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Bulletin Archive

This archived information is dated to the 2008-09 academic year only and may no longer be current.

For currently applicable policies and information, see the current Stanford Bulletin.

Graduate courses in History

Primarily for graduate students; undergraduates may enroll with consent of instructor.

HISTORY 237B. Teaching the Unteachable: Teaching and Representing the Holocaust

(Same as EDUC 253X.) Theodore Adorno asked whether it was possible to write poetry after Auschwitz; whatever the answer, each year witnesses exponential growth in state-sponsored mandates to teach the Holocaust. How and to what end does catastrophe become curriculum? How to assess what students learn from these efforts. The Nazis' efforts to teach for hate, and contemporary parallels. Historical and educational sources, especially films and memoirs.

3-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 301. Introduction to Public History in the U.S.,19th Century to the Present

(Same as HISTORY 201.) Gateway course for the History and Public Service interdisciplinary track. Topics include the production, presentation, and practice of public history through narratives, exhibits, web sites, and events in museums, historical sites, parks, and public service settings in nonprofit organizations, government agencies, and educational institutions.

4-5 units, Aut (McKibben, C)

HISTORY 303A. Theories of the State from the Ancient World to the Present

(Same as HISTORY 203A.) The development and contemporary condition of thinking about the state. Philosophic, rhetorical, and historical contexts. Aristotle's Politics; early modern theorists such as Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau; transformations of the idea through the French Revolution by Sieyes and Hegel; and problematizations of the ideas in the last century by Schmidt and Foucault.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 304. Approaches to History

Required of first-year History Ph.D. students.

4-5 units, Aut (Baker, K)

HISTORY 304G. War, Culture, and Society in the Modern Age

(Same as HISTORY 204G.) How Western societies and cultures have responded to modern warfare. The relationship between its destructive capacity and effects on those who produce, are subject to, and must come to terms with its aftermath. Literary representations of WW I; destructive psychological effects of modern warfare including those who take pleasure in killing; changes in relations between the genders; consequences of genocidal ideology and racial prejudice; the theory of just war and its practical implementation; and how wars are commemorated.

5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 305. Graduate Workshop in Teaching

Required of first-year Anthropology Ph.D. students. Teaching, lecturing, and curriculum development.

1 unit, Spr (Kollmann, N)

HISTORY 305B. Quantitative Methods in Historical Research

(Same as HISTORY 205B.) Latest techniques applied to research issues in current historical debates. Preparation of data, processing, statistical procedures to examine theoretical historical issues, and how to present quantitative materials in historical writing. Mathematical or statistical training not required.

4-5 units, Aut (Klein, H)

HISTORY 306E. International History and International Relations Theory

(Same as HISTORY 202, POLISCI 216E, POLISCI 316.) The relationship between history and political science as disciplines. Sources include studies by historians and political scientists on topics such as the origins of WW I, the role of nuclear weapons in international politics, the end of the Cold War, nongovernmental organizations in international relations, and change and continuity in the international system.

5 units, Aut (Holloway, D)

HISTORY 307A. Legal History Workshop

Faculty and students from the Law school and the History department discuss research in the field of legal history. Guest speakers. Secondary literature relevant to the speaker's research. Undergraduates require consent of instructor.

4-5 units, Win (Kessler, A)

HISTORY 308A. Science and Law in History

(Same as HISTORY 208A.) How the intertwined modern fields of science and law, since the early modern period, together developed central notions of fact, evidence, experiment, demonstration, objectivity, and proof.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 308B. Women Activists' Response to War

(Same as HISTORY 208B.) Theoretical issues, historical origins, changing forms of women's activism in response to war throughout the 20th century, and contemporary cases, such as the Russian Committee of Soldiers Mothers, Bosnian Mothers of Srebrenica, Serbian Women in Black, and the American Cindy Sheehan. Focus is on the U.S. and Eastern Europe, with attention to Israel, England, and Argentina.

4-5 units, Spr (Jolluck, K)

HISTORY 309A. Postcolonial Readings: History and Modernity after Europe

Where is the postcolony? How does it come to terms with empire and modernity, its fragmented speech and bodies? Can postcolonial histories be rearranged to critique empire and yet reclaim europe as an ethical other? How postcolonial readings change the ethics and politics of a critique of modernity. Theories of resistance, power, language, archive, and allegory. Tensions among nation, myth, community, and the subject. Eurocentrism in modern thought. What it means to purge Europe from modern consciousness.

4-5 units, Win (Kumar, A)

HISTORY 309E. History Meets Geography

Focus is on developing competence in GIS computer applications and applying it to historical problems. Previous experience with GIS not required. Recommended: complete the GIS tutorial in Branner Library before the course starts.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 309F. Historical Geography Colloquium: Maps in the Early Modern World

The significance of cartographic enterprise across the early modern world. Political, economic, and epistemological imperatives that drove the proliferation of nautical charts, domain surveys, city plans, atlases, and globes; the types of work such artifacts performed for their patrons, viewers, and subjects. Contributions of indigenous knowledge to imperial maps; the career of the map in commerce, surveillance, diplomacy, conquest, and indoctrination. Sources include recent research from Asia, Europe, and the Americas.

3-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 311A. Family, Gender, and Production in Ancient Rome

(Same as CLASSGEN 220.) Seminar. The household as the basic unit of production in Rome in the context of family relations and ideologies of gender. Methodological challenges of doing social and economic history from literary, epigraphic, and literary texts. Demography of family and kinship in ancient Rome. Ideologies of gender and family roles and their influence on economic production. Economic theories of the family and human capital.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 311G. Big Ancient History

(Same as CLASSHIS 312.) How the shift away from thinking about European history in terms of a western civilization model toward embedding it in stories of how global history affects research and teaching on ancient Greece and Rome. Conventional, evolutionary, and global history narratives of the past 5,000 to 15,000 years and some new ideas about how Greco-Roman history might fit into different storylines.

