Mimicking Nature
Utilizing Nature
Meet the Team


  1. Roco, Mihail C. "Nanotechnology: convergence of modern biology with medicine." Current Opinion in Biotechnology 2003: 337-346.
  2. Kosorukoff, Alex. "Bionics." Wikipedia. 31 Aug. 2004. 30 Nov. 2005
  3. Center for Biomimetics. 15 Nov. 2004. Universitiy of Reading. 2 Dec. 2005
  4. Hooper, Rowan. "Ideas Stolen from Right Nature." Wired News 9 Nov. 2004. 2 Dec. 2005
  5. Quinion, Michael. "Turns of Phrase: Biomimetics." World Wide Words. 22 Nov. 1997.
  6. Sarikaya, Mehmet. "Moleucular biomimetics: nanotechnology through biology."
    Nature Materials Sept. 2003.

Gecko Tape

  1. Aristotle Historia Animalium Book IX (trans. Thompson,D. A. W.) (Clarendon, Oxford, 1918);
  2. Autumn, Kellar, Yichang A. Liang, S. T. Hsieh, Wolfgang Zesch, Wai P. Chan, Thomas W. Kenny, Ronald Fearing, and Robert J. Full. "Adhesive Force of a Single Gecko Foot-Hair." Nature (2000). 28 Nov. 2005
  3. Grigorieva, I. V., A. K. Geim, S V. Dubonos, K. S. Novoselov, A. A. Zhukov, and S. Y. Shapoval. "Microfabricated Adhesive Mimicking Gecko Foot-Hair." Nature (2003). 28 Nov. 2005
  4. Shah, Gaurav. "Modeling of Gecko-Feet Hairs for Artificially Fabricated Dry Adhesives." 23 Feb. 2004. Carnegie Mellon. 6 Dec. 2005

Bone Tissue Regeneration

  1. Petite, Herve, Veronique Viateau, Wassila Bensaïd, Alain Meunier, Cindy De Pollak, Marianne Bourguignon, Karim Oudina, Laurent Sedel, and Genevieve Guillemin. "Tissue-engineered bone regeneration." Nature Biotechnology 18 (2000): 959-963. 8 Dec. 2005

  2. Guillemin, G, J Fournié, and J L. Patat. "The Use of Coral as a Bone Graph Substitute." Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 21 (1987): 557-567. 8 Dec. 2005

  3. Green, D, D Howard, X Yang, M Kelly, and R Oreffo. "Natural Marine Sponge Fiber Skeleton: A Biomimetic Scaffold for Human osteoprogenitor Cell Attachment, Growth, and Differentiation." Tissue Engineering 9 (2003): 1159-1166. 8 Dec. 2005

  4. Wilson, Otto. Interview with Anne Cassidy. Inside CUA. 4 Mar. 2005. 8 Dec. 2005


  1. Ratner, Mark, and Daniel Ratner. Nanotechnology: A Gentle Introduction to the Next Big Idea. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2003. 122-126.
  2. Vermaas, Wim. "An Introduction to Photosynthesis and Its Applications." The World & I Mar. 1998. 28 Nov. 2005
  3. Kodis, Gerdenis, Paul A. Liddell, Linda De La Garza, P C. Clausen, Jonathan S. Lindsey, Ana L. Moore, Thomas A. Moore, and Devens Gust. "Efficient Energy Transfer and Electron Transfer in an Artificial Photosynthetic Antenna-Reaction Center Complex." The Journal of Physical Chemistry (2002). 28 Nov. 2005

Biological Self-Assembly

  1. Zhang, Shuguang. "Fabrication of novel biomaterials through molecular
    self-assembly." Nature biotechnology Oct. 2003.

  2. Roco, Mihail C. "Nanotechnology: convergence of modern biology with medicine." Current Opinion in Biotechnology 2003: 337-346.

  3. Belcher, Angela M. "Coblat Ion Mediated Self-Assembly of Genetically Engineered Bacteriophage for Biomimetic Co-Pt Hybrid Material." Ms. Massachusettes. 2004.

