Norwalk Virus

Icosahedral (T = 3) naked, positive sense ssRNA virus

Projectile Vomiting

Attacks: Infants, children and adults by infecting tips of villi in the jejunum
Outcome:  Severe nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps for 12-60 hours
Speed:  Rapid incubation period of 24-48 hours

Game Action:  Cook Your Shellfish.  When Norwalk is played, all other players must wash hands twice (with soap) and cook all food at high temperatures.

        Vaccine:  none
        Behavioral Defense:  Sanitary food preparation and personal hygiene
        Treatment:  Symptomatic, ORT in cases of severe dehydration

Never have 24 hours seemed so long as when you can neither run nor walk but can only watch your meals fly by in reverse, at the whim of Norwalk.



Coxsackie Virus A

Icosahedral, (T = 3) naked, positive sense ssRNA virus

Ulcerating Vesicles

Attacks: Mainly children, via fecal-oral route
Outcome: Rashes on hands, feet and mouth.  Summer colds.  Conjunctivitis.
Speed: Rapid and efficient.

Game Action:  Field Trip to the Sewage Plant.  When Coxsackie A is played, all other players must process and treat raw sewage to prevent contamination of the water supply.

        Vaccine: None
        Behavioral Defense:  Sanitary Food Preparation and personal hygiene
        Treatment: Symptomatic

Coxsackie is God's way of telling you to use soap.


RA-1 Virus


Icosahedral (T = 3) naked, ssDNA virus

Walks Softly, Carries a Big Stick (??)

Attacks:  Adults with Rheumatoid Arthritis by invading synovial tissue
Outcome: Unknown
Speed:  Unknown

Game Action:  Utter Confusion.  When RA-1 is played, all other players must race around the room while blindfolded, trying to determine the causal relationship between RA-1 and Rheumatoid Arthritis.

        Vaccine:  None
        Behavioral Defense:  None
        Treatment:  Same as for other cases of Rheumaoid Arthritis

Which came first, the virus or the disease?

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