4-5 units, Spr (Morris, I)

HISTORY 312. Holy Wars: Medieval Perspectives

(Same as HISTORY 212.) Cultural and societal factors at play in Christian holy war from late antiquity to the early modern era. Topics include: the Crusades and their meanings; armed struggle against heresy; and the wars of religion. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 313. Core Colloquium in Medieval European History

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 314. Graduate Core Colloquium in Medieval European History

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 316A. Muslims and Infidels: Islam and the Crusades

(Same as HISTORY 216A.) The impact of the Crusades on the Muslim world and consciousness from the Middle Ages and to the present. Primary and secondary sources. Themes include: jihad; cultural interaction between Muslims and Christians in the Holy Land; and military, political, and ideological developments in the 12th and 13th centuries. Modern interpretations and debates about jihadist theology and global jihad.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 317. Medieval Seminar: Classics and Key Works

(Same as HUMNTIES 322.) Colloquium focused on key primary sources that allow entry into Medieval European culture. Readings include: Augustine, On Christian Doctrine; Gregory the Great, Moralia on the Book of Job; Beowulf; the Song of Roland; and Aquinas, Summa Theologica.

3-5 units, Spr (Buc, P)

HISTORY 317A. Poverty and Charity in Medieval Christianity, Judaism, and Islam

(Same as HISTORY 217A.) Topics include: Jewish, Christian, and Islamic theoretical discussions of poverty and charity; normative law versus actual practice; the voice of the poor in available source; and formal and informal institutions of charity in the medieval Mediterranean region.

4-5 units, Aut (Miller, K)

HISTORY 317B. Land of Three Religions: Medieval Spain

(Same as HISTORY 217B.) The history of the Iberian peninsula from the Islamic conquest of 711 to the Christian expulsion of the Jews in 1492. Focus is on forms of confrontation, confluence, and hostile indifference among medieval Jews, Christians, and Muslims. What were undercurrents of aggression that gave rise to persecution of the other; what elements of commonality among groups gave rise to intellectual advancements?

4-5 units, Win (Miller, K)

HISTORY 318A. Muslim Minorities in History

(Same as HISTORY 218A.) Muslim minorities under non-Muslim rule in different historical contexts configurationssuch as enclaves and diasporas, from the Middle Ages to the present.

4-5 units, Win (Miller, K)

HISTORY 321B. Imperial Russian Historiography

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 321C. Historiography of the Soviet Union

Major schools of interpretation of the Soviet phenomenon through works representative of a specific school, in chronological order, from the first major interpretation of the Soviet polity by Trotsky to postmodernist theories.

4-5 units, Win (Weiner, A)

HISTORY 322. Topics in Early Modern Russian History

4-5 units, Aut (Kollmann, N)

HISTORY 323. Art and Ideas in Imperial Russia

(Same as HISTORY 223.) Poetry, novels, symphonic music, theater, opera, painting, design, and architecture: what they reveal about the politics and culture of tsarist Russia.

4-5 units, Win (Crews, R)

HISTORY 323B. Research Methodologies in Early Modern Russian History

4-5 units, Win (Kollmann, N)

HISTORY 324B. Modern Afghanistan

(Same as HISTORY 224B.) Politics, society, and culture in Afghanistan from the 19th century to the present. Topics include state building, tribal politics, Islamic law, geopolitics, the Taliban, and the post-Taliban disorder.

4-5 units, Aut (Crews, R)

HISTORY 324F. The Caucasus and the Muslim World

The linkages connecting the societies of the Caucasus to Muslim communities in Iran, Russia, the Ottoman Empire and Turkey, S. Asia, and the Middle East.

4-5 units, Spr (Crews, R)

HISTORY 327. East European Women and War in the 20th Century

(Same as HISTORY 227.) Thematic chronological approach through conflicts in the region: the Balkan Wars, WW I, WW II, and the recent wars in the former Yugoslavia. The way women in E. Europe have been involved in and affected by these wars compared to women in W. Europe in the two world wars. Women's involvement in war as members of the military services, the backbone of underground movements, workers in war industries, mothers of soldiers, subjects and supporters of war aims and propaganda, activists in peace movements, and objects of wartime destruction, dislocation, and sexual violation.

5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 327B. Imperialism, the Media, and the Public Sphere

(Same as HISTORY 227B.) Focus is on late 19th and 20th centuries, including the postcolonial period. The role of journalists and other members of the media in creating the image of empire, in defending its legitimacy, and undermining its foundations. Topics include the technologies of communication that allowed information to flow between Europe and its imperial territories, and the relationships among imperial propoganda, colonial reportage, and anticolonial media campaigns.

4-5 units, Aut (Naranch, B)

HISTORY 328. Circles of Hell: Poland in World War II

(Same as HISTORY 228.) The experience and representation of Poland's wartime history from the Nazi-Soviet Pact of 1939 to the aftermath of Yalta in 1945. Nazi and Soviet ideology and practice regarding the Poles and the ways Poles responded, resisted, and survived. The self-characterization of Poles as innocent victims, and their involvement or complicity in the Holocaust, thus engaging in a current debate in Polish society.

5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 329. Poles and Jews

(Same as HISTORY 229.) Focus is on the period since WW I. The place of the Jews in interwar Poland, WW II, surviving Jews after the war, Polish memorialization of the Holocaust, the reality and mythology of Jews in the communist apparatus, the manipulation of anti-Semitism by the communist government, and post-communist movement toward reconciliation. Memory and national mythology emphasizing Polish wartime behavior and the relationship of Jews to communism. The sources and uses of stereotypes, and the state of Polish-Jewish relations today.

