Institutional Reform and Democratic Consolidation in Korea

Table of Contents

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From military rule to electoral politics to economic crisis: Where does Korea's new democracy go from here?

Having undergone a transition from military authoritarian rule in 1987, Korea quickly became the most vigorous new democracy in East Asia. But the onset of a major economic crisis revealed serious problems with Korea's political and economic institutions. With that crisis - and the subsequent election of the country's most determined opposition figure as president - have arisen new opportunities for institutional reform.

What do these mixed currents of progress and crisis mean for future democratic reforms? And what lessons can other new Asian democracies learn from the first decade of Korean democratization? Institutional Reform and Democratic Consolidation in Korea examines the problems and prospects for democracy in Korea a decade after the transition from military authoritarian rule. This volume presents a wide-ranging and balanced account of the key factors shaping the quality and viability of Korean democracy - including the political party system, executive-legislative relations, political and economic reform, local government, civil society, the mass media, and the changing attitudes of the Korean people. The authors evaluate the reform agenda of recent years and identify a number of additional institutional changes that are needed to deepen and consolidate this crucial experiment with democracy in East Asia.

The authors assess the progress of democratization at every level of the political and state apparatus: political parties and elections, the workings of the national legislature, the administration of former president Kim Young Sam, and local government. They also examine the level to which democracy has penetrated economic and civil society, looking at the transformation of the news media and the continuing efforts to reforms the chaebols - the huge conglomerates that have dominated Korean business. And they analyze the microlevel of Koreans' commitment to democratic ideals, showing how a new civic mobilization among the people has deepened electoral democracy and made perhaps the most important contributions to democratic change in Korea.

ABOUT THE EDITORS: Larry Diamond is Senior Research Fellow at the Hoover Institution and coeditor of the Journal of Democracy. Doh Chull Shin holds the endowed chair in Korean politics at the University of Missouri at Columbia.

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Acknowledgements
vii

Contributors
ix

1. Introduction: Institutional Reform and Democratic Consolidation in Korea
Larry Diamond and Doh Chull Shin
1

2. Electroal Politics and Political Parties
Hoon Juang
43

3. Legislative-Executive Relations and Legispative Reform
Chan Wook Park
73

4. The Rise and Fall of Kim Young Sam's Embedded Reformism
Young Jo Lee
97

5. Delayed Decentralization and Incomplete Democratic Consolidation
Kyoung-Ryung Seong
127

6. Political Democratization and the News Media
Seung-Mock Yang
149

7. Reforming the Chaebols
Eun Mee Kim
171

8. Economic Crisis and the Future of Oligarchy
Mark Andrew Abdollahian, Jacek Kugler, and Hilton L. Root
199

9. The Evolution of Popular Support for Democracy during Kim Young Sam's Government
Doh Chull Shin
233

10. Mass Perceptions of Democracy
Sook-Jong Lee
257

11. Civic Mobilization for Domestic Reform
Sunhyuk Kim
279

12. Asian Values, Korean Values, and Democratic Consolidation
Francis Fukuyama
305

Appendix: Conference Agenda
335

Index
339

 
 
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