In front of a wind farm in Solano County, CA

Elaine K. Hart

Research Advisor: Prof. Mark Jacobson
Atmosphere/Energy Program
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Stanford University



Grid integration of large-scale renewable energy technologies. The intermittency of renewable generation technologies like wind and solar power is anticipated to pose significant political, financial, and technological challenges to large-scale grid integration efforts. Our work is focused on the application of stochastic models to the design of generation portfolios that meet aggressive targets for carbon emissions reductions while ensuring reliability of electricity supply.


  • E. K. Hart and M. Z. Jacobson, "The Carbon Abatement Potential of High Penetration Intermittent Renewables," Energy Environ. Sci., 5: 6592-6601, 2012. doi:10.1039/C2EE03490E.
  • E. K. Hart, E. D. Stoutenburg, and M. Z. Jacobson, "The Potential of Intermittent Renewables to Meet Electric Power Demand: Current Methods and Emerging Analytical Techniques," Proc. IEEE, 100(2): 322-334, 2012. doi:10.1109/JPROC.2011.2144951.
  • E. K. Hart and M. Z. Jacobson, "A Monte Carlo Approach to Generator Portfolio Planning and Carbon Emissions Assessments of Systems with Large Penetrations of Variable Renewables," Renewable Energy, 36(8): 2278-2286, 2011. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2011.01.015.

    Conference Presentations

  • E. K. Hart and M. Z. Jacobson, "The Role of Meteorological Forecasting in Quantifying the Carbon Emissions Associated with Highly Intermittent Renewable Portfolios," American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 2010.
  • E. K. Hart and M. Z. Jacobson, "An Optimization and Monte Carlo Planning Approach for High Penetrations of Intermittent Renewables," INFORMS Annual Meeting, Austin, TX, November 2010.
  • [Poster] E. K. Hart and M. Z. Jacobson, "Planning a Target Renewable Portfolio Using Atmospheric Modeling and Stochastic Optimization," American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 2009.
  • [Poster] E. K. Hart, M. Dvorak, and M. Z. Jacobson, "Pushing the Limits of the Grid: Aggressive Wind Energy Penetration Scenarios," AWEA Windpower Conference, Chicago, IL, 2009.


  • Teaching Assistant: CEE172P/CEE272P - Distributed Generation and Grid Integration of Renewables. Winter 2009-10, Winter 2010-11. Course taught by Prof. Nicholas Jenkins.

    Curriculum Vitae


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