CLINICAL PRESENTATION IN HUMANS [10]

A patient infected with T. solium will either present with the clinical signs and symptoms of either taeniasis or cysticercosis (specifically neurocysticercosis).

Taeniasis:

Although most intestinal infections are asymptomatic, some patients might exhibit the following mild symptoms and/or signs:

In addition, clinicians must be cognizant that many common complications of taeniasis exist, with appendicitis being the most serious. Other complications include: obstruction of bile ducts/pancreatic ducts, ectopic tapeworm growth, mild eosinophilia.

Cysticercosis/Neurocysticercosis:

There are three classic symptoms for neurocysticercosis:

1. Convulsions and/or seizures

2. Intracranial hypertension

3. Psychiatric disturbances

Awarenes of the common localizations for T. solium in neurocysticercosis is important. The most common localizations are: subcutaneous tissue, the eye, and the brain.