Pongratz, J., D. B. Lobell, L. Cao, , and K. Caldeira (2012), Crop yields in a geoengineered climate, Nature Climatic Change , doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1373 (pdf)


Devaraju, N., L. Cao, , G. Bala, K. Caldeira, and R. Nemani (2011), A model investigation of vegetation-atmosphere interactions on a millennial timescale, Biogeosciences ,doi:10.5194/bg-8-3677-2011 (pdf)

Gopalakrishnan R., G. Bala, M. Jayaraman, L. Cao, , R. Nemani and N.H. Ravindranath (2011), Sensitivity of terrestrial water and energy budgets to CO2-physiological forcing: an investigation using an offline land model, Enviromental Research Letters ,doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/6/4/044013 (pdf)

Ban-Weiss, G., G. Bala. L., Cao, , J. Pongratz, and K. Caldeira (2011), Climate forcing and response to idealized changes in surface latent and sensible heat, Enviromental Research Letters , doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/3/034032 (pdf)

Ban-Weiss, G. L., Cao, , G. Bala, and K. Caldeira (2011), Dependence of climate forcing and response on the altitude of black carbon aerosols, Climate Dynamics , doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1052-y (pdf)

Cao, L., , G. Bala, and K. Caldeira (2011), Why is there a short-term increase in global precipitation in response to diminished CO2 forcing?, Geophysical Research Letters doi:10.1029/2011GL046713.. (pdf)


Cao, L., and K. Caldeira (2010), Atmospheric carbon dioxide removal: long-term consequences and commitment, Environmental Research Letters 5,  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/5/2/024011. (pdf)

G. Bala, K. Caldeira, R. Nemani L. Cao , G. Ban-Weiss, H.J. Shin (2010), Albedo enhancement of marine clouds to counteract global warming: impacts on the hydrological cycle, Climate dynamics, DOI 10.1007/s00382-010-0868-1 (pdf)

Kenneth R. N. Anthony, J. Maynard, G. Diaz-Pulido, P.J. Mumby, P.A. Marshall, L. Cao, and O. Hoegh-Guldberg (2010), Ocean acidification and warming will lower coral reef resilience, Global Change Biology, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02364.x (pdf)

Ray G Anderson, J.G. Canadell, J. T Randerson, R.B Jackson, B. A Hungate,D. D Baldocchi, G. A Ban-Weiss, G. B Bonan, K. Caldeira, L. Cao ,N. S Diffenbaugh, K. R Gurney, L. M Kueppers, B. E Law, S. Luyssaert, and T. L O’Halloran (2010), Biophysical considerations in forestry for climate protection, Front Ecol Environ doi:10.1890/090179 (pdf)

Cao, L., , G. Bala, K. Caldeira, R. Nemani, and G. Ban-Weiss (2010), Importance of carbon dioxide physiological forcing to future climate change, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, DOI 10.1073/pnas.0913000107. (pdf)

Cao, L., and K. Caldeira (2010), Can ocean iron fertilization mitigate ocean acidification? Climatic change, DOI 10.1007/s10584-010-9799-4. (pdf)


Matthews, D. L. Cao, and K. Caldeira (2009), Sensitivity of ocean acidification to geoengineered climate stabilization, Geophysical. Research Letters, L10706, doi:10.1029/2009GL037488. (pdf)

Cao, L., , G. Bala, R. Nemani, K. Caldeira and G. Ban-Weiss (2009), Climate response to physiological forcing of carbon dioxide simulated by the coupled Community Atmosphere Model (CAM3.1) and Community Land Model (CLM3.0), Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L10402, doi:10.1029/2009GL037724. (pdf)

Archer, D. M. Eby, V. Brovkin, A. Ridgwell, L. Cao , U. Mikolajewicz, K. Caldeira, K. Matsumoto, G. Munhoven, A. Montenegro, K. Tokos, Atmospheric lifetime of anthropogenic carbon dioxide, Annual reviews of Earth and Planetary Sciences , 37, 117-34 (pdf)

Cao, L. , M. Eby, A. Ridgwell, K. Caldeira, D. Archer, A. Ishida, F. Joos,K. Matsumoto, U. Mikolajewicz, A. Mouchet, J. C. Orr, G.-K. Plattner, R. Schlitzer, K. Tokos, I. Totterdell, T. Tschumi, Y. Yamanaka, and A. Yool (2009) , The role of ocean transport in the uptake of anthropogenic CO2, Biogeosciences , 6, 375-390. (pdf)

Silverman, J., B., Lazar, L. Cao , K. Caldeira, and J. Erez (2009), Coral reefs may start dissolving when atmospheric CO2 doubles, Geophysical Research Letters. , 36, L05606, doi:10.1029/2008GL036282. (pdf)


Cao, L. , and K. Caldeira (2008), Atmospheric CO2 stabilization and ocean acidification, Geophysical. Research. Letters. doi:10.1029/2008GL035072. (pdf)

Cao, L , A. K. Jain (2008), Learning about the ocean carbon cycle from observational constraints and model simulation of multiple tracers, Climatic Change. , doi 10.1007/s10584-008-9421-1. (pdf)

Caldeira K, D Archer, JP Barry, RGJ Bellerby, PG Brewer, L Cao , AG Dickson, SC Doney, H Elderfield, VJ Fabry, RA Feely, J-P Gattuso, PM Haugan, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, AK Jain, JA Kleypas, C Langdon, JC Orr, A Ridgwell, CL Sabine, BA Seibel, Y Shirayama, C Turley, AJ Watson, RE Zeebe (2007), Comment on 'Modern-age buildup of CO2 and its effects on seawater acidity and salinity', Geophysical. Research. Letters.,34, L18608, doi:10.1029/2006GL027288. (pdf)

Cao, L , K. Caldeira, and A. K. Jain (2007), Effects of carbon dioxide and climate change on ocean acidification and carbonate mineral saturation, Geophysical. Research. Letters., 34, L05607, doi:10.1029/2006GL028605. (pdf) (Nature Highlights Sea change )

Cao, L., , and A. K. Jain (2005), An earth system model of intermediate complexity: simulation of the role of ocean mixing parameterizations and climate change in estimated uptake for natural and bomb radiocarbon and anthropogenic CO2, Journal of Geophysical Research (Oceans). , 110, C09002, doi:10.1029/2005JC002919. (pdf)

Jain, A. K., and L. Cao (2005): Assessing the effectiveness of direct injection for ocean carbon sequestration under the influence of climate change, Geophysical. Research. Letters., 32,L09609, doi:10.1029/2005GL022818. (pdf)

Mueller, K., L. Cao , K. Caldeira, and A. Jain (2004), Differing methods of accounting ocean carbon sequestration efficiency, Journal of Geophysical Research (Oceans)., 109, C12018, doi:10.1029/2003JC002252. (pdf)