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This archived information is dated to the 2008-09 academic year only and may no longer be current.

For currently applicable policies and information, see the current Stanford Bulletin.

Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Environment and Resources (IPER)

Director: Gretchen C. Daily (through December 2008); Peter Vitousek (effective January 2009)

Associate Director: Helen J. Doyle

Faculty: Nicole Ardoin (Education, Woods Institute for the Environment), Kevin Arrigo (Environmental Earth System Science), Kenneth J. Arrow (Economics, emeritus), Gregory Asner (Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution), Shilajeet Banerjee (Mechanical Engineering), William Barnett (Business), Sally M. Benson (Energy Resources Engineering, Global Climate and Energy Program), Barbara Block (Biology), Alexandria Boehm (Civil and Environmental Engineering), Carol Boggs (Biology), Jef Caers (Energy Resources Engineering), Margaret Caldwell (Law), Page Chamberlain (Environmental Earth System Science), Joshua Cohen (Political Science), Gretchen C. Daily (Biology), Jennifer Davis (Civil and Environmental Engineering, Woods Institute for the Environment), Robert B. Dunbar (Environmental Earth System Science), William H. Durham (Anthropology), Anne Ehrlich (Biology), Paul Ehrlich (Biology), Gary Ernst (Geological and Environmental Sciences, emeritus), Walter Falcon (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, emeritus), Scott Fendorf (Environmental Earth System Science), Christopher B. Field (Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution), Zephyr Frank (History), David Freyberg (Civil and Environmental Engineering), Oliver Fringer (Civil and Environmental Engineering), Margot Gerritsen (Energy Resources Engineering), Steven Gorelick (Environmental Earth System Science), Lawrence Goulder (Economics), Elizabeth Hadly (Biology), Ursula Heise (English), Thomas Heller (Law), Henning Hillmann (Sociology), Dominique Irvine (Anthropology), Mark Jacobson (Civil and Environmental Engineering), James Holland Jones (Anthropology, Woods Institute for the Environment), Terry Karl (Political Science), David Kennedy (History), Donald Kennedy (Biology, emeritus), Herve Kieffel (Management Science and Engineering), Jeffrey Koseff (Civil and Environmental Engineering, Woods Institute for the Environment), Anthony Kovscek (Energy Resources Engineering), Raymond Levitt (Civil and Environmental Engineering), Richard Luthy (Civil and Environmental Engineering), Pamela Matson (Dean, School of Earth Sciences), Douglas McAdam (Sociology), Monica McDermott (Sociology), Lynn Meskell (Anthropology), Fiorenza Micheli (Biology), Grant Miller (Medicine), Stephen Monismith (Civil and Environmental Engineering), Harold Mooney (Biology), Rosamond Naylor (Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies), Franklin M. Orr, Jr. (Energy Resources Engineering), Leonard Ortolano (Civil and Environmental Engineering), Stephen Palumbi (Biology), Erica Plambeck (Business), Walter W. Powell (Education), Terry L. Root (Woods Institute for the Environment), Debra Satz (Philosophy), Stephen H. Schneider (Biology), Gary Schoolnik (Medicine), Richard Scott (Sociology), James Sweeney (Management Science and Engineering), Barton Thompson (Law, Woods Institute for the Environment), Shripad Tuljapurkar (Biology), David Victor (Law), Peter Vitousek (Biology), Jeremy Weinstein (Political Science), John Weyant (Management Science and Engineering), Richard White (History), Mark Zoback (Geophysics)

Senior Lecturer: Julie Kennedy

Lecturers: Michael Mastrandrea, Kirsten Oleson

Program Offices: Yang and Yamazaki (Y2E2), Suite 226

Mail Code: 4210

Phone: (650) 723-6117


Web Site:

Courses offered by the Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Environment and Resources have the subject code IPER, and are listed in the "Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Environment and Resources [IPER] Courses" section of this bulletin.

The Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Environment and Resources (IPER) is designed to create interdisciplinary scholars and leaders to address the world's most challenging environmental and sustainability challenges. IPER students combine academic disciplines, including natural and earth sciences, engineering, economics, humanities, social sciences, law, health, policy, and business, to yield new insights and novel solutions to urgent global problems, such as energy use, climate change, food security, freshwater availability, depletion of ocean resources, land degradation, and biodiversity loss.

IPER offers a Ph.D. and, for students currently enrolled in Stanford's Graduate School of Business, Stanford Law School, and School of Medicine, a joint degree consisting of an M.S. in Environment and Resources in combination with their professional degree. Both degrees are interdisciplinary, giving students exposure to environmental and sustainability issues and insight into new knowledge, technologies, and policies to help solve these problems. IPER students select classes offered in all seven schools of the University.

IPER faculty and student research and policy efforts address issues such as the science and policy of global climate change, regional security, the mapping and valuation of ecosystem services, energy development, agricultural intensification and variability, characterization and effects of land use change, and conservation finance. Research examples include: an analysis of the economics and eco-hydrological dynamics of water supplies in rapidly growing cities; an investigation of the impact of marine protected areas on the health of fisheries and on the economics of the fishing industry; and a study of the potential role of local transportation policies and incentives in reducing global greenhouse gas emissions. For additional information about IPER student research and other academic and professional activities, see

IPER's affiliated faculty members come from all seven Stanford schools and represent a diversity of environment and sustainability interests and research and policy approaches. More information about individual faculty can be found on the IPER web site (; more details on Stanford's interdisciplinary environmental research and policy work generally can be found on the Woods Institute for the Environment's web site,

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