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More publications on Magma Web


Denslow, J.S.. P.M. Vitousek and J.C. Schultz. Bioassays of nutrient limitation in a tropical rainforest soil. Oecologia 74: 370-376.

Matson, P.A., and P.M. Vitousek. Cross-system comparison of soil nitrogen transformations and nitrous oxide fluxes in tropical forests. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 1: 163-170.

Matson, P.A., P.M. Vitousek, J.J. Ewel, M.J. Mazzarino and G.P. Robertson. Nitrogen transformations following tropical forest felling and burning on a volcanic soil. Ecology 68: 491-502.

Mooney, H.A., P.M. Vitousek and P.A. Matson. Exchange of materials between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. Science 238: 926-932.

Robertson, G.P., P.M. Vitousek, P.A. Matson and J.M. Tiedje. Denitrification in a clearcut loblolly pine location in the Southeastern U.S. Plant and Soil 97: 119-129.

Turner, D.R., and P.M. Vitousek. Nodule biomass of the nitrogen-fixing alien Myrica faya Ait. in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Pacific Science 41: 186-190.

Vitousek, P.M., L.L. Loope, and C.P. Stone. Introduced species in Hawai段: Biological effects and opportunities for ecological research. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2: 224-227.

Vitousek, P.M., L.R. Walker, L.D. Whiteaker, D. Mueller-Dombois, and P.A. Matson. Biological invasion by Myrica faya alters ecosystem development in Hawaii. Science 238: 802-804.

Vitousek, P.M. and L.R. Walker. Colonization, succession and resource availability; ecosystem-level interactions. p. 207-223. In Gray, A., M. Crawley and P.J. Edwards (eds.), Colonization, Succession, and Stability. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford.

Vitousek, P.M. and J.S. Denslow. Differences in soil phosphorus among soils of the La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica. Biotropica 19: 167-170.

Walbridge, M.R. and P.M. Vitousek. Processes affecting the measurement of phosphorus mineralization by 32PO4 isotope dilution in acid organic soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 19: 709-717.


Andariese, S.W. and P.M. Vitousek. Soil nitrogen turnover is altered by herbicide treatment in a piedmont forest soil. Forest Ecology and Management 23: 19-25.

Livingston, J., P.M. Vitousek and P.A. Matson. Nitrous oxide flux and nitrogen transformations across a landscape gradient in Amazonia. Journal of Geophysical Research 93: 1593-1599.

Vitousek, P.M. Diversity and biological invasions of oceanic islands. p. 181-189. In Wilson, E.O. (ed.), BioDiversity. National Academy Press.

Vitousek, P.M. and P.A. Matson. Nitrogen transformations in tropical forest soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 20: 361-367.

Vitousek, P.M., P.A, Matson, and D.R. Turner. Elevational and age gradients in Hawaiian montane rainforest: foliar and soil nutrients. Oecologia 77: 565-570.

Vitousek, P.M., T. Fahey, D.W. Johnson and M.J. Swift. Element interactions in forest ecosystems: succession, allometry, and input-output budgets. Biogeochemistry 5: 7-34.

Walker, L.R., and L.D. Whiteaker. Rust prevention on dendrometer bands. Biotropica 20: 336-337.


Binkley, D., and P.M. Vitousek. Soil nutrient availability. p. 75-96. In Pearcy, R.W., J.R. Ehleringer, H.A. Mooney and P.W. Rundel (eds.), Phsiological Plant Ecology: Field Methods and Instrumentation. Chapman and Hall, London.

Ehrlich, P.R., G.C. Daily, A.H. Ehrlich, P.A. Matson and P.M. Vitousek. Global change and carrying capacity: implications for life on Earth. p. 19-27. In DeFries, R.S., T.S. Malone (eds.), Global Change and Our Common Future, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

Gower, S.T., and P.M. Vitousek. Effects of nutrient amendments on fine root biomass in a primary successional forest in Hawai段. Oecologia 81: 566-568.

Luizao, F.J., P.A. Matson, G.L. Livingston, R. Luizao and P.M. Vitousek. Nitrous oxide flux following tropical land clearing. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 3: 281-285.

Matson, P.A., P.M. Vitousek and D.S. Schimel. Regional extrapolation of trace gas flux based on soils and ecosystems. p.97-108. In Andreae, M.O. and D.S. Schimel (eds.), Exchange of Trace Gases Between Terrestrial Ecosystems and the Atmosphere. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester.

Palm, C., P. Robertson and P.M. Vitousek. Nitrogen availability. p. 162-168. In Anderson, J.M. and J.S. Ingam (eds.), Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility: A Handbook of Methods. CAB International, Wallingford, England.

Ramakrishnan, P.S. and P.M. Vitousek. Ecosystem-level consequences of biological invasions. p. 281-300. In Drake, J., F. DiCastri, R. Groves, F. Kruger, H.A. Mooney, M. Rejmanek and M. Williamson (eds.), Biological Invasions: A Global Perspective. Wiley and Sons, Chichester.

Vitousek, P.M. Terrestrial Ecosystems. p. 78-83. In DiFries, R.S. and T.F. Malone (eds.). Global Change and Our common Future. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

Vitousek, P.M. What are the relative roles of biological production, micrometerology, and photochemistry in controlling the flux of trace gases between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. p. 249-261. In Andreae, M.O. and D.S. Schimel (eds.), Exchage of Trace Gases Between Terrestrial Ecosystems and the Atmosphere. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester.

Vitousek, P.M., P.A. Matson, and K. Van Cleve. Nitrogen availability and nitrification during succession: primary, secondary, and old-field seres. Plant and Soil 115: 229-239.

Vitousek, P.M., P.A. Matson, C. Volkmann, J.M. Maass, and G. Garcia. Nitrous oxide flux from seasonally-dry tropical forests: a survey. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 3: 375-382.

Vitousek, P.M., G. Shearer, and D.H. Kohl. Foliar 15N natural abundance in Hawaiian rainforest: patterns and possible mechanisms. Oecologia 78: 383-388.

Vitousek, P.M., and L.R. Walker. Biological invasion by Myrica faya in Hawai段: plant demography, nitrogen fixation, and ecosystem effects. Ecological Monographs 59: 247-265.


Aplet, G.H. Alteration of earthworm community biomass by the alien Myrica faya in Hawai段. Oecologia 82: 414-416.

Denslow, J.S., J.C. Schult, P.M. Vitousek and B.R. Strain. Growth responses of tropical shrubs to treefall gap environments. Ecology 71: 165-179.

Huenneke, L.F., S.P. Hamburg, R. Koide, H.A. Mooney and P.M. Vitousek. Effects of soil resources on plant invasion and community structure in California serpentine grassland. Ecology 71: 478-491.

Huenneke, L.F., and P.M. Vitousek. Seedling and clonal recruitment of the invasive tree Psidium cattleianum: implications for management of native Hawaiian forests. Biological Conservation 53: 199-211.

Matson, P.A. and P.M. Vitousek. Remote sensing and trace gas flux. p.157-167. In Hobbs, R. and H.A. Mooney (eds.), Remote Sensing and Global Change. Springer-Verlag.

Matson, P.A. and P.M. Vitousek. Ecosystem approach to a global nitrous oxide budget. BioScience 40: 667-672.

Matson, P.A., P.M. Vitousek, G. Livingston and N. Swanberg. Sources of variation in N2O flux from forest ecosystems of central Amazonia. Journal of Geophysical Research 95: 16,789-16,798.

Vitousek, P.M. Biological invasions and ecosystem processes: towards an integration of population biology and ecosystem studies. Oikos 57: 7-13.

Vitousek, P.M., C.B. Field, and P.A. Matson. Variation in foliar d13C in Hawaiian Metrosideros polymorpha: a case of internal resistance? Oecologia 84: 362-370.

Walker, L.R. Germination of an invading tree species in Hawaii. Biotropica 22: 140-145.

Woodward, S.A., P.M. Vitousek, K.A. Matson, R.F. Hughes, K. Benvenuto, and P.A. Matson. Avian use of the introduced nitrogen-fixer Myrica faya in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Pacific Science 44: 88-93.


Davidson, E.A., P.M. Vitousek, P.A. Matson, R. Riley, G. Garcia-Mendez and J.M. Maass. Soil emissions of nitric oxide in a seasonally dry tropical forest of Mexico. Journal of Geophysical Research 96: 15,439-15,445.

Garcia-Mendez, G., J.M. Maass, P.A. Matson and P.M. Vitousek. Nitrogen transformations and nitrous oxide flux in a tropical deciduous forest in Mexico. Oecologia 88: 362-366.

Hughes, R.F., P.M. Vitousek, and J.T. Tunison. Effects of invasion by fire-enhancing C4 grasses on native shrubs in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Ecology 72: 743-747.

