Publications

Phonological Change (dissertation). MIT, 1965.

Über den deutschen Akzent. Studia Grammatica 7, pp. 69-97, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1966.

Transitive Softening in Russian. Quarterly Progress Report, No. 81, pp. 190-192, Research Laboratory of Electronics, MIT, 1966.

A propos de l'accentuation du grec ancien. Langages, December, 1967.

A Phonological Rule of Greek. Glotta 44, pp. 109-134, 1967.

Sonorant Clusters in Greek. Language 43, pp. 619-635, 1967.

Linguistic Universals and Linguistic Change. In E. Bach and R. Harms (eds.), Universals in Linguistic Theory, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1968.

Reprinted in A. Keiler (ed.), A Reader in Historical and Comparative Linguistics, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1970.

Reprinted in J. Sledd and H. Hungerford (eds.) English Linguistics, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971.

German translation in D. Cherubim (ed.), Sprachwandel, Berlin: de Gruyter, 1975.

Metrics and Morphophonemics in the Kalevala. In C. Gribble (ed.), Studies Presented to Roman Jakobson by his Students, Cambridge, MA: Slavica, 1967.

Reprinted in D. Freeman (ed.), Linguistics and Literary Style, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1968.

Tense and Mood in Indo-European Syntax. Foundations of Language 4, pp. 30-57, 1968.

Syntactic and Semantic Relations in Panini (with J.F. Staal). Foundations of Language 5, pp. 83-117, 1969.

Reprinted in R. Singh, J. Pesot, J. Reighard, and E. Tiffou (eds.), Modern Studies in Sanskrit. New Delhi: Bahri, 1988.

The Syntax and Semantics of Subordinate Clauses (with C. Kiparsky). Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Linguists, Bucharest, 1969.

Historical Linguistics. In John Lyons (ed.) New Horizons in Linguistics. Harmondsworth, Penguin Books, 1970.

Semantic Rules in Grammar. In H. Benediktsson (ed.), The Nordic Languages and Modern Linguistics, pp. 262-85, Reykjavik: Visindafelag Islendinga, 1970.

Historical Linguistics. In W.O. Dingwall (ed.) A Survey of Linguistic Science. College Park, Maryland: University of Maryland Press, 1971.

Second Edition: Stanford: Greylock Publishers, 1978.

Fact (with C. Kiparsky). In M. Bierwisch and K.E. Heidolph (eds), Progress in Linguistics, pp. 143-73, The Hague: Mouton, 1970.

Reprinted in L. Jakobovits and D. Steinberg (eds.), Semantics: An Interdisciplinary Reader, Cambridge University Press, 1971.

Reprinted in Diane O. Bornstein (ed.) Reading in the Theory of Grammar. Cambridge, Mass.: Winthrop Publishers, 1976.

Reprinted in Donna Jo Napoli and Emily Rando (ed.) Syntactic Argumentation. Georgetown University Press, 1979.

Spanish translation: Hechos (1967-68), in Sanchez de Zavala (ed.) Semantica y Sintaxis en la Linguistica Transformatoria, II: Algunos Temas y Planteamientos Nuevos, p. 31-76. Madrid: Victor Alianza, 1976.

Review of J. Kurylowicz (ed.), Indogermanische Grammatik, Vol. III: Formenlehre by Calvert Watkins, 1969 Foundations of Language 9, pp. 277-286, 1972.

Rule Reordering. In Baldi, Philip and Ronald N. Werth, Readings in Historical Phonology: Chapters in the Theory of Sound Change, 218-35. University Park: Pennsylvania State UP, 1978.

Linguistica Historica. Lenguaje (Cali, Colombia) 1, pp. 115-28, 1972.

Metrics and Morphophonemics in the Rigveda. In M. Brame (ed.), Contributions to Generative Phonology, Austin: University of Texas Press, 1972.

Reprinted in R. Singh, J. Pesot, J. Reighard, and E. Tiffou (eds.), Modern Studies in Sanskrit. New Delhi: Bahri, 1988.

Explanation in Linguistics. In S. Peters (ed.) Goals of Linguistic Theory, Prentice-Hall, NJ, 1972.

A Festschrift for Morris Halle (with S. Anderson, eds.). New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1973.

'Elsewhere' in Phonology. In above.

Commentary [on What is Literature?], New Literary History 5, pp. 177-85, 1973-74.

Phonological Representations. In O. Fujimura (ed.), Three Dimensions of Linguistic Theory, pp. 1-135, Tokyo: TEC Co., 1973.

