General References

Cohen, Jonathan and Powderly, William G. 2004. Infectious Diseases. 2nd ed. Mosby.

John, David T. and Petri, William A. 2006. Markell and Voge's Medical Parasitology. 9th ed. St. Louis: Elsevier Inc.

Mandell, Gerald L.; Bennett, John E. and Dolin, Raphael. 2005. Mandell, Douglas and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone, An Imprint of Elsevier.

Primary Reference

Press, Cynthia; Montoya, Jose G. and Remington, Jack S. Use of a Single Serum Sample for Diagnosis of Acute Toxoplasmosis in Pregnant Women and Other Adults. J Clin Microbiology 2005;43(7):3481-3483.

Image References

Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control. DPDx Image Library. Accessed 2006 May 24. URL:


Last Update: 24 May 2006