Lerdau, M. Plant function and biogenic terpene emission. Pages 121-134 in T.D. Sharkey and A.E. Holland, editors. Trace Gas Emissions by Plants. Academic Press.

Vitousek, P.M. An analysis of forests as a means for counteracting the build-up of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Journal of Environmental Quality 20: 348-354.

Vitousek, P.M., and R.W. Howarth. Nitrogen limitation on land and in the sea: how can it occur? Biogeochemistry 13: 87-115.

Vitousek, P.M., and P.A. Matson. Gradient analysis of ecosystems. p. 287-298. In Cole, J.J., G. Lovett, and S. Findlay (eds.), Comparative Analysis of Ecosystems: Patterns, Mechanisms, and Theories. Springer-Verlag.

Vitousek, P.M. and P.A. Matson. Commentary: Ecological perspectives on tropical deforestation and biosphere-atmosphere interaction. Climate Change 19: 159-162.

Walker, L.R., and P.M. Vitousek. Interactions of an alien and a native tree during primary succession in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Ecology 72: 1449-1455.


D但ntonio, C.M., and P.M. Vitousek. Biological invasions by exotic grasses, the grass-fire cycle, and global change. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 23: 63-87.

Raich, J.W., and W.H. Schlesinger. The global carbon dioxide flux in soil respiration and its relation to vegetation and climate. Tellus 44B: 81-99.

Townsend, A., P.M. Vitousek, and E. Holland. Tropical soils could dominate the short-term carbon cycle feedbacks to increased global temperatures. Climatic Change 22: 293-303.

Vitousek, P.M. Perspectives on the nitrogen cycle. p. 151-163. In Moore, B., and D.S. Schimel (eds.), Trace Gases and the Biosphere. Office of Interdisciplinary Earth Studies, University Corp. for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado.

Vitousek, P.M. Global environmental change: An introduction. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 23: 1-14.

Vitousek, P.M. Effects of alien plants on native ecosystems. p. 29-41. In Stone, C.P., C.W. Smith, and J.T. Tunison (eds.), Alien Plant Invasions in Native Ecosystems of Hawai段: Management and Research. Cooperative National Park Resources Study Unit, University of Hawaii.

Vitousek, P.M., S.W. Andariese, P.A. Matson, L. Morris and R.L. Sanford. Effects of harvest intensity, site preparation, and herbicide use on soil nitrogen transformations in a young loblolly pine plantation. Forest Ecology and Management 49: 277-292.

Vitousek, P.M., G. Aplet, D.R. Turner, and J.J. Lockwood. The Mauna Loa environmental matrix: foliar and soil nutrients. Oecologia 89: 372-382.

Vitousek, P.M. and P.A. Matson. Tropical forests and trace gases: potential interactions between tropical biology and the atmospheric sciences. Biotropica 24: 233-239.


Davidson, E.A., P.A. Matson, P.M. Vitousek, R. Riley, K. Dunkin, G. Garcia-Mendez and J.M. Maass. Processes regulating soil emissions of NO and N2O in a seasonally dry tropical forest. Ecology 74:130-139.

Hughes, F., and P.M. Vitousek. Barriers to shrub reestablishment following fire in seasonal submontane woodland in Hawaii. Oecologia 93: 557-563.

Menaut, J.C., L. Abbadie and P.M. Vitousek. Nutrient and organic matter dynamics in tropical ecosystems. p. 215-231. In Crutzen, P. and J. Goldammer (eds.), Fire in the Environment: The Ecological, Atmospheric, and Climate Importance of Vegetation Fires. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester.

Potter, C.S., J.T. Randerson, C.B. Field, P.A. Matson, P.M. Vitousek, H.A. Mooney and S.A. Klooster. Terrestrial ecosystem production: a process model based on global satellite and surface data. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 7: 811-842.

Vitousek, P.M. Global dynamics and ecosystem processes: Scaling up or scaling down? p. 169-177. In Ehleringer, J.R., and C.B. Field (eds), Scaling Physiological Processes: Leaf to Globe. Academic Press, San Diego.

Vitousek, P.M., and D.U. Hooper. Biological diversity and terrestrial ecosystem biogeochemistry. p. 3-14. In Schulze, D., and H.A. Mooney (eds), Biological Diversity and Ecosystem Function. Springer-Verlag.

Vitousek, P.M. and P.A. Matson. Agriculture, the global nitrogen cycle, and trace gas flux. p. 193-208, In Oremland, R. (ed), Biogeochemistry of Global Change: Radiatively Active Trace Gases. Chapman and Hall, New York.

Vitousek, P.M., L.R. Walker, L.D. Whiteaker, and P.A. Matson. Nutrient limitation to plant growth during primary succession in Hawaii. Volcanoes National Park. Biogeochemistry 23: 197-215.

Walker, L.R. Nitrogen fixers and species replacements in primary succession. p. 249-272. In J. Miles and D.W.H. Walton (eds.), Primary Succession on Land. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford.


Aplet, G.H., and P.M. Vitousek. An age-elevation matrix analysis of Hawaiian rainforest succession. Journal of Ecology 82: 137-147.

Chorover, J., P.M. Vitousek, D.A. Everson, A.M Esperanza and D. Turner. Solution chemistry profiles of mixed-conifer forests before and after fire. Biogeochemistry 26: 115-144.

Joel, G., G. Aplet, and P.M. Vitousek. Leaf morphology along environmental gradients in Hawaiian Metrosideros polymorpha. Biotropica 26: 17-22.

Karpa, D.M., and P.M. Vitousek. Successional development of a Hawaiian montane grassland. Biotropica 26: 2-11.

Potter, C.S., P.A. Matson and P.M. Vitousek. Evaluation of soil database attributes in a terrestrial carbon cycle model: implications for global change research. p.281-302. In Michener, W.K. (ed), Environmental Information Systems Analysis. Taylor and Francis, U.K.

Raich, J.W., R.H. Riley, and P.M. Vitousek. Use of root-ingrowth cores to assess nutrient limitations in forest ecosystems. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 24: 2135-2138.

Vitousek, P.M. Factors controlling ecosystem structure and function. p. 87-97. In Amundson, R., J. Harden, and M. Singer (eds.), Factors of Soil Formation; a 50th Anniversary Symposium. Special Publication of the Soil Science Society of America.

Vitousek, P.M. Potential nitrogen fixation during primary succession in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Biotropica 26: 234-240.

Vitousek, P.M. Beyond global warming: ecology and global change. Ecology 75: 1861-1876.

Vitousek, P.M., D.R. Turner, W.J. Parton, and R.L. Sanford. Litter decomposition on the Mauna Loa environmental matrix, Hawaii: Patterns, mechanisms, and models. Ecology 75: 418-429.

Walker, L.R., and G.H. Aplet. Growth and fertilization responses of Hawaiian tree ferns. Biotropica 26: 378-383.


Crews, T.E., K. Kitayama, J. Fownes, D. Herbert, D. Mueller-Dombois, R.H. Riley, and P.M. Vitousek. Changes in soil phosphorus and ecosystem dynamics across a long soil chronosequence in Hawai段. Ecology 76: 1407-1424.

D但ntonio, C.M., and T. Dudley. Biological invasions as agents of change on islands versus mainlands. In Vitousek et al. (eds.) Ecological Studies 115: 103-121. Springer-Verlag.

DeFries, R.S., C.B. Field, I. Fung, C.O. Justice, S. Los, P.A. Matson, E. Matthews, H.A. Mooney, C.S. Potter, K. Prentice, P.J. Sellers, J.R.G. Townsend, C.J. Tucker, S.L. Ustin, and P.M. Vitousek. mapping the land surface for global atmosphere-biosphere models: Toward continuous distributions of vegetation's functional properties. Journal of Geophysical Research 100: 20,876-20,882.

Holland, E.A., A.R. Townsend, and P.M. Vitousek. Variation in temperature regulation of CO2 fluxes and N mineralization from five Hawaiian soils: Implications for a changing climate. Global Change Biology 1: 115-123.

Imhoff, M.L. Radar backscatter and biomass saturation: ramifications for global biomass inventory. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 33: 511518.

Imhoff, M.L. A theoretical analysis of the effect of forest structure on synthetic aperature radar backscatter and the remote sensing of biomass. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 33: 341352.

Kitayama, K., D. Mueller-Dombois, and P.M. Vitousek. Primary succession of the Hawaiian montane rainforest on a chronosequence of eight lava flows. Journal of Vegetation Science 6: 211-222.

Koch, G, P.M. Vitousek, W.T. Steffen, and B.H. Walker. Terrestrial transects for global change research. Vegetatio 121: 53-65.

Lerdau, M., P.Matson, R. Fall and R. Monson. Ecological controls over monoterpene emissions from Douglas-Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii). Ecology 76(8) pp.2640-2647.

