int DB_ENV->set_shm_key(DB_ENV *dbenv, long shm_key);
Specify a base segment ID for Berkeley DB environment shared memory regions created in system memory on VxWorks or systems supporting X/Open-style shared memory interfaces; for example, UNIX systems supporting shmget(2) and related System V IPC interfaces.
This base segment ID will be used when Berkeley DB shared memory regions are first created. It will be incremented a small integer value each time a new shared memory region is created; that is, if the base ID is 35, the first shared memory region created will have a segment ID of 35, and the next one will have a segment ID between 36 and 40 or so. A Berkeley DB environment always creates a master shared memory region; an additional shared memory region for each of the subsystems supported by the environment (Locking, Logging, Memory Pool and Transaction); plus an additional shared memory region for each additional memory pool cache that is supported. Already existing regions with the same segment IDs will be removed. See Shared Memory Regions for more information.
The intent behind this interface is two-fold: without it, applications have no way to ensure that two Berkeley DB applications don't attempt to use the same segment IDs when creating different Berkeley DB environments. In addition, by using the same segment IDs each time the environment is created, previously created segments will be removed, and the set of segments on the system will not grow without bound.
The DB_ENV->set_shm_key method configures operations performed using the specified DB_ENV handle, not all operations performed on the underlying database environment.
The DB_ENV->set_shm_key interface may not be called after the DB_ENV->open interface is called. If the database environment already exists when DB_ENV->open is called, the information specified to DB_ENV->set_shm_key must be consistent with the existing environment or corruption can occur.
The DB_ENV->set_shm_key method returns a non-zero error value on failure and 0 on success.
The database environment's base segment ID may also be set using the environment's DB_CONFIG file. The syntax of the entry in that file is a single line with the string "set_shm_key", one or more whitespace characters, and the ID. Because the DB_CONFIG file is read when the database environment is opened, it will silently overrule configuration done before that time.
The DB_ENV->set_shm_key method may fail and return a non-zero error for the following conditions:
Called after DB_ENV->open was called.
The DB_ENV->set_shm_key method may fail and return a non-zero error for errors specified for other Berkeley DB and C library or system functions. If a catastrophic error has occurred, the DB_ENV->set_shm_key method may fail and return DB_RUNRECOVERY, in which case all subsequent Berkeley DB calls will fail in the same way.
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