CPI 2015-16 New Scholars Grant Competition Winners
The Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality is pleased to announce the winners of our 2015-16 New Scholars Grant Competition:
Keith Gunnar Bentele, University of Massachusetts Boston
Safety Net Research Group
I aim to create high quality annual measures of pretax/pretransfer poverty, poverty relief, and poverty at the state level for the years 2000-2014. In doing so I will attempt to overcome a number of challenges that researchers face in these areas. These include problems with traditional poverty measures, underreporting of benefits, and the creation of reliable state level measures when state level sample sizes are often unsatisfactory in smaller states.
Kendra Bischoff, Cornell University
Education and Segregation Research Groups
The achievement gap between children from affluent and poor families has grown considerably since 1970. At the same time, the spatial segregation of families by income has also grown substantially since 1970, both between neighborhoods and between school districts. In this project, we will assess the relationship between economic segregation and the economic achievement gap, as well as test several mechanisms that will help to explain the pathways through which income segregation affects youth outcomes.
Deirdre Bloome, University of Michigan
Mobility and Inequality Research Groups
In this project I will answer three questions: First, as individuals age, to what extent do intragenerational and intergenerational income mobility contribute to lifetime income inequality? Second, how have these contributions changed across recent birth cohorts? Third, how do they differ across people from low- and high-income backgrounds? Successfully answering these questions will contribute a missing, fundamental element to our base of knowledge, without which we cannot understand how income mobility over the life course relates to income inequality between people.
Siwei Cheng, University of California, Los Angeles
Inequality Research Group
The proposed project contributes to our understandings of inequality by conducting a comprehensive analysis on the intragenerational pattern of inequality - that is, the changes in inequality over a cohort of population’s life course. The project has two specific aims. First, I will assess whether the macrolevel intragenerational pattern of inequality has changed from earlier to later cohorts. Second, I will examine the microlevel mechanisms for the observed changes in aggregate inequality, with a particular focus on whether the relative importance of these mechanisms has shifted across cohorts.
Amy Hsin, Queens College, City University of New York
Education Research Group
Immigrants (first and second generation) represent a substantial portion of students in higher education, making up a quarter of undergraduates in the United States. This project uses a large, longitudinal database that reliably identifies documentation status to ask: How does immigrant status, legal status, and ancestry affect college students’ educational performance, achievement and degree attainment? We estimate: (1) the effect of immigrant status, legal status, and ancestry on academic outcomes, and (2) how political momentum for immigration reform influences undocumented students' academic performance.
Alexandra K. Murphy, University of Michigan
Poverty Research Group
We are developing the Transportation Security Index, a novel measure of access to adequate transportation modeled after the Food Security Index. This measure will enable researchers and policy makers to: uncover causal pathways through which transportation security is connected to individual wellbeing; understand in richer detail the variation in levels of transportation security by demographic group; and design policy solutions to address disadvantages in transportation security.
Brian Thiede, Louisiana State University
Racial and Ethnic Inequality Research Group
A majority of all births in the United States now come from racial and ethnic minority populations. The current project examines the extent to which today’s newborn children are exposed to disadvantaged family and community contexts in utero and in the early months of their lives. Over the next two decades, today’s disproportionately minority infants and youth will complete school, enter the workforce, and begin families of their own. Will they be adequately prepared for productive adult roles or are their circumstances at birth likely to disadvantage them over the life course?
Kristin Turney, University of California, Irvine
Poverty Research Group
It is well known that childhood poverty has deleterious consequences for children’s wellbeing, but much less research considers the time-varying or heterogeneous consequences of childhood poverty. In this project, I will use data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K) and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort:2010-2011 (ECLS- K:2011) to examine the time-varying and heterogeneous treatment effects of childhood poverty on children’s academic, behavioral, and health outcomes.