Lohse, K.A., D. Nullet, and P.M. Vitousek. The effects of an extreme drought on the vegetation of a single lava flow on Mauna Loa, Hawaii. Pacific Science 49: 212-220.

Matson, P.A., and P.M. Vitousek. Biosphere-atmosphere interactions in a tropical deciduous forest ecosystem. p. 384-398. In Mooney, H.A., E. Medina and S.H. Bullock (eds.), The Tropical Deciduous Forest Ecosystem.

Raich, J.W., and C.S. Potter. Seasonal resolution of global patterns in soil carbon dioxide fluxes. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 10: 23-41.

Riley, R.H. and P.M. Vitousek. Nutrient dynamics and trace gas flux during ecosystem development in Hawaiian montane rainforest. Ecology 76: 292-304.

Townsend, A.R., P.M. Vitousek, and S.E. Trumbore. Temperature controls over long-term soil organic matter dynamics. Ecology 76: 721-733.

Vitousek, P.M. The Hawaiian Islands as a model system for ecosystem studies. Pacific Science 49: 2-16.

Vitousek, P.M., H. Andersen and L.L. Loope. Introduction: Why focus on islands? p. 1-4. In Vitousek, P.M., L.L. Loope and H. Andersen (eds.), Biological Diversity and Ecosystem Function on Islands. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Vitousek, P.M., G.H. Aplet, J.R. Raich, and J.P. Lockwood. Mauna Loa as a model system for ecological research. Geophysical Monographs 22: 117-126.

Vitousek, P.M., and T.L. Benning. Ecosystem and landscape diversity: islands as model systems. p. 73-84. In Vitousek, P.M., L.L. Loope, and H. Adsersen (eds.), Biological Diversity and Ecosystem Function on Islands. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Vitousek, P.M., G. Gerrish, D.R. Turner, L.R. Walker, and D. Mueller-Dombois. Litterfall and nutrient cycling in four Hawaiian montane rainforests. Journal of Tropical Ecology 11: 189-203.

Vitousek, P.M., L.L. Loope, and C.M. D但ntonio. Biological invasion as a global change. p. 216227. In Elements of Change. Aspen Global Change Institute, Aspen, CO.

Vitousek, P.M., and J. Lubchenco. Limits to sustainable use of resources: From local effects to global change. p. 57-64. In Munasinghe, M., and W. Shearer (eds.), Defining and Measuring Sustainability: The Biogeophysical Foundations. UN University Publications.

Vitousek, P.M., D.R. Turner, and K. Kitayama. Foliar nutrients during long-term soil development in Hawaiian montane rain forest. Ecology 76: 712-720.


Potter, C.S., P.A. Matson, P.M. Vitousek and E.A. Davidson. Process modelling of controls on nitrogen trace gas emissions from soils world-wide. Jounal of Geophysical Research 101: 1361-1377.

Raich, J.W., A.E. Russell, T.E. Crews, H. Farrington, and P.M. Vitousek. Both nitrogen and phosphorus limit plant production on young Hawaiian lava flows. Biogeochemistry 32: 1-14.

Riley, R.H. Process-level regulation of nitrogen trace gas flux in Hawaiian montane rainforest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 28: 1251-1260.

Vitousek, P.M., C.M. D但ntonio, L.L. Loope, and R. Westbrooks. Biological invasions as global environmental change. American Scientist 84: 468-478.

Vitousek, P.M., L.L. Loope, H. Adsersen, and C.M. D但ntonio. Island ecosystems: do they represent "natural experiments" in biological diversity? p. 245-259. In Mooney, H.A., J.H. Cushman, E. Medina, O.E. Sala, and E.O. Schulze (eds), Functional Roles of Biodiversity: A Global Perspective. Springer-Verlag.


Daily, G.C., P.A. Matson and P.M. Vitousek. Ecosystem services supplied by soil. p. 113-132. In Daily, G.C. (ed.), Nature's Services: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems. Island Press, Washington, D.C.

Fung, I.Y., C.B. Field, J.A. Berry, M.V. Thompson, J.T. Randeron, C.M. Malmstrom, P.M. Vitousek, G.J. Collatz, P.J. Sellers, D.A. Randall, A.S. Denning, F. Badeck and J. John. Carbon-13 exchange between the atmosphere and biosphere. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 11: 507-533.

Hooper, D. U., and P.M. Vitousek. Plant composition and diversity effects on ecosystem processes. Science 277: 1302-1305.

Potter, C.S., R.H. Riley, and S.A. Klooster. Simulation modelling of nitrogen trace gas emissions along an age gradient of tropical forest soils. Ecological Modelling 97: 179-196.

Raich, J.W., A.E. Russell, and P.M. Vitousek. Primary production and ecosystem development along an elevational gradient in Hawaii. Ecology 78: 707-721.

Russell, A.E., and P.M. Vitousek. Decomposition and potential nitrogen fixation in Dicranopteris linearis litter on Mauna Loa, Hawai段, USA. Journal of Tropical Ecology 13: 579-594.

Thompson, M.V., and P.M. Vitousek. Asymbiotic nitrogen fixation and decomposition during long-term soil development in Hawaiian montane rain forest. Biotropica. 29: 134-144.

Torn, M.S., S.E. Trumbore, O.A. Chadwick, P.M. Vitousek, and D.M. Hendricks. Mineral control of soil carbon storage and turnover. Nature 389: 170-173.

Townsend, A.R., P.M. Vitousek, D.J. Des Marais, and A. Tharpe. Effects of temperature and soil carbon pool structure on CO2 and 13CO2 fluxes from five Hawaiian soils. Biogeochemistry. 32: 1-14.

Vitousek, P.M. On regression and residuals: response to Knops et al. Oecologia 110: 557-559.

Vitousek, P.M. Stopping biological invasions before they do lasting damage. Chronicle of Higher Education, January 17 B4-5.

Vitousek, P.M. The ecosystems of Mauna Loa Volcano, Hawaii. Natural History 106(5): 48-53.

Vitousek, P.M., J.D. Aber, R.W. Howarth, G.E. Likens, P.A. Matson, D.W. Schindler, W.H. Schlesinger and D. Tilman. Human alteration of the global nitrogen cycle: sources and consequences. Ecological Applications 7: 737-750.

Vitousek, P.M., and H. Farrington. Nutrient limitation and soil development: experimental test of a biogeochemical theory. Biogeochemistry 37: 63-75.

Vitousek, P.M., O.A. Chadwick, T. Crews, J. Fownes, D.M. Hendricks, and D. Herbert. Soil and ecosystem development across the Hawaiian Islands. GSA Today 7(9): 1-8.

Vitousek, P.M., C.M. D但ntonio, L.L. Loope, M. Rejmanek, and R. Westbrooks. Introduced species: a significant component of human-caused global change. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 21: 1-16.

Vitousek, P.M., H.A. Mooney, J. Lubchenco and J.M. Melillo. Human domination of Earth's ecosystems. Science 277: 494-499.


Aplet, G.H., R.F. Hughes, and P.M. Vitousek. Ecosystem development on Hawaiian lava flows:  biomass and species composition. Journal of Vegetation Science 9: 17-26.

Aplet, G.H., R.L. Loh, J.T. Tunison and P.M. Vitousek. Experimental restoration of a closed Faya tree stand. Technical Report 121, Cooperative National Park Resources Study Unit, University of Hawaii.

Austin, A.T., and P.M. Vitousek. Nutrient dynamics on a precipitation gradient in Hawai段. Oecologia 113: 519-529.

Cordell, S., G. Goldstein, D. Mueller-Dombois, D. Webb, and P.M. Vitousek. Physiological and morphological variation in Metrosideros polymorpha, a dominant Hawaiian tree species, along an altitudinal gradient: the role of phenotypic plasticity. Oecologia 113: 188-196.

D但ntonio, C.M., R.F. Hughes, M. Mack, D. Hitchcock, and P.M. Vitousek. The response of native species to removal of invasive exotic grasses in a seasonally-dry Hawaiian woodland. Journal of Vegetation Science 9: 699712.

Freifelder, R., P.M. Vitousek, and C.M. D但ntonio. Microclimate change and projected effect on fire following forest-grass conversion in seasonally dry tropical woodland. Biotropica 30: 286-297.

Hooper, David U. and Peter Vitousek. Effects of plant composition and diversity on nutrient cycling in serpentine grassland. Ecological Monographs, 68(1) pp. 121-149

Hooper, David U. The role of complementarity and competition in ecosystem responses to variation in plant diversity. Ecology March v.79 no.2, p704-719

Kennedy, M.J., O.A. Chadwick, P.M. Vitousek, L.A. Derry, and D. Hendricks. Replacement of weathering with atmospheric sources of base cations during ecosystem development, Hawaiian Islands. Geology 26: 1015-1018.

