This book introduces the concept of information sharing as an area of cognitive science. Information sharing is defined here as the process by which speakers depend on ‘given’ information (i.e., information already shared with the hearer from previous communication) when they convey ‘new’ information (i.e., information assumed to be new to the hearer). Information sharing is a key concept in linguistics and philosophy, where it is related to notions like presupposition, anaphora, focus, and indexicality. It is also perceived as crucial in various areas of language engineering because computer-based processing of language and speech relies heavily on the computer's ability to distinguish between given and new information.
Where previous work in information sharing is often fragmented between different academic disciplines (in particular, between linguistics and computer science), the present volume brings together theoretical and applied work, and it joins computational contributions with papers based on an analysis of language corpora and on psycholinguistic experimentation. A remarkable number of the contributions take a generation-oriented, rather than an interpretation-oriented perspective, asking what is the most appropriate verbal expression of an item of information in a given situation.
is a Principal Research Fellow at the Information Technology Research Institute (ITRI), University of Brighton. is a lecturer in the Department of Mathematical and Computing Sciences at Goldsmiths College, University of London.Read an excerpt from this book.
- 1 Information Packaging: From Cards to Boxes
- 2 Presupposed Propositions in a Corpus of Dialogue
- 3 Explaining Presupposition Triggers
- 4 Demonstratives as Definites
- 5 The use of emphatic reflexives with NPs in English
- 6 The Role of Salience in the Production of Referring Expressions
- 7 Generation of Contextually Appropriate Word Order
- 8 Efficient Context-Sensitive Generation of Referring Expressions
- 9 Generating Descriptions Containing Quantifiers: Aggregation and Search
- 10 Contextual Influences on Attribute for Repeated Descriptions
- 11 Toward the Generation of Document-Deictic References
- 12 Some Observations on Deixis to Properties
- 13 Relevance and Perceptual Constraints in Multimodal Refereing Actions
Subject: Reference (Linguistics); Presupposition (Logic); Computational Linguistics