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The Many Faces of Agreement cover

The Many Faces of Agreement

Stephen Wechsler and Larisa Zlatić

Agreement features correlate closely with semantics as well as with noun morphology. This book presents a precise formal theory of those correlations, illustrated with Serbo-Croatian and other languages. In explaining regular agreement as a network of constraints, the theory also predicts a restricted set of exceptional situations where normal agreement can give way to agreement mismatches. With this framework in place, the authors explore a number of factors that affect agreement processes. The theory even explains the striking cross-linguistic generalizations expressed in Corbett's Agreement Hierarchy. Agreement is shown to be a distributed phenomenon, manifesting its many faces among the various components of grammar.

Stephen Wechsler is an associate professor of linguistics at the University of Texas at Austin. Larisa Zlatić is the Director of Larisa Zlatic Language Services in Austin, Texas.

Contents

  • Abbreviations
  • Preface
  • I Morphology, Semantics, and Agreement

  • 1 The Systematicity of Agreement
    • 1.1 Introduction
    • 1.2 Theoretical and scholarly background
    • 1.3 Types of agreement
      • 1.3.1 Pragmatic agreement
      • 1.3.2 Pragmatic versus index agreement
      • 1.3.3 Concord versus index agreement
    • 1.4 Agreement in HPSG
    • 1.5 Agreement features: rules and exceptions
    • 1.6 Agreement constraints

  • 2 From Morphology to Concord
    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 The Serbian/Croatian declension system
    • 2.3 Irregular forms
    • 2.4 Declension class and concord features
    • 2.5 Declension-concord mismatches
    • 2.6 Capturing the mismatches formally
    • 2.7 Animacy as a subgender

  • 3 From Concord to Index
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 Concord-index mismatches with deca-type nouns
    • 3.3 Nominative deca
    • 3.4 Particples and predicate adjectives
    • 3.5 Relative clauses
      • 3.5.1 koji-relatives
      • 3.5.2 śto-relatives
    • 3.6 Conclusion

  • 4 From Index to Semantics
    • 4.1 Gender and sex
    • 4.2 Lexical and semantic gender
    • 4.3 Semantic and grammatical number
    • 4.4 Conclusion

  • 5 Synthesis: the Agreement Hierarchy revisited
    • 5.1 Combining the constraints
    • 5.2 Corbett's Agreement History
    • 5.3 The problem of variation
    • 5.4 Conclusion

    II Further Exploations of Agreement

  • 6 Expanding the Category of Person
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Agreement mismatches with T/V pronouns
    • 6.3 The disconnect between between French finite and non-finite predicates
    • 6.4 Revising the French person/number paradign
    • 6.5 Forms that do not distinguish number
    • 6.6 Forms that distinguish number
    • 6.7 The T/V distinction as person, not number
    • 6.8 Conclusion

  • 7 Declinability
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Quantified Noun Phrases
    • 7.3 Three ways to quantify a nominal
      • 7.3.1 Adjectival quantifiers
      • 7.3.2 Inflected nouns as quantifiers (QinNPs)
      • 7.3.2 Uninflected nouns as quantifiers (QunNPs)
    • 7.4 Case-marking and the distribution of QunNPs
      • 7.4.1 Undeclined female names
      • 7.4.2 Distribution of caseless nominals
      • 7.4.3 An existential constraint
      • 7.4.4 Oblique case assigned by prepositions
      • 7.4.5 Agreement with the numerals two, three, and four
    • 7.5 Why do QunNPs fail to trigger agreement?
      • 7.5.1 Featureless idices
      • 7.5.2 Problems with treatment quantifiers as neuter singular
      • 7.5.3 Problems with treating QunNPs as non-nominatives
    • 7.6 Speakers allowing agreement with QunNPs
    • 7.7 Conclusion

  • 8 Gender Resolution in Coordinate Structure
    • 8.1 Introduction
    • 8.2 Gender resolution patterns
    • 8.3 Syntactic feature computation
    • 8.4 Syntactic versus semantic resolution
    • 8.5 Animates and genders genders with semantic correlates
    • 8.6 The origin of inamimate resolution rules
    • 8.7 Origins of the featural representations of grammatical genders
    • 8.8 How inherent gender blocks semantic gender
    • 8.9 ‘Syntactic’ and ‘semantic’ gender resolution revisited
    • 8.10 Competition between semantic and syntactic resolution
    • 8.11 Conclusion

  • 9 Pronouns Agreement
    • 9.1 Introdution
    • 9.2 Background
      • 9.2.1 The pragmatic/grammatical agreement alternation
      • 9.2.2 Deixis and topic sharing
    • 9.3 Paycheck pronouns
      • 9.3.1 Serbian/Croation paycheck pronouns and agreement
      • 9.3.2 Comparison with other types of pronoun construal
      • 9.3.3 Towards an analysis of paycheck pronouns
      • 9.3.4 Pronouns and nominal agreement
    • 9.4 Reflexives and bound variables
      • 9.4.1 Case, binding, and agreement
      • 9.4.2 Analyis
    • 9.4 Reflexives and bound variables

  • References
  • Index

5/15/2003

ISBN (Paperback): 1575864185 (9781575864181)
ISBN (Cloth): 1575864177 (9781575864174)
ISBN (Electronic): 1575869179 (9781575869179)

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