Cyclops USA

An eye for lies and a tooth for truth


Cyclops USA is an irregular journal of bicycle racing and governance. It attempts to advance the sport of cycling by analyzing the forces that shape it and the inevitable corruption that creeps into the governance process.  It originated during the editor’s tenure on the board of directors of the United States Cycling Federation (USCF) and its committees (1977-1999) and has continued since his successful lawsuits against its successor, USA Cycling, which unfortunately remains rather corrupt.


Cyclops USA is an aperiodical -- publi­cation dates are determined on the same basis as our office cleaning: we do it whenever enough dirt accumu­lates. This web site is under construction and, over time, will include both new articles and additional older ones. Early articles were originally published in printed form, facilitated by the editor’s invention of the spelling checker in 1961 and by his1981 introduction, while founding CEO of IMAGEN Corporation, of desktop publishing systems using laser printers.


Editor: Les Earnest (les at

Liability Press, Los Altos Hills, California


July 2014

 Les Earnest, Postal Doping. Happily, an increasing number of bike races are being conducted without USA Cycling (USAC) permits though USAC is threatening to crack down on this. Meanwhile Inga Thompson, a top level racer in the 1980s to 1993, is speaking out on the corrupt attempts to force her into blood doping by the same people who are still running USAC.

January 2013

Les Earnest, Doping is just part of the problem. The fact that Lance Armstrong and his colleagues were able to engage in blood doping for years without getting caught is a symptom of a more fundamental problem, namely corruption at the highest levels of our national sports organizations.


U.S. Congress, Ted Stevens Olympic and Amateur Sports Act, 1998. This Federal Law charters and grants monopoly status to the United States Olympic Committee and specifies requirements for its National Governing Bodies that control access to international competition in all Olympic sports. It replaced the 1978 Amateur Sports Act so as to accommodate the admission of professional athletes to the Olympics that began in the 1990s.


December 2012

Maciek Romanowicz, Lance Armstrong: A Greedy Doper or an Innocent Victim? 2012 December. Those who have admired Lance Armstrong for his accomplishments in overcoming medical adversity to achieve international fame as a cyclist are dismayed by recent revelations.


Matt Smith, Tour de Farce, SFWeekly, 2005 Sept. 7. Lance Armstrong’s doping and his strong ties to San Francisco investment banker Thom Weisel are actually old news, as this 2005 article indicates.


January 2010

Joe Papp, The Toll of Doping - was it worth it? Doping can ruin your life – and that’s the message I have for young athletes who might face similar choices.

March 2009

An Introduction to Bicycle Road Racing by Charles Howe

Slide shows on racing objectives, rules, tactics, hazards, physics, sociology and organizations: Parts 1  2  3 4

History and Lore:  Classic RacesWomen led the Way , Contemporary Challenges


February 2009

Nevada City Classic by Charles Howe

Fans of this great race have been treated to many spectacular and thrilling exploits since 1961. The history of the Classic reads like a movie script sprung from some Hollywood writer’s imagination, but it isn’t – it all really did happen, and that makes its tradition one of the richest of all sports.


August 2004

Why was cycling not included in the ancient Olympics? by Les Earnest

The first proto-bicycle appeared at the beginning of the 19th Century but should have been invented thousands of years earlier.  Had that happened, world history would have been considerably different.


July 2004

Le Tour Trilogy by Charles Howe

Three articles review events that led to the inaugural Tour de France and the pivotal races of 1964 and 1975.

The Great Moral Crusade of Cycle-Sport”

The inaugural Tour de France was a byproduct of a feud between two French newspapers that started with a political scandal.

The Greatest Bike Race – Ever

With apologies to Mr. LeMond, this one was even better than '89

The Fall of King Eddy

Merckx stood as tall in defeat as he ever did in victory


September 1989

The Brain Bucket Bash by Les Earnest

On January 1, 1986, the U.S. Cycling Federation became the first national or international bicycle racing organization to adopt a strong helmet rule. This happened in spite of cycling traditions, rider apathy, and political chicanery by officers and directors. It was made possible by a timely mishap.


Tradition usually takes precedence over common sense

1985 report

There are many reasons for not wearing a safe helmet

The big decision

The adoption of a strong helmet rule was aided by timely misfortune

Numbers count by Bigg Byrd

The lessons of Sesame Street are yet to be learned


January 1989

Growing richer blood

Advocates investigation of EPO as an alternative to other blood boosting schemes.

BOOK REVIEW: Dave Prouty’s In spite of us

Cycling's old guard takes a licking but keeps on ticking.


October 1988

Paper Tigers

The United States Cycling Federation has a longer history of voting fraud than most Third World countries.


August 1988

What makes cycling grow?

The number of cyclists is cyclic. The reasons are enigmatic.

Who will control cycling in 2001?

USCF has held power for 47 years. Will there be a successor soon?

Officer Rupp, Living Legend

Protecting the roads against cyclists is a tough job, but Rupp does it.

Coors is safer than tea

Alexi Grewal won a gold medal in cycling at the Los Angeles Olympic Games shortly after admitting that he took ephedrine during an international stage race. This was facilitated by U.S. Olympic Committee and cycling officials who had a conflict of interest that would not be fixed for another 16 years. A number of other political machinations were also involved.

Blood dopes of the 1984 Olympic Games

Blood transfusions that were unethically administered to U.S. cyclists during the Olympics probably didn’t improve their performance but might have serious medical consequences later.


April 1985


Rolling Stone magazine and others publicly denounced blood doping that occurred during the 1984 Olympics. However, the Stone’s claims were mostly fabricated in spite of the fact that they had accurate inside information.

Please be polite!

U.S. cycling coach defends blood doping.


January 1985

About Cyclops USA

How Cyclops USA began as an aperiodical muckraking journal.

Cardiovascular capers

How the threat of terrorism was used to justify illicit blood testing during the 1984 Olympic Games.

Blood bath

How blood boosting became established in the United States Tiddlywinks Federation.


January 1979

Springer bounces back

Chris Springer was a four time national champion as a Junior when he came to the starting line at the 1978 National Road Race Championships in Milwaukee to defend his title. He was a contemporary of Greg Lemond and used to beat him often with his superior sprint. However he was barred from racing by the chief official for unstated reasons. This led to turning points for both Chris and the author.