Raich, J.W. Aboveground productivity and soil respiration in three Hawaiian rain forests. Forest Ecology and Management 107: 309318.

Russell, A.E., J.W. Raich, and P.M. Vitousek. The ecology of the climbing fern Dicranopteris linearis on windward Mauna Loa, Hawai段. Journal of Ecology 86: 765-779.

Tanner, E.V.J., P.M. Vitousek, and E. Cuevas. Experimental investigation of nutrient limitation of forest growth on wet tropical mountains. Ecology 79: 10-22.

Vitousek, P.M. The structure and functioning of montane tropical forests: control by climate, soils, and disturbance. Ecology 79: 1-2.

Vitousek, P.M. Foliar and litter nutrients, nutrient resorption, and decomposition in Hawaiian Metrosideros polymorpha. Ecosystems 1: 401-407.

Vitousek, P.M., L.O. Hedin, P.A. Matson, J.H. Fownes, and J. Neff. Within-system element cycles, input-output budgets, and nutrient limitation. P. 432-451 In Pace, M., and P. Groffman (eds), Successes, Limitations, and Frontiers in Ecosystem Science. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.


Chadwick, O.A., L. Derry, P.M. Vitousek, B.J. Huebert, and L.O. Hedin. Changing sources of nutrients during four million years of ecosystem development. Nature 397: 491497.

Ewel, J.J., D.J. O奪owd, J. Bergelson, C.C. Daehler, C.M. D但ntonio, L.D. Gomez, D.R. Gordon, R.J. Hobbs, A. Holt, K.R. Hopper, C.E. Hughes, M. LaHart, R.R.B. Leakey, W.G. Lee, L.L. Loope, D.H. Lorence, S.M. Louda, A.E. Lugo, P.B. McEvoy, D.M. Richardson, and P.M. Vitousek. Deliberate introductions of species: research needs. Bioscience 49: 619630.

Herbert, D.A., J.H. Fownes, and P.M. Vitousek. Hurricane damage and recovery of a Hawaiian forest: effects of increased nutrient availability on ecosystem resistance and resilience. Ecology 80: 908920.

Huebert, B., P. Vitousek, J. Sutton, T. Elias, J. Heath, S. Coeppicus, S. Howell, and B. Blomquist. Volcano fixes nitrogen into plant-available forms. Biogeochemistry 47: 111118.

Kurina, L.M., and P.M. Vitousek. Controls over the accumulation and decline of a nitrogen-fixing lichen, Stereocaulon vulcani, on young Hawaiian lava flows. Journal of Ecology 87: 784799.

Martinelli, L.A., M.C. Piccolo, A.R. Townsend, and P.M. Vitousek. Nitrogen stable isotope composition of leaves and soil: tropical versus temperate forests. Biogeochemistry 46: 4565.

Matson, P.A., W.H. McDowell, A.R. Townsend, and P.M. Vitousek. The globalization of N deposition: ecosystem consequences in tropical environments. Biogeochemistry 46: 6783.

Vitousek, P.M., and C.B. Field. Ecosystem constraints to symbiotic nitrogen fixers: a simple model and its implications. Biogeochemistry 46: 179202.


Austin, A. T. and P. M. Vitousek. Precipitation, decomposition and decomposability of Metrosideros polymorpha in native forests on Hawai'i. Journal of Ecology 88: 129–138.

Blackmore, M., and P.M. Vitousek. Cattle grazing, forest loss, and fuel loading in a dry forest ecosystem at Pu'u Wa'aWa'a Ranch, Hawaii. Biotropica 32: 625–632

Cabin R.J., S.G. Weller, D.H. Lorence, T.W. Flynn, A.K. Sakai, D. Sandquist, and L.J. Hadway. Effects of long-term ungulate exclusion and recent alien species control on the preservation and restoration of a Hawaiian tropical dry forest. Conservation Biology 14: 439–453

Capo, R.C., C.E. Whipkey, J. Blachere, and O.A. Chadwick. Pedogenic origin of dolomite in a basaltic weathering profile, Kohala Peninsula, Hawaii. Geology 28: 271–274.

Chapin, F.S. III, E.S. Zavaleta, V.T. Eviner, R.L. Naylor, P.M. Vitousek, S. Lavorel, H.L. Reynolds, D.U. Hooper, O.E. Sala, S.E. Hobbie, M.C. Mack, and S. Diaz. Functional and societal consequences of changing biotic diversity. Nature 405: 234–242.

Cordell, S., G. Goldstein, P.J. Melcher, and F.C. Meinzer. Photosynthesis and freezing avoidance in ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha) at treeline in Hawaii. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 32: 381–387.

Crews, T.E., H. Farrington, and P.M. Vitousek. Changes in asymbiotic, heterotrophic nitrogen fixation with ecosystem development across a long soil chronosequence in Hawaii. Ecosystems 3: 386–395.

D’Antonio, C.M., J.T. Tunison, and R.K. Loh. Variation in the impact of exotic grasses on native plant composition in relation to fire across an elevational gradient in Hawaii. Austral Ecology 25: 507–522.

H舩tenschwiler, S., and P.M. Vitousek. The role of polyphenols in terrestrial ecosystem nutrient cycling. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15: 238–243.

Hobbie, S.E. Interactions between litter lignin and soil nitrogen availability during leaf litter decomposition in a Hawaiian montane rainforest. Ecosystems 3: 484–494.

Hobbie, S.E., and P.M. Vitousek. Nutrient regulation of decomposition in Hawaiian forests. Ecology 81: 1867–1877.

Hotchkiss, S.C., P.M. Vitousek, O.A. Chadwick, and J.P. Price. Climate cycles, geomorphological change, and the interpretation of soil and ecosystem development. Ecosystems 3: 522–533.

Kurtz, A.C., L.A. Derry, O.A. Chadwick, and M.J. Alfano. Refractory element mobility in volcanic soils. Geology 28: 683–686.

Melcher, P.J., S. Cordell, T. Jones, P.G. Scowcroft, W. Niemczura, TW. Giambelluca, and G. Goldstein. Supercooling capacity increases from sea level to treeline in the Hawaiian tree species Metrosideros polymorpha. International Journal of Plant Sciences 161: 369–379.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Biodiversity and environmental gradients across the tropical Pacific islands: A new strategy for research and conservation. Naturwissenschafen 86: 253-261.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Succession and zonation in the volcanic mountains of the Hawaiian Islands. Acta Phytogeographica Suecica 85: 33–41.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Rain forest establishment and succession in the Hawaiian Islands. Landscape and Urban Planning 51: 147–157.

Mueller-Dombois, D. IBOY-DIWPA Biodiversity Assessment Program in the Western Pacific and Asia Region. Protocol Manual Vol. 5, 22 pp. PABITRA: The Pacific-Asia Biodiversity Transect. Published by Center for Ecol. Research Kyoto University, Otsu, Japan.

Neff, J.C., S.E. Hobbie, and P.M. Vitousek. Nutrient and mineralogical controls on dissolved organic C, N, and P fluxes and stoichiometry in Hawaiian soils. Biogeochemistry 51: 283–302.

Olander, L.P., and P.M. Vitousek. Asymmetry in N and P mineralization: regulation of extracellular phosphatase and chitinase activity by N and P availability. Biogeochemistry 49: 175–190.

Raich, J.W., W.J. Parton. P.M. Vitousek, A.E. Russell, and R.L. Sanford. Environmental regulation of ecosystem development during primary succession in Hawaii. Biogeochemistry 51: 161–191.

Riley, R.H., and P.M. Vitousek. Hurricane effects on nitrogen trace gas emissions in Hawaiian montane rainforest. Biotropica 32: 751–756.

Santiago, L.S. Use of coarse woody debris by the plant community of a Hawaiian montane cloud forest. Biotropica 32: 633–641.

Santiago L.S., G. Goldstein, F.C. Meinzer, J.H. Fownes, and D. Mueller-Dombois. Transpiration and forest structure in relation to soil waterlogging in a Hawaiian montane cloud forest. Tree Physiology 20(10): 673–681

Santiago L.S., T.L. Lau, P.J. Melcher, O.C. Steele, and G. Goldstein. Morphological and physiological responses of three populations of Hawaiian Hibiscus tiliaceus to light and substrate salinity. International Journal of Plant Sciences 161(1): 14–20

Scowcroft, P.G., D.R. Turner, and P.M. Vitousek. Decomposition of Metrosideros polymorpha leaf litter along elevational gradients in Hawaii. Global Change Biology 6: 73–85.

Stratton L.C., G. Goldstein, and F.C. Meinzer. Stem water storage capacity and efficiency of water transport: their functional significance in a Hawaiian dry forest. Plant Cell and Environment 23: 99–106

Stratton L.C., G. Goldstein, and F.C. Meinzer. Temporal and spatial partitioning of water resources among eight woody species in a Hawaiian dry forest. Oecologia 124:; 309–317.