The Inflectional Accent in Indo-European. Language 49, pp. 794- 849, 1973.

Productivity in Phonology. In M. Kenstowicz and C. Kisseberth (eds.), Issues in Phonological Theory, pp. 69-76, The Hague: Mouton, 1973.

On Comparative Linguistics: The Case of Grassmann's Law. In H. Hoenigswald and R. Longacre (eds.), Current Trends in Linguistics, Vol. II: Diachronic, Areal, and Typological Linguistics, The Hague: Mouton, 1973.

Remarks on Analogical Change. In C. Jones and J. Anderson (eds.), Proceedings of the First International Congress of Historical Linguistics, pp. 257-276, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1974.

From Paleogrammarians to Neogrammarians. In Dell Hymes (ed.), Studies in the History of Linguistics: Traditions and Paradigms, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1974.

Also appeared in York Papers in Linguistics, 1973.

On the Evaluation Measure. In Proceedings of the Parasession on Natural Phonology, Tenth Regional Meeting, Chicago Linguistic Society, 1974.

The Role of Linguistics in a Theory of Poetry. Daedalus, summer, 1973.

Reprinted in in E. Haugen and M. Bloomfield (eds.), Language as a Human Problem, Norton, 1974.

Reprinted in Donald Freeman (ed.) Essays in Modern Stylistics, London: Methuen, 1981.

The role of Semantics in Language Acquisition. In L. Heilman (ed.), Procedings of the 11th International Congress of Linguists, Bologna, 1974.

A Note on the Vowel Features. In E. Kaisse and J. Hankamer (eds.), NELS V, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Linguistics Department, 1974.

Stress, Syntax, and Meter. Language, Vol. 71, No. 3, September 1975.

Russian Translation in Novoe v zarubezhnoj lingvistike IV, Moscow: Progress, 1980.

Comments on the Role of Phonology in Language. In J. Kavanagh, and J. Cutting (eds.), The Role of Speech in Language, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1975.

What are Theories of Generative Phonology about? In Jessica Wirth and D. Cohen (eds.), Testing Linguistic Hypotheses, Washington, D.C.: Hemisphere Publications, 1975.

Linguistic Aspects of the Poetic Formula. In R. Shannon (ed.), Oral Poetry and the Formula, Center for the Coordinator of Ancient and Modern Studies, Ann Arbor, 1976.

The Phonology of Old English Inflections (with Wayne O'Neil). Linguistic Inquiry 7, pp. 527-557, 1976.

Historical Linguistics and the Origin of Language. Origins and Evolution of Language and Speech, Annals of the New York Academy of Science, Vol 280, pp. 97-103, 1976.

Abstractness, Opacity, and Global Rules. In A. Koutsoudas (ed.), The Ordering and Application of Rules, Mouton, 1976.

Towards a Reconstruction of the Indo-European Accent (with Morris Halle). In L. Hyman (ed.), Studies in Stress and Accent, University of Southern California Occasional Papers in Linguistics, pp. 209-238, 1977.

On the Acquisition of Phonology (with L. Menn). In J. Macnamara (ed.), Language Learning and Thought, Academic Press, 1977.

Reprinted in Georgette Ioup and S. W. Weinberger (eds.), Interlanguage Phonology: the Acquisition of a Second Language Sound System, Cambridge, Mass.: Newbury House, 1987.

The Rhythmic Structure of English Verse. Linguistic Inquiry 8, pp. 189-247, 1977.

Current Progress in Generative Phonology. In J. Weinstock (ed.), Proceedings of the Third Conference on Scandinavian and General Linguistics, 1978.

Siddha and Asiddha in Paninian Phonology (with S. D. Joshi). In D. Dinnsen (ed.), The Differentiation of Phonological Theories, Indiana University Press, 1978.

Panini as a Variationist. MIT Press and Poona University Press, 1979-80.

Metrical Structure Assignment is Cyclic. Linguistic Inquiry 10.4, pp. 421-441, 1979.

Analogical Change as a Problem for Linguistic Theory. In B. Kachru (ed.), Linguistics in the Seventies: Directions and Progress, Studies in the Linguistic Sciences, 8,2, 1979.

Internal Constituent Structure and Accent in Russian Words (with M. Halle). In E.A. Scatton et. al. (eds.), Studies in Honor of Horace G. Lunt, Slavica, 1979.

Concluding Statement. E.C. Traugott, et al. (eds.), Papers from the 4th International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Amsterdam Studies in the Theory and History of Linguistics Science IV Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, Vol. 14, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1980.

