Benjamin, Walter
  Bismarck, Otto v.
  Brecht, Bertolt
  Celan, Paul
  Döblin, Alfred
  Fontane, Theodor
  Grosz, George
  Grünbein, Durs
  Heartfield, John
  Honigmann, Barbara
  Isherwood, Christopher
  Johnson, Uwe
  Kleist, Heinrich v.
  Kollwitz, Käthe
  Kracauer, Siegfried
  Lang, Fritz
  Lasker-Schüler, Else
  Liebermann, Max
  Liebknecht, Karl
  Luxemburg, Rosa
  Marc, Franz
  Ossietzky, Carl v.
  Riefenstahl, Leni
  Ruttmann, Walther
  Schinkel, Karl Friedrich
  Speer, Albert
  Tieck, Ludwig
  Tucholsky, Kurt
  Ury, Lesser
  Varnhagen, Rahel
  Wenders, Wim


Varnhagen von Ense, Rahel

nee Levin
b. May 19, 1771, Berlin, Prussia
d. March 7, 1833, Berlin

German literary hostess from early in the 19th century whose soirees were attended by many of the Romantics, notably Heinrich Heine.

Rahel was from a wealthy Jewish family of Berlin. Her brother Ludwig Robert was a minor playwright. Literary salons presided over by such women as Henriette Herz and Rahel Levin became the centres of social activity for writers and their followers in Berlin. A sudden loss of fortune in 1806 interrupted Rahel's salon activity, but she was able to resume it after she met Karl August Varnhagen von Ense, a minor writer and literary personality, in 1808. They were married in 1814. In 1819 he was dismissed from the diplomatic service because of his liberal politics, and the family returned to Berlin, where Rahel's salon regained its prominence. Many of Rahel Varnhagen's letters were published in 1967. Her husband brought out a collection of her writings, Rahel: Ein Buch des Andenkens für ihre Freunde, 3 vol. (1834, reprinted 1971; "Rahel: A Book of Memories for Her Friends").


"Varnhagen von Ense, Rahel" Encyclopædia Britannica Online.