Vitousek, P.M., and S.E. Hobbie. The control of heterotrophic nitrogen fixation in decomposing litter. Ecology 81: 2366–2376.

Whipkey, C.E., R.C. Capo, O.A. Chadwick, and B.W. Stewart. The importance of sea spray to the cation budget of a coastal Hawaiian soil: a strontium isotope approach. Chemical Geology 168: 37–48.

Zdravko B., R. Pattison, and G. Goldstein.. Responses to light and water availability of four invasive Melastomataceae in the Hawaiian Islands. International Journal of Plant Sciences 161(1): 107–118


Capo, R.C., C.E. Whipkey, J. Blanchere, and O.A. Chadwick. Pedogenic origin of dolomite in a basaltic weathering profile, Kohala Peninsula, Hawaii: Comment and Reply. Geology 29: 563–565.

Chadwick, O.A., and J. Chorover. The chemistry of pedogenic thresholds. Geoderma 100: 321–353.

Cordell, S., G. Goldstein, F.C Meinzer, and P.M Vitousek. Morphological and physiological adjustment to N and P fertilization in Metrosideros polymorpha canopy trees in Hawaii. Tree Physiology 21: 43–50.

Cordell, S., G. Goldstein, F.C Meinzer, and P.M Vitousek. Regulation of leaf life-span and nutrient-use efficiency of Metrosideros polymorpha in N and P limited Hawaiian forests. Oecologia 127: 198–206.

Crews, T.E., L.M. Kurina, and P.M. Vitousek. Organic matter and nitrogen accumulation and nitrogen fixation during early ecosystem development in Hawaii. Biogeochemistry 52: 259–279.

D’Antonio, C.M., R.F. Hughes, and P.M. Vitousek. Factors influencing the dynamics of two invasive C4 grasses in seasonally dry Hawaiian woodlands. Ecology 82: 89–104.

Drake, D.R., and L.W. Pratt. Seedling mortality in Hawaiian rain forest: the role of small-scale physical disturbance. Biotropica 33: 319–323.

Durand L.Z., and G. Goldstein. Photosynthesis, photoinhibition and nitrogen use efficiency in native and invasive tree ferns in Hawaii. Oecologia 126: 345–354.

Harrington, R.A., J.H. Fownes, and P.M. Vitousek. Production and resource-use efficiencies in N- and P-limited tropical forest ecosystems. Ecosystems 4: 646–657.

Karlin, E.F. Taxonomy of Hawaiian Sphagna. The Bryologist 104(2): 290–296.

Kurina, L.M., and P.M. Vitousek. Nitrogen fixation rates of Stereocaulon vulcani on young Hawaiian lava flows. Biogeochemistry 55: 179–194.

Kurtz, A.C., L.A. Derry, and O.A. Chadwick. Accretion of Asian dust to Hawaiian soils: isotopic, elemental, and mineral mass balances. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 65: 1971–1983.

Mack, M.C., C.M. D’Antonio, and R.E. Ley. Alteration of ecosystem N dynamics by exotic plants: a case study of C4 grasses in Hawaii. Ecological Applications 11: 1323–1335.

Miller A.J., E.A.G. Schuur, and O.A. Chadwick. Redox control of phosphorus pools in montane forest soils in Hawaii. Geoderma 102: 219–237.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Island biogeography. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity 3: 565–580. Academic Press.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Die Vegetation der pazifischen Inseln in tropischen Bereich. Bertichte der Reinhold Tuexen-Gesellschaft 12: 373–388.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Biological invasion and fire in tropical biomes. Pages 112-121 in K. E. M. Galley and T. P. Wilson (eds.), Proceedings of the Invasive Species Workshop: the Role of Fire in the Control and Spread of Invasive Species. Fire Conference 2000: The First National Congress on Fire Ecology, Prevention, and Management. Miscell. Publ. No. 11, Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, FL.

Neff, J.C. and G.P. Asner. Dissolved organic carbon in terrestrial ecosystems: Synthesis and a model. Ecosystems 4: 29–48.

Ostertag, R. The effects of nitrogen and phosphorus availability on fine root dynamics in Hawaiian montane forests. Ecology 82: 485–499.

Pearson, H.L., and P.M. Vitousek. Symbiotic nitrogen fixation in regenerating stands of Acacia koa, a tropical leguminous tree. Ecological Applications 11: 1381–1394.

Rastetter, E.B., P.M. Vitousek, C. Field, G.R. Shaver, D. Herbert, and G.A. Agren. Resource optimization and symbiotic N fixation. Ecosystems 4: 369–388.

Restrepo, C., and P.M. Vitousek. Landslides, alien species, and the diversity of a Hawaiian montane mesic ecosystem. Biotropica 33: 409–420.

Rillig, M.C., S. F. Wright, K.A. Nichols, W.F. Schmidt, and M.S. Torn. Unusually large contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to soil organic matter pools in tropical forest soils. Plant and Soil 233: 167–177.

Schuur, E.A.G. The effect of water on decomposition dynamics in mesic to wet Hawaiian montane forests. Ecosystems 4: 259–273.

Schuur, E.A.G., O.A. Chadwick, and P.A. Matson. Carbon cycling and soil carbon storage in mesic to wet Hawaiian montane forests. Ecology 82: 3182–3196.

Schuur, E.A.G., and P.A. Matson. Aboveground net primary productivity and nutrient cycling across a mesic to wet precipitation gradient in Hawaiian montane forest. Oecologia 128: 431–442.

Stewart, B.W., R.C. Capo, and O.A. Chadwick. Effects of rainfall on weathering rate, base cation provenance, and Sr isotope composition of Hawaiian soils. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 65: 1087–1099.

Treseder, K.K., and P.M. Vitousek. Effects of soil and nutrient availability on investment in acquisition of N and P in Hawaiian rain forests. Ecology 82: 946–954.

Treseder, K.K., and P.M. Vitousek. Potential ecosystem-level effects of genetic variation among populations of Metrosideros polymorpha from a soil fertility gradient in Hawaii. Oecologia 126: 266–275.

Vitousek, P.M., and C.B. Field. Input-output balances and nitrogen limitation in terrestrial ecosystems. Pp. 217–225 in E.D. Schulze, D. Schimel, I.C. Prentice, M. Heimann, S.P. Harrison, E.A. Holland, and J. Lloyd (eds.), Global Biogeochemical Cycles in the Climate System. Academic Press, San Diego


Austin, A. T. Differential effects of precipitation on production and decomposition along a rainfall gradient in Hawai訴. Ecology 83: 328338.

Balser, T.C. The impact of long-term nitrogen addition on microbial community composition in three Hawaiian forest soils.p. 500-504, in Galloway, J., E. Cowling, J.W. Erisman, J. Wisniewski, and C. Jordan (eds.), Optimizing Nitrogen Management in Food and Energy Production and Environmental Protection. Swets and Zeitlinger B.V., Lisse, the Netherlands.

Benning, T., D. LaPoint, C. Atkinson, and P.M. Vitousek. Interactions of climate change with biological invasions and land use in the Hawaiian Islands: Modeling the fate of endemic birds using a geographic information system. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99: 1424614249.

Cabin, R.J., S.G. Weller, D.H. Lorence, S. Cordell, and L.J. Hadway. Effects of microsite, water, weeding, and direct seeding on the regeneration of native and alien species within a Hawaiian dry forest preserve. Biological Conservation 104: 181190.

Cabin, R. J., S. G. Weller, D. H. Lorence, S. Cordell, L. J. Hadway, R. Montgomery, D. Goo, and A. Urakami. Effects of light availability, alien grass control, and native species additions on the restoration of a degraded tropical dry forest in Hawai`i. Ecological Applications 12: 15951610.

Carrillo, J.H., M.G. Hastings, D.M. Sigman, and B.J. Huebert. Atmospheric deposition of inorganic and organic nitrogen and base cations in Hawaii. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 16 (24): 116.

Cordell, S., R.J. Cabin, R.J., and L.J. Hadway. Physiological ecology of native and alien dry forest shrubs in Hawaii. Biological Invasions 4: 387396.

Cordell, S., R.J. Cabin, S.G. Weller, D.H Lorence. Simple and cost-effective methods control fountain grass in dry forests (Hawaii). Ecological Restoration 20: 139140.

Kurtz, A.C., L.A. Derry, and O.A. Chadwick. Germanium/silicon fractionation in the weathering environment. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 66: 15251537.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Forest vegetation across the tropical Pacific: A biogeographically complex region with many analogous environments.  Plant Ecology 163: 155-176.

Mueller-Dombois, D.Research methods to initiate PABITRA: The Island Ecosystem Branch of DIWPA. Pages 183-209 in Biodiversity Research Methods, IBOY in Western Pacific and Asia.T. Nakashizuka and N. Stork (eds.).Kyoto University Press.216 pp.

