Paper Archive

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Radical Lexicalism. In Alternative Conceptions of Phrase Structure, Mark R. Baltin and Anthony S. Kroch (eds.), pages 43-65, University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1989.

(with Annie Zaenen) Morphological Non-distinctiveness and Coordination. ESCOL'84: Papers from the Eastern States Conference on Linguistics, 1, 309-320, Columbus, Ohio 1984.

(with Auli Hakulinen) Missing Persons: On Generic Sentences in Finnish. CLS9: Papers from the Ninth Regional Meeting, 157-71, Chicago Linguistic Society, Chicago 1973.

On the Syntax and Semantics of the Word paljon in Finnish. In Congressus Tertius Internationalis Fenno-Ugristarum, Tallinn 1970, Part I, Acta Linguistica, 227-35, Valgus, Tallinn 1975.

(with Frances Karttunen) The Clitic -kin/-kaan in Finnish. Texas Linguistic Forum, 5, 89-118, Papers from the Transatlantic Finnish Conference, Department of Linguistics, University of Texas, Austin 1976.

(with Stanley PetersInterrogative Quantifiers. In Time, Tense, and Quantifiers, 181-205, Christian Rohrer (ed.), Niemeyer, Tuebingen 1980.


Pronouns and Variables. In The Prodeedings of the  Fifth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, 108-116, 1969.

Discourse Referents. In Syntax and Semantics 7: Notes from the Linguistic Underground, 363-85, J. D. McCawley (ed.), Academic Press, New York 1976. The first version of this paper was presented at Coling-69 in Sweden and became a chapter in my 1969 Indiana University Ph.D. dissertation on Problems of Reference in Syntax.

Definite Descriptions with Crossing Coreference: A study of the Bach-Peters Paradox. Foundations of Language 7 157-82, 1971. Another chapter in my 1969 Indiana University Ph.D. dissertation on Problems of Reference in Syntax.

Whichever antecedent. in The CLS Book of Squibs, 60-61, Chicago Linguistic Society, Chicago, 1977.


Subjunctive Conditionals and Polarity Reversals. Papers in Linguistics 4:2 279-298, 1971.

Some Observations on Factivity. Papers in Linguistics 4:1 55-69, 1971.

Counterfactual conditionals. Linguistic Inquiry 2:4 566-569, 1971.

Implicative Verbs. Language 47:2 340-358, 1971.

Possible and must. In Syntax and Semantics 1, 1-20, J. Kimball (ed.), Academic Press, New York 1972.

Presuppositions of Compound Sentences. Linguistic Inquiry 4:2 169-193. 1973.

Until. CLS 10: Papers from the Tenth Regional Meeting, 284-97, Chicago Linguistic Society, Chicago 1974.

On Pragmatic and Semantic Aspects of Meaning. Texas Linguistic Forum, 1, 51-64, Department of Linguistics, University of  Texas, Austin, 1975.

(with Stanley PetersWhat Indirect Questions Conventionally Implicate, in CLS 12, 351-368. Chicago Linguistic Society, Chicago, 1976.

(with Stanley PetersConversational Implicature in Montague Grammar, in BLS 1, pp. 266-278. Berkeley Linguistics Society, Berkeley, 1975.

(with Stanley PetersRequiem for Presupposition, in BLS 3, pp. 360-371. Berkeley Linguistics Society, Berkeley, 1977.

(with Frances Karttunen) Even Questions. NELS 7: Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Meeting of the North Eastern Linguistic Society, 115-34, MIT, Cambridge 1977.

To doubt whether. In The CLS Book of Squibs, 58-59, Chicago Linguistic Society, Chicago 1977.

Two-Level Morphology

Texas Linguistic Forum, Vol. 22, 1983 A special issue on Two-level morphology introducing the KIMMO system.

(with Kimmo Koskenniemi and Ronald M. Kaplan) A Compiler for Two-level Phonological Rules. In Dalrymple, M. et al. Tools for Morphological Analysis. Report CSLI-87-108.  Center for the Study of Language and Information.  Stanford University. 1987.

Finite-State Constraints. In the Proceedings of the International Conference on Current Issues in Computational Linguistics, June 10-14, 1991. Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia. Also in The Last Phonological Rule. J. Goldsmith (ed.), pages 173-194, University of Chicago Press, 1993.

(with Romald M. Kaplan and Annie Zaenen ) Two-Level Morphology with Composition.Coling-92, I, pages 141-148. Nantes, France.

Constructing Lexical Transducers. In The Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Conference on Computational Linguistics. Coling 94, I, pages 406-411, Kyoto, Japan.

Finite-State Technology

Applications of Finite-State Transducers in Natural Language Processing. In Implementation and Application of Automata, Yu, S. and Paun, A. (eds.). Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 2088, pages 34-46,  Springer Verlag, Heidelberg, 2001.

(with Kenneth R. Beesley) A Short History of Two-Level Morphology. Presented at the ESSLLI-2001 Special Event titled "Twenty Years of Finite-State Morphology." Aug. 23, 2001, Helsinki, Finland.

(with Kenneth R. Beesley) Finite-State Non-Concatenative Morphotactics. In The Proceedings of SIGPHON-2000. Fifth Workshop of the ACL Special Interest Group in Computational Phonology, Aug. 6, 2000, pages 1-12, Centre Universitaire, Luxembourg.

The Proper Treatment of Optimality in Computational Phonology. In The Proceedings of FSMNLP'98.International Workshop on Finite-State Methods in Natural Language Processing, June 29-July 1, 1998, pages 1-12, Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey.

A Finite-State Approximation of Optimality Theory: the Case of Finnish Prosody. In Advances in Natural Language Processing, FinTAL 2006, LNA 4139, T. Salakoski, F. Ginter, S. Pyysalo, T. Pahikkala (Eds.), pages 4-15, Springer, Berlin, 2006.

The Replace Operator. In The Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics. ACL-95, pages 16-23, Boston, Massachusetts.

Directed Replacement. In The Proceedings of the 34rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics. ACL-96, Santa Cruz, California.

(with J-P. Chanod, G. Grefenstette, A. Schiller) Regular Expressions for Language Engineering.Natural Language Engineering2(4) 305-328.


Features and Values. In The Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computational Linguistics. Coling 84, pages 28-33, Stanford, California.

(with Martin Kay) Parsing in a free word order language. In Natural language parsing, Psychological, computational, and theoretical prespectives, David R. Dowty, Lauri Karttunen and Arnold Zwicky (eds.), 279-306, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1985.

(with Martin Kay) Structure Sharing with Binary Trees.  In The Proceedings of the 23rd Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 133-136, Chicago, IL, 1985.

D-PATR: A Development Environment for Unification-Based Grammars. In The Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Coling‘86, Volume 1, 74-80.

Translating from English to Logic in Tarski's World. Journal of Information Science and Engineering, Volume 5:4, 323-348. 1989.

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