    
    Wild Turkey
    gobble-gobble-gobble-
    
    Willet
    pill-will-willet
    
    Willow Flycatcher
    fitz-bew (burry)
    
    Wilson's Warbler
    chee-chee-chee; chet-chet-chet-chet
    
    Winter Wren
    varied; complicated; bubbly and busy
    
    Wood Duck
    jeeeeeeee!
    !-sliding (hp) whistle
    whoo-eek (breathy; whistley)
    
    Wood Thrush
    chk-chk-chk (dry-subtle)
    ra-vi-o-li (flute-like)
    ee-oh-lay (flute-like - last note trilly)
    ra-vi-o-li (flute-like)
    oo-duh-lay-oh or oodle-drrrr (last note trilly)
    fweet-fweet-fweet (rapid-fire)
    
    Worm-eating Warbler
    trill (very rapid; even; mechanical)
    
    Yellow Rail
    click click (typewriter-like)
    tik-tik; tik-tik-tik; (2-3 rhythm; repeated)
    
    Yellow Warbler
    sweet; sweet; sweet; little-more-sweet
    
    Yellow-bellied Flycatcher
    chu-wee; chu-wee
    killik
    
    Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
    meeew (whiny; nasal)
    
    Yellow-billed Cuckoo
    hoo-luh; hoo-luh; hoo-luh (1/sec; broken)
    ka-ka-ka-  kowp-kowp-kowp
    
    Yellow-breasted Chat
    whoit (whistled)
    wit; wit; wit or chak; chak; chak
    
    Yellow-headed Blackbird
    hoarse; raspy notes and phrases
    
    Yellow-rumped Warbler
    trill in two parts, 2nd higher or lower in pitch
    trill (weak; unvaried)
    
    Yellow-throated Vireo
    three-Ay; three-Ay
    
    Yellow-throated Warbler
    tsyoo-tsyoo-tsyoo-tsyoo  -tswee