Ostertag, R. and J. Verville. Fertilization with nitrogen and phosphorus increases abundance of non-native species in Hawaiian montane forests. Plant Ecology 162: 7790.

Pearson, H.L., and P.M. Vitousek. Nitrogen and phosphorus dynamics and symbiotic nitrogen fixation across a substrate-age gradient in Hawaii. Ecosystems 5: 587-596.

Price, J.P., and D. Clague. How old is the Hawaiian biota: Geology and phylogeny suggest recent divergence. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B Biological Science 269: 24292435.

Sansone, F.J., C.R. Benitez-Nelson, E.H. DeCarlo, J.A. Resing, S.M. Vink, J.A. Heath, and B.J. Huebert, Geochemistry of atmospheric aerosols generated from lava-seawater interactions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29 (9), 10.1029/2001GL013882.

Treseder, K.K., and M.F. Allen. Direct nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: A model and field test. New Phytologist 155: 507515.

Vitousek, P.M. Oceanic islands as model systems for ecological studies. Journal of Biogeography 29: 573582.

Vitousek, P.M., K. Cassman, C. Cleveland, T. Crews, C.B. Field, N.B. Grimm, R.W. Howarth, R. Marino, L. Martinelli, E.B. Rastetter, and J.I. Sprent. Towards an ecological understanding of biological N fixation. Biogeochemistry 57: 145.

von Fischer, J.C., and L.O. Hedin. Separating methane production and consumption with a field-based isotope pool dilution technique. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 16(3) 8.1-8.12 doi: 10.1029/2001GB001448.


Benitez-Nelson, C.R., S.M. Vink, J.H. Carrillo, and B.J. Huebert. Volcanically influenced iron and aluminum cloud water deposition to Hawaii. Atmos. Environ., 37: 535544.

Brasher, A.M.D. Impacts of human disturbances on biotic communities in Hawaiian streams. BioScience 53: 1101-1111.

D但ntonio, C.M. and J. Corbin. Effects of plant invaders on nutrient cycling容xploring the link between invasion and development of species effects. In, C. Canham and W. Lauenroth (eds), Use of Quantitative Models in Ecosystem Ecology. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton.

Denslow, J. Weeds in paradise: Thoughts on the invasability of tropical islands. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 90: 119-127.

Gruner, D.S. Regressions of length and width to predict arthropod biomass in the Hawaiian Islands. Pacific Science 57(3): 325336.

Gruner, D.S., and D.A. Polhemus. Arthropod communities across a long chronosequence in the Hawaiian Islands. Pp. 135145 in Y. Bassett, V. Novotny, S.E. Miller, and R. Kitching (eds.), Arthropods of Tropical Forests: Spatio-Temporal Dynamics and Resource Use in the Canopy. Cambridge University Press, U.K.

Hall, S.J. and P.A. Matson. Nutrient status of tropical rain forests influences soil N dynamics after N additions. Ecological Monographs 73(1): 107129.

Haettenschwiler, S., A.E. Hagerman, and P.M. Vitousek. Polyphenols in litter from tropical montane forests across a wide range in soil fertility. Biogeochemistry 64: 129-148.

Hedin, L.O., P.M. Vitousek, and P.A. Matson. Pathways and implications of nutrient loss during four billion years of tropical forest ecosystem development. Ecology 84: 2231-2255.

Mack, M. and C.M. D但ntonio. Invader impacts on nitrogen mineralization in seasonally dry Hawaiian woodlands. Ecological Applications 13: 154166.

Matzek, V.A., and P.M. Vitousek. Nitrogen fixation in bryophytes, lichens, and decaying wood along a soil age gradient in Hawaiian montane rainforest. Biotropica 35: 1219.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Aims and Methods of Vegetation EcologyWith H. Ellenberg.  Republished 1974 Wiley book, now by The Blackburn Press under <>.

Mueller-Dombois, D. Waldschaeden auf Hawai`i.  Pages 194-203 in Boden, Wald und Wasser.  R. Huettl, ed. Shaker-Verlag, Aachen.

Neff, J.C., F.S. Chapin III, and P.M. Vitousek. Leaks and short-circuits in the nitrogen cycle: Dissolved organic nitrogen and its role in terrestrial ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and Environmental Science 1: 205211.

Osher, L.J., P.A. Matson, and R. Amundson. Effects of land use on soil organic carbon storage and loss in Andisols. Biogeochemistry 65(2): 213-232.

Restrepo, C., P. Vitousek, and P. Neville. Landslides significantly alter land cover and the distribution of biomass: an example from the Ninole Ridges of Hawai訴. Plant Ecology 166: 131143.

Schuur, E.A.G. Productivity and global climate revisited: The sensitivity of tropical forest growth to precipitation. Ecology 84: 1165-1170.

Vitousek, P.M. Stoichiometry and flexibility in the Hawaiian model system. p. 117-133. In J.M. Melillo, C.B. Field, and b. Molden (eds.) SCOPE Interaction of the Major Element Cycles: Global Change and Human Impacts. Island Press, Washington, D.C.

Vitousek, P.M., O.A. Chadwick, P.A. Matson, S. Allison, L.A. Derry, L. Kettley, A. Luers, E. Mecking, V. Monastra, and S. Porder. Erosion and the rejuvenation of weathering-derived nutrient supply in an old tropical landscape. Ecosystems 6: 762-772.



SCIENCE Manuscript: Soils, Agriculture and Society in Precontact Hawai'i
P.M. Vitousek, T.N. Ladefoged, P.V. Kirch, A.S. Hartshorn, M.W. Graves, S.C. Hotchkiss, S. Tuljapurkar, O.A. Chadwick. Science 304: 1665-1669. Abstract. Full Text.

BOOK; Nutrient Cycling and Limitation; Hawai'i as a Model System by Peter Vitousek

Allison, S.D., and P.M. Vitousek. Extracellular enzyme activities and carbon chemistry as drivers of tropical plant litter decomposition. Biotropica.

Allison, S.D., and P.M. Vitousek. Decomposition and nutrient dynamics of native and exotic Hawaiian understory plants. Oecologia 141: 612-619.

Baskin, J.M., B.H. Davis, C.C. Baskin, S.M. Gleason and S. Cordell. Physical dormancy in seeds of Dodonaea viscosa (Sapindales, Sapindaceae) from Hawaii. Seed Science Research 14: 81-90.

Chorover, J., M. K. Amistadi and O. A. Chadwick.  Surface charge evolution of mineral-organic complexes during pedogenesis in Hawaiian basalt.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta68: 4859-4876.

Giardina, C.P., D. Binkley, M.G. Ryan, J.H. Fownes, and R.S. Senock. Belowground carbon cycling in a humid tropical forest decreases with fertilization. Oecologia 139:545-550.

Givnish, T.J., R.A. Montgomery, and G. Goldstein. Adaptive radiation of photosynthetic physiology in the Hawaiian lobeliads: light regimes, static light responses, and whole-plant compensation points. American Journal of Botany 91: 228246.

Gruner, D.S. Attenuation of top-down and bottom-up forces in a complex terrestrial community. Ecology 85:3010-3022.

Gruner, D.S. Arthropods from 'ohi'a lehua (Myrtaceae: Metrosideros polymorpha ), with new records for the Hawaiian Islands. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 78:33-52.

Hotchkiss, S.C. Quaternary history from the U.S. tropics.  p. 441-457,  in A.R. Gillespie, S.C. Porter, and B.F. Atwater, eds. The Quaternary Period in the United States. Elsevier, New York.

Hubbard, R.M., M.G. Ryan, C.P. Giardina, and H. Barnard. The effect of fertilization on sap flux and canopy conductance in a Eucalyptus saligna experimental forest. Global Change Biology 10: 427-436.

Huh, Y. L.H. Chan, and O.A. Chadwick.. Behavior of lithium and its isotopes during weathering of Hawaiian basalt. Geochem., Geophys. Geosyst. 5: Q09002, doi:10.1029/2004GC000729.

Kirch, P.V., A. S. Hartshorn, O. A. Chadwick, P. M. Vitousek, D. R. Sherrod, J. Coil, L. Holm, W. D. Sharp. Environment, agriculture, and settlement patterns in a marginal Polynesian landscape. Proc. National Academy of Sciences USA 101: 9936-9941.

Olander, L.P., and P.M. Vitousek. Biological and geochemical sinks for phosphorus in a wet tropical forest soil. Ecosystems.

Price, J.P. Floristic Biogeography of the Hawaiian Islands: influences of area, environment and paleogeography. Journal of Biogeography 31: 487500.

Price, J.P. and Elliott-Fisk, D.L. Topographic history of the Maui Nui complex, Hawai訴, and its implications for biogeography. Pacific Science 58: 2745.