4-5 units, Spr (Jolluck, K)

HISTORY 330. Core Colloquium on Early Modern Europe: Ancien Regime

Topics in the social, political, and religious history of Western Europe, 1550-1789, with an emphasis on France. May be repeated for credit.

4-5 units, Spr (Lougee Chappell, C)

HISTORY 330A. Core Colloquium on Early Modern Europe

Historiographical survey from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment. Topics include the Reformations, European expansion, state and nation building, invention and scientific discovery, intellectual history, and gender. In-depth reviews determined by student interests.

4-5 units, Aut (Stokes, L)

HISTORY 331B. Core Colloquium on Modern Europe: The 19th Century

The major historical events and historiographical debates of the long 19th century from the French Revolution to WW I.

4-5 units, Win (Sheehan, J)

HISTORY 331C. Core Colloquium on Modern Europe

The historiography of 20th-century Europe. Topics include WW I, the Russian Revolution, National Socialism, and the EU.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 331D. Core Colloquium on Modern Europe: Intellectual History

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 332A. Power, Art, and Knowledge in Renaissance Italy

Defining features of the world of Leonardo, Machiavelli, and Michelangelo. Intersections of history, politics, art, and literature. The relationship between the Renaissance and the Reformation.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 332D. Rome: The City and the World, 1350-1750

(Same as HISTORY 232D.) What lies beyond the ruins of an ancient city? The history of Rome from the Renaissance to the age of the grand tour. Topics include: the political, diplomatic, and religious history of the papacy; society and cultural life; the everyday world of Roman citizens; the relationship between the city and the surrounding countryside; the material transformation of Rome as a city; and its meaning for foreigners.

4-5 units, Win (Findlen, P)

HISTORY 332F. The Scientific Revolution

What do people know and how do they know it? What counts as scientific knowledge? In the 16th and 17th centuries, understanding the nature of knowledge engaged the attention of individuals and institutions including Copernicus, Galileo, Descartes, Newton, the early Royal Society, and less well-known contemporaries. New meanings of observing, collecting, experimenting, and philosophizing, and political, religious, and cultural ramifications in early modern Europe.

4-5 units, Aut (Riskin, J)

HISTORY 332G. When Worlds Collide: The Trial of Galileo

(Same as HISTORY 232G.) Gateway course for History of Science and Medicine track. The 1633 condemnation by the Catholic Church of Galileo for believing the sun to be the center of the Universe, and its 1992 admission that Galileo was right. What do these events reveal about the relationship between science and religion? Why has the Galileo affair been one of the most discussed episodes in Italian history and the history of science? Documents from Galileo's life and trial and related literature on Renaissance Italy. Historians' interpretations of the trial in relation to its documentation. WIM

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 333. Reformation, Political Culture, and the Origins of the English Civil War

(Same as HISTORY 233.) English political and religious culture from the end of the Wars of the Roses to the Civil War of the 1640s. Themes include the growth of the size and power of the state, Reformation, creation of a Protestant regime, transformation of the political culture of the ruling elite, emergence of Puritanism, and causes of the Civil War.

4-5 units, Spr (Como, D)

HISTORY 333B. Early Modern Sexualities

(Same as HISTORY 233B.) History of sexuality in early modern Europe. Normative sexuality, heterosexual transgressions, and minority sexualities. Theoretical approaches to and debates about the history of sexuality, in particular prior to the 19th century. Tools for critiquing the heteronormativity of early modern sources and for reading those sources for evidence of sexual diversity. Readings include monographs and primary sources.

4-5 units, Spr (Stokes, L)

HISTORY 333C. Two British Revolutions

(Same as HISTORY 233C.) Current scholarship on Britain,1640-1700, focusing on political and religious history. Topics include: causes and consequences of the English civil war and revolution; rise and fall of revolutionary Puritanism; the Restoration; popular politics in the late 17th century; changing contours of religious life; the crisis leading to the Glorious Revolution; and the new order that emerged after the deposing of James II.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 334. Enlightenment Seminar

(Same as HUMNTIES 324.) The Enlightenment as a philosophical, literary, and political movement. Themes include the nature and limits of philosophy, the grounds for critical intellectual engagement, the institution of society and the public, and freedom, equality and human progress. Authors include Voltaire, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Hume, Diderot, and Condorcet.

3-5 units, Win (Baker, K)

HISTORY 335. History of European Law, Medieval to Contemporary

(Same as HISTORY 135.) From the fall of the Roman Empire to the establishment of the EU. How law changed over time. Sources and nature of law, organization of legal systems, and relationships between law and society, law and lawmaker, law and the legal professions.

5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 336. Modern France


4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 336E. Violence in History and Theory

Methodological challenges associated with defining and analyzing violence in late-19th- and 20th-century contexts. How people witnessed, coped with, and survived violent episodes. Cases of state violence, ethnic and religious conflict, warfare, genocide, and decolonization. The notion of everyday suffering in the contemporary world. Sources include anthropology, sociology, and history.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 337. The Holocaust

(Same as HISTORY 137.) The emergence of modern racism and radical anti-Semitism. The Nazi rise to power and the Jews. Anti-Semitic legislation in the 30s. WW II and the beginning of mass killings in the East. Deportations and ghettos. The mass extermination of European Jewry.

