int DB_ENV->set_cachesize(DB_ENV *dbenv, u_int32_t gbytes, u_int32_t bytes, int ncache);
Set the size of the shared memory buffer pool -- that is, the cache -- to gbytes gigabytes plus bytes. The cache should be the size of the normal working data set of the application, with some small amount of additional memory for unusual situations. (Note: the working set is not the same as the number of pages accessed simultaneously, and should be quite a bit larger!)
The default cache size is 256KB, and may not be specified as less than 20KB. Any cache size less than 500MB is automatically increased by 25% to account for buffer pool overhead; cache sizes larger than 500MB are used as specified. The current maximum size of a single cache is 4GB. For information on tuning the Berkeley DB cache size, see Selecting a cache size.
It is possible to specify caches to Berkeley DB that are large enough so that they cannot be allocated contiguously on some architectures. For example, some releases of Solaris limit the amount of memory that may be allocated contiguously by a process. If ncache is 0 or 1, the cache will be allocated contiguously in memory. If it is greater than 1, the cache will be broken up into ncache equally sized, separate pieces of memory.
The DB_ENV->set_cachesize method configures a database environment, not only operations performed using the specified DB_ENV handle.
The DB_ENV->set_cachesize interface may not be called after the DB_ENV->open interface is called. If the database environment already exists when DB_ENV->open is called, the information specified to DB_ENV->set_cachesize will be ignored.
The DB_ENV->set_cachesize method returns a non-zero error value on failure and 0 on success.
The database environment's cache size may also be set using the environment's DB_CONFIG file. The syntax of the entry in that file is a single line with the string "set_cachesize", one or more whitespace characters, and the three arguments specified to this interface, separated by whitespace characters, for example, "set_cachesize 1 500 2". Because the DB_CONFIG file is read when the database environment is opened, it will silently overrule configuration done before that time.
The DB_ENV->set_cachesize method may fail and return a non-zero error for the following conditions:
The specified cache size was impossibly small.
Called after DB_ENV->open was called.
The DB_ENV->set_cachesize method may fail and return a non-zero error for errors specified for other Berkeley DB and C library or system functions. If a catastrophic error has occurred, the DB_ENV->set_cachesize method may fail and return DB_RUNRECOVERY, in which case all subsequent Berkeley DB calls will fail in the same way.
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