Price, J.P. and W.L. Wagner.  Speciation in Hawaiian Angiosperm Lineages: Cause, Consequence, and Mode.  Evolution 58: 2185-2200.

Rothstein, D.E., P.M. Vitousek, and B.L Simmons. An exotic tree accelerates decomposition and nutrient turnover in a Hawaiian montane rainforest. Ecosystems 7: 805-814.

Vitousek, P.M.; BOOK; Nutrient Cycling and Limitation; Hawai'i as a Model System by Peter Vitousek

Vitousek, P.M., T.L. Ladefoged, P.V. Kirch, A.S. Hartshorn, M.W. Graves, S.C. Hotchkiss, S. Tuljapurkar, and O.A. Chadwick. Agriculture, soils, and society in Precontact Hawai段. Science 304: 1665-1669. Abstract. Full Text.


Allison S.D.  Cheaters, diffusion, and nutrients constrain decomposition by microbial enzymes in spatially structured environments. Ecologyl Letters 8: 626-635

Allison, S.D., and P.M. Vitousek. Responses of extracellular enzymes to simple and complex nutrient inputs. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 37: 937-944.

Asner, G.P., and P.M. Vitousek. Remote analysis of biological invasion and biogeochemical change. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102: 4383–4386.

Asner, G.P., K.M. Carlson, and R.E. Martin. Substrate age and precipitation effects on Hawaiian forest canopies from spaceborne imaging spectroscopy. Remote Sensing of Environment 98: 457-467.

Asner, G.P., A.J. Elmore, R.F. Hughes, A.S. Warner, and P.M. Vitousek. Ecosystem structure along bioclimatic gradients in Hawai’i from imaging spectroscopy. Remote Sensing of Environment 96: 497-508

Balser, T.C., K. Treseder, and M. Ekenler. Using lipid analysis and hyphal length to quantify AM and saprotrophic fungal abundance along a soil chronosequence. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 37: 601-604.

Derry, L.A., A.C. Kurtz, K. Ziegler, and O.A. Chadwick.  Biological control of terrestrial silica cycling and export flux to watersheds.  Nature 433: 728-731.

Elmore, A.J., G.P. Asner, and R.F. Hughes. Hawaiian ecosystem monitoring: Phenology and fuel loads from MODIS time-series. Earth Interactions 9: 1-21.

Funk J.L. Hedychium gardnerianum invasion into Hawaiian montane rainforest:
interactions among litter quality, decomposition rate, and soil nitrogen availability. Biogeochemistry 76: 441-451

Gruner, D.S. Biotic resistance conferred by an insectivorous bird assemblage on Hawai'i Island. Biological Invasions 7:541-546

Gruner, D.S., A.D. Taylor, and R.E. Forkner.  The effects of foliar pubescence and nutrient enrichment on arthropod communities of Metrosideros polymorpha (Myrtaceae). Ecological Entomology 30: 428-443.

Kirch, P.V., and W.D. Sharp.  Coral 230Th dating of the imposition of a ritual control hierarchy in precontact Hawai’i.  Science 307: 102-104.

Kirch, P.V., J. Coil, A. S. Hartshorn, M. Jeraj, P. M. Vitousek, and O. A. Chadwick.  Intensive Dryland Farming on the Leeward Slopes of Haleakala, Maui, Hawaiian Islands:  Archaeological, Archaeobotanical, and Geochemical Perspectives.  World Archaeology 37: 239-257

Ladefoged, T., C. Stevenson, P. Vitousek, and O.A. Chadwick.  Soil nutrient depletion and the collapse of Rapa Nui society.  Rapa Nui Journal 19: 100-105.

Lohse, K A. and W.E. Dietrich. Constrasting effects of soil development on hydrological properties and flow paths. Water Resources Research 41: W12419  doi: 10.1029/2004WR0034003.

Lohse, K.A. and P. Matson. Consequences of nitrogen additions for soil processes and solution losses from wet tropical forests.  Ecological Applications 15: 1629 – 1648.

Mueller-Dombois, D.  A  silvicultural approach to restoration of native Hawaiian rain forest. Lyonia 8:60-63.

Mueller-Dombois, D. 2005.  Biodiversity Assessment of Tropical Island Ecosystems: Introduction.  Chapter 1 in PABITRA Manual for Interactive Ecology and Management 1-6. 


Mueller-Dombois, D., Thaman, R. R., and J. O. Juvik. 2005.  Scope and design of PABITRA.  Chapter 2 in PABITRA Manual for Interactive Ecology and Management 7-16.


Mueller-Dombois, D., Jacobi, J. D., and C. C. Daehler. 2005.  Vegetation.  Chapter 3 in PABITRA Manual for Interactive Ecology and Management 17-47.


Mueller-Dombois, D. and C. C. Daehler. 2005.  The PABITRA project: Island landscapes under global change.  Pacific Science 59: 133-139.


Mueller-Dombois, D. and N. Wirawan. 2005.  The Kahana Valley Ahupua`a, a PABITRA study site on O`ahu, Hawaiian Islands.  Pacific Science 59: 293-314.


Mulrooney, M.A., and T.N. Ladefoged.  Hawaiian heiau and agricultural production in the Kohala dryland field system. Journal of the Polynesian Society 114:45-67.

Olander, L.P., and P.M. Vitousek. Short-term controls over inorganic phosphorus during soil and ecosystem development. Soil Biol. Biochem. 37: 651–659.

Parton, W.J., J. Neff, and P.M. Vitousek. Modelling phosphorus, carbon, and nitrogen dynamics in terrestrial ecosystems. Pp. 325–327 in Turner, B.L., E. Frosserd, and D.S. Baldwin (eds.), Organic Phosphorus in the Environment. CABI Publishing, Oxford.

Pejchar, L., K. D. Holl, and J. L. Lockwood. Hawaiian honeycreeper home range size varies with habitat: implications for native Acacia koa forestry. Ecological Applications 15: 1053-1061.

Porder, S.J., P.M. Vitousek, and G. Asner. Ground-based and remotely-sensed nutrient availability across a tropical landscape. PNAS 102: 10909-10912.

Porder, S., A. Paytan, and P.M. Vitousek. Erosion and landscape development affect plant nutrient status in the Hawaiian Islands. Oecologia 142: 440–449.

Torn, M.S., P.M. Vitousek, and S.E. Trumbore. The influence of nutrient availability on soil organic matter turnover estimated by incubating and radiocarbon modeling. Ecosystems.8: 352-372.

Wiegand, B.A., O.A. Chadwick, P.M. Vitousek, and J.L. Wooden. Ca cycling and isotopic fluxes in forested ecosystems in Hawaii.  Geophysical Research Letters 32: L11404, doi: 10.1029/2005GL022746.

Ziegler, K., O.A. Chadwick, M.A. Brzezinski, and E.F. Kelly.  Natural variation of 30Si ratios during progressive basalt weathering, Hawaiian Islands. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 69 doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2005.05.008


Allison, S.  Brown ground: a soil carbon analog for the Green World hypothesis.  American Naturalist 167: 619-627.

*Allison, S.D.  Soil minerals and humic acids alter soil enzyme stability: implications for ecosystem processes.  Biogeochemistry 81: 361-373.

Allison, S., C.B. Nielsen, and R.F. Hughes.  Elevated enzyme activities in soils under the invasive nitrogen-fixing tree Falcataria moluccana.  Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38: 1537-1544.

Asner, G.P., R.E. Martin, K.M. Carlson, U. Rascher, and P.M. Vitousek. Vegetation-climate interactions among native and invasive species in Hawaiian rainforest. Ecosystems 9:1106-1117.

D’Antonio, C.M., and M.M. Mack.  Nutrient limitation in a fire-derived, nitrogen rich Hawaiian grassland.  Biotropica 38: 458-467

Elmore, A.J. and G.P. Asner. Effects of deforestation and grazing intensity on soil carbon stocks of Hawaiian dry tropical forest. Global Change Biology 12: 1761-1772.

Goldstein, J.H., G.C. Daily, J.B. Friday, P.A. Matson, R.L. Naylor, and P.M. Vitousek.  Business strategies for conservation on private lands: koa forestry as a case study.  PNAS 103: 10140-10145.

Gruner, D.S. and A.D. Taylor. Richness and species composition of arboreal arthropods affected by nutrients and predators: a press experiment.  Oecologia 147: 714-724.

Hartshorn, A.S., O. A. Chadwick, P.M. Vitousek, and P.V. Kirch.  Prehistoric agricultural depletion of soil nutrients in Hawaii.  PNAS 103: 11092-11097.

Holtgrieve, G.W., P.K. Jewett, and P.A. Matson. Variations in soil N cycling and trace gas emissions in wet tropical forests. Oecologia 146: 584-594

Houlton, B.Z.., D. Sigman, and L.O. Hedin.  2006  Isotopic evidence for large gaseous nitrogen losses from tropical forests.  PNAS 103: 9745-8750.