4-5 units, Spr (Felstiner, M)

HISTORY 337C. Memory, History, and Education

(Same as EDUC 356.) Interdisciplinary. Since Herodotus, history and memory have competed to shape minds: history cultivates doubt and demands interpretation; memory seeks certainty and detests that which thwarts its aims. History and memory collide in modern society, often violently. How do young people become historical amidst these forces; how do school, family, nation, and mass media contribute to the process?

3-5 units, Spr (Wineburg, S)

HISTORY 338A. Modern Britain: Facing Europe and Empire, Part I

Influential approaches to problems in British, European, and imperial history. The 19th-century British experience and its relationship to Europe and empire. National identity, the industrial revolution, class formation, gender, liberalism, and state building. Goal is to prepare specialists and non-specialists for oral exams.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 338B. Modern Britain, Part II

Themes include empire and racism, the crisis of liberalism, the rise of the welfare state, national identity, the experience of total war, the politics of decline, and modernity and British culture.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 339D. Capital and Empire

(Same as HISTORY 239D, HUMNTIES 191S.) Can empire be justified with balance sheets of imperial crimes and boons, a calculus of racism versus railroads? The political economy of empire through its intellectual history from Adam Smith to the present; the history of imperial corporations from the East India Company to Wal-mart; the role of consumerism; the formation of the global economy; and the relationship between empire and the theory and practice of development.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 339F. Empire and Information

(Same as HISTORY 239F.) How do states see? How do they know what they know about their subjects, citizens, economies, and geographies? How does that knowledge shape society, politics, identity, freedom, and modernity? Focus is on the British imperial state activities in S. Asia and Britain: surveillance technologies and information-gathering systems, including mapping, statistics, cultural schemata, and intelligence systems, to render geographies and social bodies legible, visible, and governable.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 341F. History of the Modern Fact

(Same as HISTORY 241F.) The early modern emergence and subsequent development and transformation of notions such as fact, evidence, experiment, demonstration, and objectivity that operate at the crux of modern science. Recent historical writing on the history of evidence, objectivity, and the modern fact.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 341G. History of the Senses

(Same as HISTORY 241G, STS 134, STS 234.) Technological, medical, philosophical, and scientific history of the five senses, drawing upon readings from antiquity to the present. How physiologists and philosophers have explained the functioning of the senses; how doctors have tampered with them both to help and to hinder; and how technologies including medical devices, scientific instruments, and tools of the arts have continually transformed the nature and experience of sensation.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 342A. What is Life? The History of a Question

(Same as HISTORY 242A, HUMNTIES 191R.) History of attempts to understand the nature of life and mind by comparing living creatures with artificial machines and material arrangements. Imitations of animal life and human thought and discussions of relations between creatures and contraptions from antiquity onward, with an eye toward providing historical depth to current attempts to simulate life and mind.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 343C. 18th-Century Colonial Science and Medicine

(Same as HISTORY 243C.) The exchange of knowledge, technologies, plants, peoples, disease, and medicines. Focus is on French, British, and Dutch interests in the West Indies; examples from elsewhere. Sources include primary and secondary texts on voyaging, colonialism, slavery, and environmental exchange.

4-5 units, Spr (Schiebinger, L)

HISTORY 343G. Tobacco and Health in World History

(Same as HISTORY 243G.)

4-5 units, Aut (Proctor, R)

HISTORY 345A. Core Colloquium: Precolonial Africa

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 345B. African Encounters with Colonialism

4-5 units, Aut (Roberts, R)

HISTORY 346. The Dynamics of Change in Africa

(Same as AFRICAST 301A.) Crossdisciplinary colloquium; required for the M.A. degree in African Studies. Addresses critical issues in African Studies by exploring intersections of the organization of power, structure of the economy, and patterns of social stratification. Interpretive debates on Africa's engagement with the slave trade, impact of colonialism, decolonization, democratization and civil wars, health and society, and Africa's engagement with globalization. The process of knowledge production and its social location, and the current state of knowledge.

4-5 units, Aut (Roberts, R)

HISTORY 347. The Politics and Ethics of Modern Science and Technology

(Same as HISTORY 257, STS 221.) The WW II decision to build and use the atomic bomb. The controversy over the H-bomb. The Oppenheimer loyalty-security case and the relationship of scientist to the state. Medical experimentation on humans and pitfalls of technology. Relations among science, technology, and university.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 347E. Health and Society in Africa

(Same as HISTORY 245E.) The history of disease, therapeutic and diagnostic systems, and the definition of health in precolonial, colonial, and postcolonial Africa. The social and political histories of specific epidemics, including sleeping sickness, influenza, TB, mental illness, and AIDS. The colonial contexts of epidemics and the social consequences of disease.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 348. Islam in Africa

(Same as HISTORY 248.) Relations between African Muslims and the broader Islamic tradition over the last 1200 years. The roots of the Islamic tradition, its adoption, endogenization, and elaboration by African Muslims. The interplay of religion, politics, culture and society, and how tradition exercises influence even while being transformed. The worldviews and lives of African Muslims; how and why those worldviews and experiences changed.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 348D. Law and Colonialism in Africa

(Same as HISTORY 245G.) Law in colonial Africa provides an opportunity to examine the meanings of social, cultural, and economic change in the anthropological, legal, and historical approaches. Court cases are a new frontier for the social history of Africa. Topics: meanings of conflicts over marriage, divorce, inheritance, property, and authority. WIM

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 349. History without Documents

(Same as HISTORY 249.) Can history be written about places and times for which are no written sources, or for people in literate societies who left no written traces? Practical training in historical methods for non-documentary sources, including oral traditions and history, archaeology, ecological sources, historical linguistics, ethnography, rituals, myths, songs, and art.