Remarks on the Metrical Structure of the Syllable. In W.V. Dressler, Oskar E. Pfeiffer and John E. Rennison (eds.), Phonologica 1980. Innsbruck, 1981.

Review of P. Garde, Histoire de l'Accentuation Slave (with M. Halle). Language 57, pp. 150-181, 1981.

From Cyclic Phonology to Lexical Phonology. In H. V. D. Hulst and Norval Smith (eds.), The Structure of Phonological Representations, Dordrecht, 1982.

Reprinted in John Goldsmith (ed.) Readings in Phonology.

Explanation in Phonology. Dordrecht: Foris, 1982.

Lexical Phonology and Morphology. In In-Seok Yang (ed.), Linguistics in the Morning Calm, Seoul, 1982.

Theoretical Problems in Panini's Astadhyayi. (The 1981 Abhyankar Memorial Lectures: 1. Case, Control, and Ellipsis in Panini's Grammar, 2. The Ordering of Rules in Panini's Grammar, 3. The Vedic and Paninian Accent Systems). Poona, Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute (1982).

Word-formation and the Lexicon. In F. Ingemann (ed.) Proceedings of the 1982 Mid-America Lingistics Conference, Lawrence, Kansas.

Roman Jakobson and the Grammar of Poetry. In A Tribute to Roman Jakobson, Berlin: Mouton, 1983.

Reprinted (with changes) in M. Halle and H. MacLean (eds.), Roman Jakobson: what he taught us, Slavica Publishers, 1984.

On the Lexical Phonology of Icelandic. In C.-C. Elert, I. Johnson, and Eva Stangert (eds.), Nordic Prosody III, Stockholm: Almquist & Wiksell, 1984.

Lexical Phonology of Sanskrit Word Accent. In S.D. Joshi (ed.), Amrtadhara: R.N. Dandekar Felicitation Volume. Delhi: Ajanta Publications, 1984.

Syllable Structure in Finnish Phonology (with S.J. Keyser). In Mark Aronoff and Richard Oehrle (eds.), Language Sound Structure, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1984.

Some Consequences of Lexical Phonology. Phonology Yearbook, Vol. 2, 1985.

Comments. In D. Klatt and J. Perkell (eds.), Invariance and Variability of Speech Processes, N.Y.: Laurence Erlbaum Publishers. 1986.

On Theory and Interpretation. In Derek Attridge and Nigel Fabb (eds.), Linguistics and Literary Theory, Manchester University Press, 1987.

Phonological Change. In F. Newmeyer (ed.), The Cambridge Survey of Linguistics, Vol. 1. 1988.

Meter and Rhythm. Proceedings of the Stanford Metrics Conference (with Youmans, G., eds.). Academic Press, 1989.

Sprung Rhythm. (ed., with G. Youmans), Meter and Rhythm. Academic Press, 1989.

Analogy and Morphological Change. Oxford Encyclopedia of Linguistics, 1991. [Revised, in press.]

Generative Phonology (with Sharon Inkelas). Oxford Encyclopedia of Linguistics. 1991. [Revised, in press.]

On Paninian Studies. Journal of Indian Philosophy, Vol. 19:189-225 (1991).

Economy and the construction of the Sivasutras. In M. M. Deshpande and S. Bhate (eds.), Paninian Studies. Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1991.

Blocking in Non-derived Environments. In Ellen Kaisse and Sharon Hargus (eds.) Lexical Phonology. New York: Academic Press, 1993.

Paninian Linguistics. Encyclopedia of Languages and Linguistics, 1993.

Reprinted in R. Asher (ed.), Concise History of the Language Sciences. Pergamon Press, 1995.

The Phonological Basis of Sound Change. In John Goldsmith (ed.) Handbook of Phonological Theory. Oxford, Blackwell, 1995.

Reprinted in Richard Janda and Brian Joseph (eds.) Handbook of Historical Linguistics. Oxford, Blackwell, 2003.

Indo-European Origins of Germanic Syntax. In Ian Roberts and Adrian Battye (eds.), Clause Structure and Language Change, p. 140-167. Oxford University Press, 1994.

A Theory of Metrical Choice (with Kristin Hanson). Language 72:287-335, 1996.

The Shift to Head-Initial VP in Germanic. In H. Thrainsson, J. Peter, and S. Epstein (eds.), Comparative Germanic Syntax. Kluwer, 1996.

Allomorphy or Morphophonology? In Rajendra Singh (ed.) Trubetzkoy's Orphan: Proceedings of the Montréal Roundtable "Morphophonology: Contemporary Responses". Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1996.