Hughes, R.F., and A. Uowolo.  Impacts of Falcataria molucca invasion on decomposition in Hawaiian lowland wet forests: the importance of stand-level controls.  Ecosystems 9: 977-991

Lee, C., S. Tuljapurkar, and P. Vitousek. Risky business: temporal and spatial variation in pre-industrial dryland agriculture. Human Ecology 34: 739-763.

Martin, R.E., G.P. Asner, and L. Sack. Genetic variation in leaf pigment, optical and photosynthetic function among diverse phenotypes of Metrosideros polymorpha grown in a common garden.  Oecologia DOI 10.1007/00442-006-0604-z.

Porder, S., Clark, D.A., and Vitousek, P.M.  Retention of rock-derived nutrients in the wet tropical forests of La Selva, Costa Rica.  Ecology 87: 596-602.

Raich, J.W., A.E. Russell, K. Kitayama, W.J. Parton, and P.M. Vitousek. Temperature influences carbon accumulation in moist tropical forests.  Ecology 87: 76-87.

Vitousek, P.M.  Ecosystem science and human-environment interactions in the Hawaiian Archipelago.  Journal of Ecology 94: 510-521.


Benner, J.W., S. Conroy, C.K. Lunch, N. Toyoda, and P.M. Vitousek. 2007. Phosphorus fertilization increases the abundance and nitrogenase activity of the cyanolichen Pseudocyphellaria crocata in Hawaiian montane forests.  Biotropica 39: 400-405.

Funk, J. and P.M. Vitousek.  Resource use efficiency and plant invasion in low-resource systems.  Nature 446: 1078-1081.

Houlton, B.Z., D.M. Sigman, E.A.G. Schuur, and L.O. Hedin.  A climate-driven switch in plant nitrogen acquisition within tropical forest communities.  PNAS 104; doi/10.1073/pnas0609935104.

McCoy, M.D., and A.S. Hartshorn.  Wind erosion and intensive prehistoric agriculture: a case study from the Kalaupapa Field System, Moloka`i Island, Hawai`i.   Geoarchaeology 22: 511-532.

Meyer, M., T. Ladefoged, and P.M. Vitousek.  Soil  phosphorus and agricultural development in the Leeward Kohala Field System.  Pacific Science 61: 347-353.

Scowcroft, P.G., J.B. Friday, T. Idol, N. Dudley, J. Haraguchi, and D. Meason.  Growth responses of Acacia koa trees to thinning, grass control, and phosphorus fertilization in a secondary forest in Hawai`i.  Forest Ecology and Management 239: 69-80.

Schwartz, E., K.L. Adair, and E.A. Schuur.  Bacterial community structure correlates with decomposition parameters along a Hawaiian precipitation gradient.  Soil Biology and Biochemistry 39: 2164-2167.

Wang, Y.-P., B.Z. Houlton, and C.B. Field.  A model of biogeochemical cycles of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus including symbiotic nitrogen fixation and phosphatase production.  Global Biogeochemical Cycles 21: GB1018, doi:10:1029/2006002797.


In Press

Benner, J., and P.M. Vitousek.  Development of a diverse epiphyte community in response to phosphorus.  Ecology Letters.

Benner, J., P.M. Vitousek, and R. Ostertag. Nutrient cycling in tropical montane cloud forest. In Bruijnzeel, L.A., J. Juvik, and F. Scatena (eds.), Tropical Montane Cloud Forests.

Chadwick, O.A., E.F. Kelly, S.C. Hotchkiss, and P.M. Vitousek. Precontact vegetation and soil nutrient status in the shadow of Kohala Volcano, Hawaii. Geomorphology.

Funk, J., C. Giardina, A. Knohl, and M. Lerdau. The influence of nutrient availability and stand age on leaf- and canopy-level isoprene flux in a Eucalyptus saligna experimental forest. Journal of Geophysical Research ­ Biogeosciences

Gruner, D.S. Geological age, ecosystem development, and arboreal arthropod community structure in the Hawaiian Islands.  Biological Journal of the Linnean Society.

James, S.A., S. Cordell, R.P. Adams, and C.F. Puttock. Genetic and morphological variation within Metrosideros polymorpha (Myrtaceae) populations from different habitats on Hawai`i. New Zealand Journal of Botany.

Kurten, E.L., C.P. Snyder, T. Iwata, and P.M. Vitousek.  Morella cerifera invasion and nitrogen cycling on a lowland Hawaiian lava flow.  Biological Invasions.

Ladefoged, T.N., and M.W. Graves.  Modeling the Human Ecodynamics of Kohala, Hawai‘i. In: The Reñaca Papers. VI International Conference on Easter Island/ VI Congreso internacional sobre Rapa Nui y el Pacifico.  Edited by  F.J. Morin and Georgia Lee, Easter Island Foundation

Ladefoged T.N., and M.W. Graves. The formation of Hawaiian territories. In Archaeology of Oceania, edited by Ian Lilly, Blackwell Press, New York

Litton, C.M., Sandquist, D.R., and Cordell, S. Aboveground live biomass in pristine, invaded and converted tropical dry forests of Hawai`i. Forest Ecology and Management

Mueller-Dombois, D.  The Hawaiian Ahupua`a Land Use System: It's Biological Resource Zones and the Challenge for Sivicultural Restoration. Bishop Museum Bull. in Cultural & Environmental Studies.

Porder, S., P.M. Vitousek, O.A. Chadwick, C.P. Chamberlain, and G.E. Hilley.  Uplift, erosion, and phosphorus limitation in terrestrial ecosystems.  Ecosystems. 

Stevenson, C., Ladefoged, T.N., and Haoa, S.  Managed Agricultural Production in the Vaitea Region of Rapa Nui, Chile. In The Reñaca Papers. VI International Conference on Easter Island/ VI Congreso internacional sobre Rapa Nui y el Pacifico.  Edited by  F.J. Morin and Georgia Lee, Easter Island Foundation

Wallin, P., C. Stevenson, and T.N. Ladefoged.  Sweet Potato Production on Rapa Nui. In Sweet Potato in the Pacific, edited by Chris Ballard, Oceania Monographs



Amatangelo, K.L., and P.M. Vitousek.  Fern Phylogeny and nutrient stoichiometry.  Ecology Letters. 

Benner, J.W.  Epiphytes preferentially colonize high-phosphorus host trees in Hawaiian montane forests.  Bryologist.

Benner, J.W., and P.M. Vitousek.  Cyanolichens: a link between the P and N cycles in Hawaiian montane forest.  Biogeochemistry.

Carlson, K.C., G.P. Asner, R.F. Hughes, R. Ostertag, and R.E. Martin.  Hyperspectral remote sensing of canopy biodiversity in Hawaiian lowland rainforests. Remote Sensing of Environment

Cornwell, W.H., R Bhaskar, L. Sack, and S. Cordell.  Structure and function of Hawaiian Metrosideros polymorpha at high versus low precipitation.  New Phytologist.

Hotchkiss, S.C., T.L. Ku, S. Luo, and P.M. Vitousek. Sphagnum colonization and nutrient accumulation on Kohala Mountain, Hawai’i. Biotropica.

Kao-Kniffin, J., and T.C. Balser.  Soil fertility and nutrient limitation determine impacts of exotic invasion on microbial communities in Hawaiian forests.  Ecology.

Kirch, P.V., O. A. Chadwick, S. Tuljapurkar, T. Ladefoged, M. Graves, S. Hotchkiss, and P. Vitousek.  Human ecodynamics in the Hawaiian ecosystem, from 1200-200 yr B.P.  In Kohler, T. (ed.), Modeling Long-Term Culture Change.  Santa Fe Institute.

Litton CM, Sandquist DR, Cordell S  A non-native invasive grass increases soil carbon flux in a Hawaiian tropical dry forest. Global Change Biology

Porder, S., G.E. Hilley, and O.A. Chadwick.  Chemical weathering, mass loss, and dust inputs across a climate by time matrix in the Hawaiian Islands.  Geophysical Research Letters.

Stevenson, C., Jackson, T., Mieth, A., and Ladefoged, T.N.  Prehistoric Agriculture at Maunga Orito, Easter Island (Rapa Nui), Chile.  Antiquity

Thompson A., Chadwick O. A., Ruiz J., Titus M., and Chorover J.  Rayliegh fractionation of iron isotopes during pedogenesis along a Hawaiian climate gradient. Chemical Geology.

Thompson A., Chadwick O. A., Bowman S., and Chorover J. Mobilization of colloids during soil iron redox oscillations. Environmental Science and Technology

Treseder, K.A., Sherry, D., Farisha, P., Houlton, B.Z., & Wright, S.E.  Glomalin and precipitation. Soil Biology and Biochemistry



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