4-5 units, Spr (Hanretta, S)

HISTORY 351A. Core in American History, Part I

4-5 units, Aut (Rakove, J)

HISTORY 351B. Core in American History, Part II

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 351C. Core in American History, Part III

4-5 units, Win (Campbell, J)

HISTORY 351D. Core in American History, Part IV

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 351E. Core in American History, Part V

4-5 units, Spr (Camarillo, A)

HISTORY 351F. Core in American History, Part VI

4-5 units, Spr (Bernstein, B)

HISTORY 352B. History of American Law

(Same as LAW 318.) Modern history of American law, legal thought, legal institutions and the legal profession. Topics include law and regulation of corporate organizations and labor relations in the age of enterprise, law of race relations in the South and North, development of classical legalism, critiques of classical legalism, modern administrative state, organized legal profession, New Deal legal thought and legislation, legal order of the 50s, expansion of enterprise liability, civil rights movements from 1940, rights revolution of the Warren Court and Great Society.

5 units, Win (Gordon, R)

HISTORY 355. Decision Making in International Crises: The A-Bomb, the Korean War, and the Cuban Missile Crisis

(Same as HISTORY 252.) For advanced undergraduates and graduate students. Primary documents and secondary literature. Topics include: the decision to use the atomic bomb on Japan, the Korean War, and the Cuban missile crisis.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 355D. Racial Identity in the American Imagination

(Same as HISTORY 255D.) Major historical transformations shaping the understanding of racial identity and how it has been experienced, represented, and contested in American history. Topics include: racial passing and racial performance; migration, immigration, and racial identity in the urban context; the interplay between racial identity and American identity; the problems of class, gender, and sexuality in the construction of racial identity. Sources include historical and legal texts, memoirs, photography, literature, film, and music.

4-5 units, Win (Hobbs, A)

HISTORY 356. U.S.-China Relations: From the Opium War to Tiananmen

(Same as HISTORY 256.) The history of turbulent relations, military conflict, and cultural clashes between the U.S. and China, and the implications for the domestic lives of these increasingly interconnected countries. Diplomatic, political, social, cultural, and military themes from early contact to the recent past. WIM

4-5 units, Win (Chang, G)

HISTORY 358. History of Sexuality in the U.S.

(Same as HISTORY 258.) (Formerly 265A.) Priority to History and Feminist Studies majors; a limited number of graduate students may be admitted. Recent historical interpretations of sexual violence, emphasizing the intersections of gender and race in the construction of rape in early America and in Canada, the racialization of rape in the U.S., lynching and anti-lynching in the U.S., and feminist responses to sexual violence. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

4-5 units, Spr (Freedman, E)

HISTORY 368E. American Foreign Policy and International History, 1941-2009

(Same as HISTORY 268E.) Major events and interpretations from WW II to the war in Iraq. Issues of race, expansionism and power; nuclear weapons; and war.

4-5 units, Spr (Bernstein, B)

HISTORY 373A. The European Expansion

(Same as HISTORY 273.) The relationship between European monarchies and their colonial domains from the 16th-18th centuries. Reasons for expansion, methods, and results. Case studies include the Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, French, and English domains in Africa, Asia, and the Americas. Readings include primary and secondary sources.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 373B. Latin American Societies The Public and the Domestic Domain

(Same as HISTORY 273B.) How Peru, Mexico, and Brazil experience the relationships between the public institutions and symbols (such as the state, church, and the private realm of house, family, and sexuality) and emotional culture. Central aspects of Latin American culture such as honor, paternalism, and servitude, and how they were related to different forms of social stratification, ethnic conflicts, marriage, kinship, and power.

4-5 units, Spr (Staff), given once only

HISTORY 374A. Representing Revolution: The Mexican Revolution in Crossdisciplinary Perspective

(Same as HISTORY 274A.) History and historiography of the Mexican Revolution and its aftermath, from interlocking disciplinary perspectives. The relationship between race, class, gender, and state formation in 20th-century Mexico. How the revolution has been studied by historians and represented in film and photography.

4-5 units, Spr (Staff)

HISTORY 375F. Social Change in Latin America Since 1900

(Same as HISTORY 275F, LATINAM 201, LATINAM 301.) Changes in the social and demographic characteristics of Latin American populations since 1900 and the response of national governments in terms of the evolution of social welfare, health, and educational systems. Fulfills requirement for Latin American Studies honors seminar. Required core course for Latin American Studies master's students.

4-5 units, Aut (Klein, H)

HISTORY 378A. The Logic of Authoritarian Government, Ancient and Modern

(Same as POLISCI 346S.) If authoritarianism is less economically efficient than democracy, and if authoritarianism is a less stable form of political organization than democracy, then why are there more authoritarian governments than democracies? To address this paradox, focus is on theoretical and empirical literature on authoritarian governments, and related literatures on the microeconomic analysis of property rights and credible commitments.

5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 378E. Political Economy of Development

(Same as POLISCI 440B.) Required of Political Science Ph.D. students with comparative politics as a first or second concentration; others by consent of the instructor. The origins of political and economic institutions and their impact on long run outcomes for growth and democracy. Emphasis is on the analysis of causal models, hypothesis testing, and the quality of evidence.

5 units, Win (Haber, S)

HISTORY 379. Latin American Development: Economy and Society, 1800-2000

(Same as HISTORY 279.) The newly independent nations of Latin America began the 19th century with economies roughly equal to, or even ahead of, the U.S. and Canada. What explains the economic gap that developed since 1900? Why are some Latin American nations rich and others poor? Marxist, dependency, neoclassical, and institutionalist interpretive frameworks. The effects of globalization on Latin American economic growth, autonomy, and potential for social justice.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 379A. Visual and Urban Culture of Modern Latin America

(Same as HISTORY 279A.) Historical and social construction of vision and urban culture in 19th- and 20th-century Latin America. Changes in visual practice over time; the relationship between the production and consumption of images; and the shifting ways in which social relations have been structured by visual practices in modern Latin America. Topics: the transition from colonial society to postcolonial republic; urbanization; the rise of the modern metropolis; modern ways of seeing; the building of and relationship between projects of power, accommodation, and resistance in a comparative and transnational perspective.

