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Information Sharing cover

Information Sharing

Reference and Presupposition in Language Generation and Interpretation

edited by Kees van Deemter and Rodger Kibble

This book introduces the concept of information sharing as an area of cognitive science. Information sharing is defined here as the process by which speakers depend on ‘given’ information (i.e., information already shared with the hearer from previous communication) when they convey ‘new’ information (i.e., information assumed to be new to the hearer). Information sharing is a key concept in linguistics and philosophy, where it is related to notions like presupposition, anaphora, focus, and indexicality. It is also perceived as crucial in various areas of language engineering because computer-based processing of language and speech relies heavily on the computer's ability to distinguish between given and new information.

Where previous work in information sharing is often fragmented between different academic disciplines (in particular, between linguistics and computer science), the present volume brings together theoretical and applied work, and it joins computational contributions with papers based on an analysis of language corpora and on psycholinguistic experimentation. A remarkable number of the contributions take a generation-oriented, rather than an interpretation-oriented perspective, asking what is the most appropriate verbal expression of an item of information in a given situation.

Kees van Deemter is a Principal Research Fellow at the Information Technology Research Institute (ITRI), University of Brighton. Rodger Kibble is a lecturer in the Department of Mathematical and Computing Sciences at Goldsmiths College, University of London.

Read an excerpt from this book.

Contents

  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • 1 Information Packaging: From Cards to Boxes Herman Hendriks
  • 2 Presupposed Propositions in a Corpus of Dialogue Jennifer Spenader
  • 3 Explaining Presupposition Triggers Henk Zeevat
  • 4 Demonstratives as Definites Craig Roberts
  • 5 The use of emphatic reflexives with NPs in English Cassandre Creswell
  • 6 The Role of Salience in the Production of Referring Expressions Rosemary Stevenson
  • 7 Generation of Contextually Appropriate Word Order Ivana Kruijff-Korbayová, Geert-Jan Kruijff and John Bateman
  • 8 Efficient Context-Sensitive Generation of Referring Expressions Emiel Krahmer and Mariët Theune
  • 9 Generating Descriptions Containing Quantifiers: Aggregation and Search Norman Creaney
  • 10 Contextual Influences on Attribute for Repeated Descriptions Pamela W. Jordon
  • 11 Toward the Generation of Document-Deictic References Ivandré Paraboni and Kees van Deemter
  • 12 Some Observations on Deixis to Properties Elizabeth Klipple and John Gurney
  • 13 Relevance and Perceptual Constraints in Multimodal Refereing Actions Frédéric Landragin, Antonella De Angeli, Frédéric Wolff, Patrice Lopez and Laurent Romary
  • Index

8/1/2002

ISBN (Paperback): 1575864045 (9781575864044)
ISBN (Cloth): 1575864037 (9781575864037)
ISBN (Electronic): 1575869586 (9781575869582)

Subject: Reference (Linguistics); Presupposition (Logic); Computational Linguistics

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