Real People

Kidney Transplantation: Past, Present, and Future


Welcome to a transplantation extravaganza! This site was made as a final project for a class of mine entitled, The Rise of Scientific Medicine taught by Timothy Lenoir at Stanford University.

The purpose of this site is to introduce readers to the evolution of kidney transplantation, the current research and horizons, and the ethical implications of such a procedure.

 This site highlights transplantation from five perspectives:

Historical - the pioneers of transplantation who, what, and how

Real People - these are two case studies of of people who experienced living related kidney transplants

Process - what exactly goes in before, during, and after a kidney transplant? This section tells us.

Future - This section deals extensively with a new horizon in transplantation XENOTRANSPLANTATION (using animal organs in humans)

Ethics - this section challenges us to think about the issues surrounding transplantation.


This site would not have been possible without the help of two people. Dr. Timothy Lenoir, PhD, my advisor and professor overseeing this project provided the use of his computer equipment and software and valuable advice throughout the project.

Dr. Edward Alfrey, MD Assistant Professor of Surgery and transplant surgeon at Stanford University provided the refrences, expertise, and current information that made this site possible.

 Thank you for browsing this site. If you have any questions, comments, or other remarks, please email me at


-Megan Fix


 [Home] [History] [Real People] [Process] [Xeno] [Ethics] [Links]