4-5 units, Spr (Staff)

HISTORY 381B. Modern Egypt

(Same as HISTORY 281B.) From just before the Napoleonic expedition of 1798 to the present. Topics: European imperialism, the political economy of cotton, rise of nationalism, gender and the nation, minorities, the coup of 1952, positive neutralism and the Cold War, and the neo-liberal reconstruction of Egypt.

4-5 units, Win (Beinin, J)

HISTORY 382. The United States and the Middle East since 1945

(Same as HISTORY 282.) Since the end of WW II, U.S. interests in the Middle East have traditionally been defined as access to oil at a reasonable price, trade and markets, containing the influence of the Soviet Union, and the security of Israel. Is this the full range of U.S. interests? How has the pursuit of these interests changed over time? What forces have shaped U.S. policy? What is the impact of U.S. policy on the region itself?

4-5 units, Aut (Beinin, J)

HISTORY 382A. State and Society in Modern Turkey

(Same as HISTORY 282A.) Turkey as a disputed successor to the Ottoman Empire, a buffer zone during the Cold War, an unsettled country between Europe and the Middle East, and a frequently interrupted fragile democracy. Themes: state-run developmentalism, modernization projects, social engineering, the dialectics between democracy and authoritarianism, invented national identities and histories, and secularism. Topics include transition from an empire to a nation state, political identities and ideologies, ethnic and religious conflicts, economic and social transformation, cultural formations, and foreign relations.

4-5 units, Aut (Yilmaz, H)

HISTORY 382B. Islamic Thought and Culture in the Premodern Middle East, 800-1800

(Same as HISTORY 282B.) Major intellectual and cultural currents across political, philosophical, literary, and religious traditions in social contexts from the rise of Islam to the advent of modernity. Focus is on the period when canons of Islamic thought and learning formed; Islamic diversity and universalism as sources of conflict and mediation in ideological conflicts; origins of lingering controversies and their social consequences; formation and defining features of disciplines and schools of thought; modes of production and transmission of knowledge; limits of intellectual freedom; and interaction with non-Islamic cultures.

4-5 units, Win (Yilmaz, H)

HISTORY 382C. Environmental History of the Middle East

(Same as HISTORY 282C.) What can Middle East environmental history learn from a consideration of other regions? Major problems of the field, available sources, and directions for future research. Topics include Islam and the environment, animals, environmentalism, gardens, colonialism, disease, water and irrigation, and science and technology.

4-5 units, Spr (Mikhail, A)

HISTORY 383. The New Global Economy, Oil, and Islamic Movements in the Middle East

(Same as HISTORY 283.) The integration of the Middle East into the world capitalist market on a subordinate basis and the impact on economic development, class formation, and politics. Alternative theoretical perspectives on the rise and expansion of the international capitalist market combined with case studies of Egypt, Iraq, and Palestine.

4-5 units, Win (Beinin, J)

HISTORY 385A. Core in Jewish History, 17th-19th Centuries

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 385B. Core in Jewish History, 20th Century

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 387B. International Law and the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict

(Same as HISTORY 287B.) Topics include international legal recognition of the right of Jews for a state; legal implications of defining Israel as a Jewish state; Arab-Palestinians and the right of return; practices of land expropriation within 1948 Israel; norms of international law applicable in the West Bank and Gaza; the legality of Jewish settlements in the West Bank and Gaza; the status of Jerusalem after 1967; international law and the Palestinian uprisings; the separation fence; legal status of the Gaza Strip after the disengagement. Background in Israeli or international law not required.

4-5 units, Aut (Holzman-Gazit, Y), given once only

HISTORY 390. Han Chinese and the Global White: The Production of Ethnoracial Majorities, East and West

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 390A. Major Topics in Modern Chinese History: Qing/Republican Transition

Continuities and discontinuities in society, economy, politics, culture, and thought during the transition from the Qing dynasty to the republic. May be repeated for credit.

4-5 units, Spr (Mullaney, T)

HISTORY 391. East Asia in the Early Buddhist Age

(Same as HISTORY 191.) Evolution of cities in imperial China through early imperial, medieval, and early modern periods. Topics include physical structure, social order, cultural forms, economic roles, relations to rural hinterlands, and the contrast between imperial capitals and other cities. Comparative examination of cases from European history.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 391A. Archaeology and Modernity in Asia: The Excavation of Ancient Civilizations in Modern Times

(Same as HISTORY 291A.) The interplay in Asia between antiquity and modernity, civilization and nation state, and national versus colonial science. The recent excavation of artifacts and places associated with Asian civilization such as the terracotta warriors in China and Angkor Wat in Cambodia. How Asian states have grappled with modernity and colonialism as they simultaneously dug up their ancient pasts.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 391B. The City in Imperial China

(Same as HISTORY 291B.) The evolution of cities in the early imperial, medieval, and early modern periods. Topics include physical structure, social order, cultural forms, economic roles, relations to rural hinterlands, and the contrast between imperial capitals and other cities. Comparative cases from European history. Readings include primary and secondary sources, and visual materials.

