Benjamin, Walter
  Bismarck, Otto v.
  Brecht, Bertolt
  Celan, Paul
  Döblin, Alfred
  Fontane, Theodor
  Grosz, George
  Grünbein, Durs
  Heartfield, John
  Honigmann, Barbara
  Isherwood, Christopher
  Johnson, Uwe
  Kleist, Heinrich v.
  Kollwitz, Käthe
  Kracauer, Siegfried
  Lang, Fritz
  Lasker-Schüler, Else
  Liebermann, Max
  Liebknecht, Karl
  Luxemburg, Rosa
  Marc, Franz
  Ossietzky, Carl v.
  Riefenstahl, Leni
  Ruttmann, Walther
  Schinkel, Karl Friedrich
  Speer, Albert
  Tieck, Ludwig
  Tucholsky, Kurt
  Ury, Lesser
  Varnhagen, Rahel
  Wenders, Wim


Heartfield, John

b. June 19, 1891, Berlin
d. April 26, 1968, Berlin

pseudonym of Helmut Herzfelde--the greatest master of photomontage, claimed that the origin of the technique lay in postcards that he and his friend the German artist George Grosz sent to friends at the front during World War I.

Heartfield's photomontages, which were published weekly, first in Berlin and later in Prague, between 1929 and 1938, have a savage quality. Violent contrasts of the scale and perspective of the image elements, the ruthless cropping of heads and bodies, the substitution of machine parts for vital organs, and other seeming illogical juxtapositions, were carefully calculated to have a shock effect. Heartfield's anti-Fascist montages were among the strongest protests made by any visual artist.


"photography" Encyclopædia Britannica Online.


Heartfield's biography in German
Heartfield versus Hitler
Heartfield's Life and Work
Photos as Weapons: John Heartfield