Remarks on Denominal Verbs. In Alex Alsina, J. Bresnan and P. Sells (eds.), Argument Structure. Stanford: CSLI, 1997.

The Rise of Positional Licensing. In Ans van Kemenade and Nigel Vincent (eds.), Parameters of Morphosyntactic Change. Oxford University Press. 1997.

The Nature of Verse and its Consequences for the Mixed Form (with Kristin Hanson). In J. Harris and T. Ziolkowski (eds.), Prosimetrum. Cambridge: Brewer, 1997.

Aspect and Event Structure in Vedic. Yearbook of South Asian Languages and Linguistics, Vol. 1, 1998.

Partitive Case and Aspect. In Miriam Butt and Wilhelm Geuder (eds.), Projecting from the Lexicon. Stanford: CSLI, 1998.

Sievers' Law as Prosodic Optimization. In Jay Jasanoff, H. Craig Melchert, and Lisi Olivier (eds.) Mír Curad: Studies in Honor of Calvert Watkins. Innsbruck, 1998.

Covert Generalization. In Geert Booij, Angela Ralli, and Sergio Scalise (eds.), Proceedings of the First Mediterranean Conference of Morphology. Patras: University of Patras, 1998.

Analogy as Optimization. In Aditi Lahiri (ed.) Analogy, Levelling, Markedness. Principles of Change in Phonology and Morphology. Mouton de Gruyter (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs 127), 2000.

Opacity and Cyclicity. The Linguistic Review 17:351-366, 2000.

Structural Case in Finnish. Lingua 111.315-376, 2001.

Syllables and Moras in Arabic. In C. Fery and R. Vijver (ed.) The Syllable in Optimality Theory. Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Paradigm Effects and Opacity. CSLI monograph, to appear.

Clitics and Clause Structure in Greek (with Cleo Condoravdi). Journal of Greek Linguistics, 2:1-39, 2002.

Disjoint Reference and the Typology of Pronouns. In Ingrid Kaufmann and Barbara Stiebels (eds.), More than Words. Studia Grammatica 53. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2002.

Finnish Noun Inflection. In Diane Nelson and Satu Manninen (eds.) Generative Approaches to Finnic Linguistics. CSLI, 2003.

Towards a Typology of Disharmony (with Karl Pajusalu). The Linguistic Review 20.217-241, 2003.

Accent, syllable structure, and morphology in Ancient Greek. In Elizabeth Mela Athanasopoulou (ed.) Selected Papers from the 15th International Symposium on Theoretical and Applied Linguistics. Thessaloniki, 2003.

Blocking and periphrasis in inflectional paradigms. Yearbook of Morphology 2004,: 113-135, 2005. Dordrecht: Springer. 2004.

Clitics and clause structure: The Late Medieval Greek system (with Cleo Condoravdi). Journal of Greek Linguistics, 5.159-183, 2004.

The Vedic Injunctive: Historical and Synchronic Implications . The Yearbook of South Asian Languages and Linguistics, 219-235. Mouton, 2005.

Amphichronic linguistics vs. Evolutionary Phonology. Theoretical Linguistics 32: 217-236, 2006.

Iambic inversion in Finnish. In Mickael Suominen et al. (edd.) A Man of Measure : Festschrift in Honour of Fred Karlsson on his 60th Birthday, 138-148. Turku: The Linguistic Association of Finland, 2006.

A Modular Metrics for Folk Verse. In B. Elan Dresher and Nila Friedberg (eds.) Formal approaches to poetry, 7-49. Mouton, 2006.

The extended siddha-principle. (With S.D.Joshi). Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute 2005, 1-26 (2006).

Panini is slick, but he isn't mean. Nagoya Studies in Indian Culture and Buddhism: Sambhasa 26: 1-28, 2007.

Tracking Jespersen's cycle (with Cleo Condoravdi). In Janse, M., B.D. Joseph, and A. Ralli (edd.) Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference of Modern Greek Dialects and Linguistic Theory. Mytilene: Doukas, 2007.

Where Stochastic OT fails: a discrete model of metrical variation. Proceedings of the Thirty-First Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society. In press.

Fenno-Swedish Quantity: Contrast in Stratal OT. In Andrew Nevins and Bert Vaux (edd.) Rules, constraints, and phonological phenomena. Oxford University Press, in press.

Universals constrain change; change results in typological generalizations. In Jeff Good (ed.) Language Universals and Language Change. Oxford University Press, in press.

Grammaticalization as optimization. In Dianne Jonas (ed.) DIGS VIII Proceedings. Oxford University Press. To appear.