3-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 391E. Maps, Borders, and Conflict in East Asia

(Same as HISTORY 291E.) The nature of borders and border conflicts in N.E. Asia from the 17th to the early 20th century. Focus is on contact zones between China, Russia, Korea, and Japan. The geopolitical imperatives that drove states to map their terrain in variable ways. Cultural, diplomatic, and imperial contexts. European pressures and contributions to E. Asian cartography; the uses of maps in surveillance, diplomacy, identity, and war. Student projects focus on a contested border zone.

4-5 units, Win (Wigen, K)

HISTORY 392. The Two Koreas

(Same as HISTORY 292.) Themes include historical and ideological origins of the division, the impact of the Japanese colonial rule, the Korean War, the ideas of key N. and S. Korean leaders, and the consolidation of the two different states after the Korean War.

4-5 units, Win (Moon, Y)

HISTORY 392B. Law and Society in Late Imperial China

(Same as HISTORY 293.) Connections between legal and social history. Ideology and practice, center and periphery, and state-society tensions and interactions. Readings introduce the work of major historians on concepts and problems in Ming-Qing history.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 392D. Japan in Asia, Asia in Japan

(Same as HISTORY 292D.) How Japan and Asia mutually shaped each other in the late 19th and 20th centuries. Focus is on Japanese imperialism in Asia and its postwar legacies. Topics include: pan-Asianism and orientalism; colonial modernization in Korea and Taiwan; collaboration and resistance; popular imperialism in Manchuria; total war and empire; comfort women and the politics of apology; the issue of resident Koreans; and economic and cultural integration of postwar Asia.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 392E. The Historical Roots of Modern East Asia

(Same as HISTORY 92A.) Focus is on China and Japan before and during their transition to modernity. The populous, urbanized, economically advanced, and culturally sophisticated Ming empire and Muromachi shogunate in the 16th century when Europeans first arrived. How the status quo had turned on its head by the early 20th century when European and American steamships dominated the Pacific, China was in social and political upheaval, and Japan had begun its march to empire.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 392F. Readings in Korean History

Topics: the characteristics of the Choson dynasty, the reform movements and rebellions in the 19th century, Korean nationalism, the debates on modernity in colonial Korea, and decolonization and the Korean War. Comparative perspective concerning how Korea's path to modernity differed from those of China and Japan.

4-5 units, Aut (Moon, Y)

HISTORY 393. Frontier Expansion and Ethnic Statecraft in the Qing Empire

The legacy of the Qing dynasty in the territorial boundaries claimed by the People's Republic of China including the frontier zones that lie outside China proper. How the Qing acquired and ruled its frontier territories. Growth and migration of the Han Chinese population. How the dynasty's Manchu rulers managed ethnic difference. Consequences of Qing expansionism and ethnic statecraft for subject peoples and for the dynasty itself. At what point and by what processes did the Qing become China.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 393A. State, Society, and Economy in Qing Dynasty China

Historical scholarship on China during the Qing period, including the gentry, civil examinations, and the debate about social mobility; merchants, cities, and the debate about civil society/public sphere; taxation, local security, and famine relief; heterodoxy, collective violence, and rebellion; and rival approaches (neo-Malthusian, neo-conservative, and neo-Marxist) to understanding the high Qing economy.

4-5 units, Aut (Sommer, M)

HISTORY 393B. Homosexuality in Historical and Comparative Perspective

(Same as HISTORY 293B.) Comparative history of homoerotic desire, relations, and identity through scholarship on different historical periods and parts of the world: the classical Mediterranean, early modern European cities, late imperial and modern China, Tokugawa and modern Japan, and the U.S.

4-5 units, Spr (Sommer, M)

HISTORY 393D. Empire and Cosmopolitanism: Traveling Ideas in Global Political Thought

(Same as HISTORY 293D.)

4-5 units, Spr (Kumar, A)

HISTORY 395F. Race and Ethnicity in East Asia

(Same as HISTORY 295F.) Historical, cultural, political and theoretical perspectives. Commonly misunderstood as an ethnically homogeneous country, the People's Republic of China is home to 55 officially recognized minority groups, many of whom inhabit the strategic border regions of the country. How similar assumptions of ethnic and racial homogeneity in Taiwan, Japan, and Korea are being reexamined by scholars in disciplines including anthropology, history, and political science.

4-5 units, Win (Mullaney, T)

HISTORY 396D. Modern Japan

Fourth in a four-part core colloquium series for graduate students. Major historical problems and historiographic trends in from the Meiji period to the present. Themes include late Meiji culture and politics, the formation of imperial subjects and citizens, agrarian society and politics, gender in modern Japan, empire and modernity, total war and transwar state and society, U.S. occupation, and postwar Japan.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 396E. Contentious Identities: The Formation of Race, Ethnicity, and Nationhood in Modern Japan

(Same as HISTORY 296E.) Exclusion and assimilation of minority groups including Ainu, Burakumin, Okinawans, Koreans, and Taiwanese; how this process was related to the construction of national, racial, and ethnic self-understanding in modern Japan. Ethno-racial formation and nationalism in Japanese society.

4-5 units, Spr (Staff)

HISTORY 399A. Design and Methodology for International Field Research

(Same as HISTORY 299X.)

1 unit, Spr (Kollmann, N; Roberts, R)

HISTORY 399W. Graduate Directed Reading

1-10 units, Aut (Staff), Win (Staff), Spr (Staff), Sum (Staff)

HISTORY 401A. Spatial History: Concepts, Methods, Problems

(Same as HISTORY 201A.) Technical training in GIS, with modules taught by Stanford Spatial History Lab staff; conceptual work in the use of these techniques in spatial historical analysis. Students develop their own spatial history projects and produce beta versions of dynamic visualizations.

4-5 units, Aut (White, R; Frank, Z)

HISTORY 401B. Spatial History, Part II

Prerequisite: 401A.

