These essays apply the syntactic theory of Carl Pollard and Ivan Sag—Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG)—to a formal study and analysis of German grammar. A wide variety of fundamental and well-known phenomena in German grammar are addressed, including the German passive and impersonal passive, various Mittelfeld and Vorfeld word-order phenomena (including auxiliary stacking and the distribution of adjuncts), and the structure of phrasal constituents. linguistic issues include the treatment of idioms, word-order variation and phrase structure constituency, subcategorization, complementation, argument structure, case assignment, lexical rules, and syntactic ambiguity.
The theoretical background for these essays can be found in Information-Based Syntax and Semantics and Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar, both by Pollard and Sag and available from the University of Chicago Press.
is professor of
computational linguistics and chair of humanities computing at the
Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. is a computational linguist at the German AI Center in
Saarbrucken. is associate professor in the Department of Linguistics at Ohio State University.
Subject: Linguistics; Germanic Languages--Grammar; Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG)