- Spenser and Literary Pictorialism. Princeton: Princeton
University Press, 1972.
- Imagining the Penitentiary: Fiction and the Architecture of Mind in Eighteenth-Century England. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.
- Winner of the Gottschalk Prize, Awarded by the American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies to the best book
published in 1987 on the eighteenth century.
- Chapter 2 reprinted in Norton Critical Edition of
Robinson Crusoe, ed. Michael Shinagel. New York,
- Chapter 2 reprinted in The New Historicism and Cultural Studies Reader, ed. Kiernan Ryan, 1996
- Chapter 3 reprinted in Norton Critical Edition of Journal of the Plague Year, ed. Paula R. Backsheider. New York:
- The Ends of Rhetoric: History, Theory, Practice, ed. with David Wellbery. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1990
- Chronotypes: The Construction of Time, ed. with David Wellbery. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1991.
- The Columbia History of the British Novel, associate editor with John Richetti. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994.
- Tom Jones by Henry Fielding, ed. (with Simon Stern) and introduction by John Bender. Oxford: Oxford University Press,
- Regimes of Description, ed. (with Michael Marrinan). Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2005.
- The Culture of Diagram (with Michael Marrinan), Stanford University Press, 2010.
- Ends of Enlightenment, Stanford University Press, 2012.
- Kultur des Diagramms: Akademie-Verlag-de Gruyter, Berlin 2014. Translated into German by Veit Friemert, from The Culture of Diagram (with Michael Marrinan), Stanford University Press, 2010.
- "Affinities Between Jacobean Masques and Plays," Research Opportunities in Renaissance Drama, 17 (1974), 9-12
- "The Edge of the Abyss," Times Literary Supplement, 27 February 1976
- "The Age of Ambiguity," Times Literary Supplement, 17 December 1976
- "The Poet in the House of Proteus," Times Literary Supplement, 19 August 1977
- "The Paradoxes of Piranesi," Times Literary Supplement, 19 May 1978
- "The Day of The Tempest," ELH, 47 (1980), 235-258
"Liberating the Sister Arts: the Revolution of Blake's 'Infant Sorrow,': ELH, 50 (1983), pp. 297-319. (With Anne K. Mellor as co-author.)
- "The Novel and the Rise of the Penitentiary: Narrative and Ideology in Defoe, Gay, Hogarth, and Fielding," Stanford Literature Review, I (1984), 55-94
- reprinted in The Country Myth, ed. H. George Hahn. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1991
- reprinted The English Novel: 1700 To Fielding, ed. Richard Kroll (Macmillan/Longman: in press for 1999)
- "Prison Reform and the Sentence of Narration in The Vicar of Wakefield," in The New Eighteenth Century, ed. Felicity Nussbaum and Laura Brown. London: Methuen, 1987
- "Narrative" in The Spenser Encyclopedia. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990
- "Pictorialism: in The Spenser Encyclopedia. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990
- "Rhetoricality: On the Modernist Return of Rhetoric" (with David Wellbery), pp. 3-39 in The Ends of Rhetoric. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1990
- reprinted in Stanford Slavic Studies, 4 (1991)
- reprinted in Texte und Lektüren, ed. Aleida Assmann. Fischer Verlag, 1996
-reprinted in Neo-retorica é Déconstruçao. Rio de Janeiro: Ed. Uerj, 1998.
- "A New History of the Enlightenment?" in Leo Damrosch, ed., The Profession of Eighteenth-Century Literature. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1992
- reprinted in Eighteenth-Century Life, 16 (1992)
- "Eighteenth-Century Studies" in Stephen Greenblatt and Giles Gunn, eds., Redrawing the Boundaries, New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1992
- "Impersonal Violence: The Penetrating Gaze and the Field of Narration in Caleb Williams" in Critical Reconstructions: The Relationship of Fiction and Life, Roger B. Henkle and Robert M. Polhemus, eds. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994
- also published as "Unpersonliche Gewalt: der durchdringende Blick und das Erzahlfeld in William Godwin's Caleb Williams" in Schrift, ed. H.U. Gumbrecht and K.L.
Pfeiffer. Paederborn and Munich: Fink Verlag, 1993
- illustrated version published in Vision and Textuality, ed. Steven Melville and Bill Readings, (London: Macmillan, 1995)
- "Making the World Safe for Narratology: A Reply to Dorrit Cohn," NLH, 26 (1995), 29-33
- "Fiktionalitat in der Aufklarung" in Nach der Aufklarung? Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 1995
- "Fiktionens rolle i oplysningens aestekik," Ny Poetik 6 (1996), 28-35
- "Nachword" in Nach der Aufklarung? Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 1995
- "Enlightenment Fiction and the Scientific Hypothesis," Representations 61 (1998), 6-28
--reprinted in Eighteenth-Century Genres and Cultures; Serious Reflections on Occasional Forms: Essays in Honor of J. Paul Hunter, eds. Cynthia Wall & Dennis Todd. University of Delaware Press, 2001.
- "Matters of Fact, Virtual Witnessing, and the Public in Hogarth's Narratives" in Hogarth: Representing 'Nature's Machines', eds. David Bindman, Frédéric Ogée, & Peter Wagner. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2001.
- “From Theater to Laboratory,” Journal of the American Medical Association, March 6, 2002
- “Hume’s Learned and Conversible Worlds” (with Robin Valenza) in Just Being Difficult?, ed Jonathan Culler and Kevin Lamb. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003.
- “Der Roman als Moderner Mythos,” Merkur: Deutsche Zeitschrift für europäsiches Denken. December, 2004.
- “The Novel as Modern Myth," in Defoe’s Footprints: Essays in Honour of Maximillian E. Novak. ed. Robert M. Maniquis and Carl Fisher. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009.
- “Novel Knowledge: Judgment, Experience, Experiment," in This is Enlightenment, ed. Clifford Siskin and William Warner. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.
- “Foley Effects in the Gothic: Sound in The Castle of Otranto," English Literature. Theories, Interpretations, Contexts 7 (2020), 1-16.
- "Foley Effects in The Castle of Otranto," Lewis Walpole Library, Yale University, November 2017. King's College, Cambridge, November 2018. Sorbonne III, Paris, December 2019.
- "Is Fictonality a Fiction?" at conference, "Rethinking the Rise of Fictionality," February 2017, William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, UCLA. And as keynote address, Sorbonne III, Paris, December 2017.
- ”The Eighteenth-Century Fin de Siècle," Keynote address at NYU/Columbia conference, "The Ends of the Eighteenth Century," November 2013. Also, at 2015 conference at William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, UCLA; and expanded for conference on Jane Austen at Sorbonne III, Paris, December 2015; also, as keynote address (adding Adam Smith) at ELLAK (English Language and Literature Association of Korea) conference on "The Interface of Literature & Economy," Daejeon, South Korea, December 2016. And at King's College, Cambridge, November 2018.
- ”Acting and Apparition," Eighteenth-Century Seminar at Columbia University devoted to this paper, February 2014. Revised version given at EWAH Womens University, Seoul, South Korea, December 2016.
- "Encyclopédie vs. Wikipedia," (with Mark Algee-Hewitt and Ryan Heuser),International Digital Humanities Conference, Sydney, Australia, July 2015.