4-5 units, Win (White, R; Frank, Z)

HISTORY 414A. Medieval History

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 414B. Medieval History

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 421A. Early Modern Russia

4-5 units, Win (Kollmann, N), Spr (Kollmann, N)

HISTORY 422A. Research Seminar on the History of the Russian Empire

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 422B. Research Seminar in Imperial Russia

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 424A. The Soviet Civilization

Socialist visions and practices of the organization of society and messianic politics; the Soviet understanding of mass violence, political and ethnic; and living space. Primary and secondary sources. Research paper or historiographical essay.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 424B. The Soviet Civilization

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 424C. The End of Communism in Europe

Causes, course, and consequences.

4-5 units, Spr (Weiner, A)

HISTORY 430. Graduate Research Seminar: Early Modern Europe, 1400-1800

Prerequisite: 332D or 332H.

4-5 units, Spr (Findlen, P)

HISTORY 433A. European History

4-5 units, Aut (Sheehan, J)

HISTORY 433B. European History

4-5 units, Win (Sheehan, J)

HISTORY 438. European History Workshop

All European history graduate students in residence register for this weekly workshop, at which dissertation chapters and prospectuses, papers, and grant proposals by students and faculty are read and discussed.

1 unit, Spr (Robinson, P)

HISTORY 439A. Graduate Research Seminar: Modern Britain and the British Empire

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 439B. Graduate Research Seminar: Modern Britain and the British Empire II

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 443A. Human Origins: History, Evidence, and Controversy

(Same as HISTORY 243S.) Research seminar. Debates and controversies include: theories of human origins; interpretations of fossils, early art, and the oldest tools; the origin and fate of the Neanderthals; evolutionary themes in literature and film; visual rhetoric and cliché in anthropological dioramas and phyletic diagrams; the significance of hunting, gathering, and grandmothering; climatological theories and neocatastrophic geologies; molecular anthropology; the impact of racial theories on human origins discourse. Background in human evolution not required.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 444C. The History of the Body in Science, Medicine, and Culture

(Same as HISTORY 244C.) The human body as a natural and cultural object, historicized. The crosscultural history of the body from the 18th century to the present. Topics include: sciences of sex and race; medical discovery of particular body parts; human experimentation, foot binding, veiling, and other bodily coverings; thinness and obesity; notions of the body politic.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 445A. Research Seminar in African History

Primary sources such as government records and missionary archives. Students present work in progress. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 445B. Research Seminar in African History

Primary sources such as government records and missionary archives. Students present work in progress. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 446A. Research Seminar: African Nationalism and Beyond

(Same as HISTORY 246S.) African intellectual, political, social and cultural institutions confronting issues of sovereignty, authority, heterarchy, and power during the 19th and 20th centuries.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 446B. Research Seminar: African Nationalism and Beyond

Prerequisite: 446A and consent of instructor.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 448A. African Societies and Colonial States

(Same as HISTORY 248S.) The encounter between African societies and European colonialism in the colony or region of their choice. Approaches to the colonial state; tours of primary source collections in the Hoover Institution and Green Libraries. Students present original research findings and may continue research for a second quarter.

4-5 units, Win (Roberts, R)

HISTORY 448B. African Socieities and Colonial States

4-5 units, Spr (Roberts, R)

HISTORY 461A. U.S. Women's Family and Sexual History

Research, design, research methods, and historical writing on topics in the history of women, the family, or sexuality in the U.S. Prepares graduate students for dissertation work. Workshop model involves exchanging preliminary prospectus, outline, writing sample, and draft for peer responses. Article-length original paper based on primary sources, to be completed by the end of Spring Quarter.

4-5 units, Win (Freedman, E)

HISTORY 461B. U.S. Women's Family and Sexual History, Part II

Prerequisite: 461A.

4-5 units, Spr (Freedman, E)

HISTORY 470A. Research Seminar in Latin American Social History

How to use primary sources such as government records, estate inventories, and parish records for social history. 470A: methodological readings in social history and the development of a research project. 470B: research and writing of a seminar paper. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 470B. Research Seminar in Latin American Social History II

How to use primary sources such as government records, estate inventories, and parish records for social history. 470A: methodological readings in social history and the development of a research project. 470B: research and writing of a seminar paper. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 486A. Graduate Research Seminar in Jewish History

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 486B. Graduate Research Seminar in Jewish History

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 492. Society in Ancient and Medieval China

Proseminar on conducting research in ancient or medieval China. Focus is on the theme of the emotions of the period. Sources include theoretical and comparative materials in secondary literature and primary sources. Students present research paper to class.

5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 495A. Qing Legal Documents

How to use Qing legal documents for research. Winter: sample documents that introduce the main genres including: the Qing code and commentaries; magistrates' handbooks and published case collections; and case records from Chinese archives. Spring: class meets occasionally; students complete research papers. Prerequisite: advanced reading ability in Chinese.

4-5 units, not given this year

HISTORY 497A. Maps and Gazetteers as Sources for East Asian History

For graduate students of early modern or modern East Asia. Includes weekend workshop on Chinese historical GIS with Harvard's Peter Bol. Students work with the Stanford Spatial History Lab to develop analytical techniques. Prerequisite: background in GIS.

4-5 units, Win (Wigen, K)

HISTORY 497B. Maps and Gazetters as Sources for East Asian History, Part 2

Prerequisite: HISTORY 497A.

4-5 units, Spr (Wigen, K)

HISTORY 499X. Graduate Research

Units by arrangement. May be repeated for credit.

1-10 units, Aut (Staff), Win (Staff), Spr (Staff), Sum (Staff)

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