  4. Ratner, Mark, and Daniel Ratner. Nanotechnology: The Next Big Idea. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 2002. 49-50.

  5. Gyorvary, Erika S. "Biomimetic Nannostructure Fabrication: Nanolithographic
    Lateral Patterning and Self-Assembly of Functional Bacterial S-Layers at
    Silicon Supports." 11 Dec. 2002. Nano Letters. Vol. 3. 2004. 315+.

  6. Sarikaya, Mehmet. "Moleucular biomimetics: nanotechnology through biology."
    Nature Materials Sept. 2003.

  7. François, Jean M., Emmanuelle Trevisol, Veronique Leberre, Christophe Vieu, Liviu Nicu, Christian Bergaud, and Childerik Severak. "Biopatterning." Scientific Activities. Dec. 2003. Genopole Toulouse Midi-pyrénées. 2 Dec. 2005

  8. Delamarche, E. , Microfluidics for Biosensing and Biopatterning

  9. Corey, J M., B C. Wheeler, and G J. Brewer. "Compliance of hippocampal neurons to patterned substrate networks." Journal of Neuroscience Research 30 (1991): 300-307. 

  10. 6 Dec. 2005

Viral Construction

  1. Seeman, Nadrian C., and Angela M. Belcher. "Emulating biology: Building nanostructures from the bottom up." PNAS 99 (2002): 6451-6455.

  2. Manoharan, Hari. Lecture notes.

  3. Lee, Seung-Wuk, Chuanbin Mao, Christine E. Flynn, and Angela M. Belcher. "Ordering of Quantum Dots Using Genetically Engineered Viruses." Science 296 (2002): 892-895.

  4.  Belcher, Angela M. Interview with Richard Anthony. 5 Dec. 2005

  5. Nam, Kai T., Beau R. Peelle, Seung-Wuk Lee, and Angela M. Belcher. "Genetically Driven Assembly of Nanorings Based on the M13 Virus." ACS Publications (2003): 23-27. 5 Dec. 2005

  6. Lee, Seung-Wuk, Soo K. Lee, and Angela M. Belcher. "Virus-Based Alignment of Inorganic, Organic, and Biological Nanosized Materials." Advanced Materials 15 (2003): 689-692.

  7. Mao, Chuanbin, Daniel J. Solis, Brian D. Reiss, Stephen T. Kottmann, Rozamond Y. Sweeney, Andrew Hayhurst, George Georgiou, Brent Iverson, and Angela M. Belcher. "Virus-Based Toolkit for the Directed Synthesis of Magnetic and Semiconducting Nanowires." Science 303 (2004): 213-217.

Protein Motors

  1. Montemagno, C. and Bachand, G. “Constructing nanomechanical devices powered by biomolecular motors.” Nanotechnology 10 (1999): 225-231.
  2. Liu, H.Q., Schmidt, J.J., Bachand, G.D., Rizk, S.S., Looger, L.L., Hellinga, H.W., Montemagno, C.D. “Control of a biomolecular motor-powered nanodevice with an engineered chemical switch.” Nature Materials 1 (2002): 173-178.
  3. Mallik, Roop. "Molecular motors - a lesson in nanotechnology from Nature." 2005. School of Biological Sciences, University of California, Irvine. 8 Dec. 2005
  4. Strack, R., Bohm, K.J., Burgold, J., Schach, H.J., and Unger, E. “Physical and technical parameters determining the functioning of a kinesin-based cell-free motor system.” Nanotechnology 11 (2000): 52-56.
  5. Clemmens, J., Hess, H., Doot, R., Matzke, C.M., Bachand, G.D., and Vogel, V. “Motor-protein 'roundabouts': Microtubules moving on kinesin-coated tracks through engineered networks.” Lab on a Chip 4 (2004): 83-86.
  6. Hess, H., Clemmens, J., Qin, D., Howard, J., Vogel, V. “Light-controlled molecular shuttles made from motor proteins carrying cargo on engineered surfaces.” Nano Letters 1 (2001): 235-239.