Spinoff Products and services

Edited by Les Earnest [LES] <les at cs.stanford.edu>

2015.04.20

Products and services created by Stanford Spinners are listed here.

Adventure, an early interactive game by Don Woods [DON].

Apple Lisa Computer, software by Larry Tesler [TES] but it was too expensive to succeed.

Apple Macintosh Computer initiated by Jef Raskin [JEF].

Apple Newton Tablet developed by Larry Tesler [TES]. The first tablet by Apple.

ARPAnet by LES, Vint Cerf [CRF], Andy Moorer [JAM], et al. The first general purpose computer network, composed solely of timesharing systems.

California YumYum booklets and online restaurant reviews by LES. Sometime around early 1973 Tom Binford [TOB] posted a couple of local restaurant reviews where they could be read by anyone at SAIL. When LES was made Local Arrangements Chair for the First International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence in 1973 he solicited more reviews from others in SAIL and got Kasee Menke [KNM], who was JMC's secretary, to compile them into a handout brochure for people coming to the conference. He later decided to turn it into a booklet, which was sold at the Stanford Book Store, and Kasee came up with the name YumYum. She later wandered off and LES kept producing it, changing the name to California YumYum because of its geographical scope.

Still later, when there came to be more people online, it was posted it in a public area on SAIL so that anyone could read it for free. That apparently was the first online review service anywhere in the world, an idea that has since been exploited by Yelp.

We notice that Yelp has a problem that YumYum also encountered, namely that owners of restaurants submit glowing reviews or get others to do it for them. When LES saw such things he generally did a bit of investigating and flushed them when appropriate but that is getting to be harder to do these days.

Because YumYum files have been archived on saildart.org we still have access to all the editions that were produced, though since restaurants generally change over time, those are not very useful listings today.

Checkers Program by Arthur Samuel [ALS]

Chess Program by John McCarthy [JMC], Alan Kotok [AK], . . .

Cosmos (television original) by Carl Sagan, a former SAIL Spinner.

Curse by LES was the first cursive handwriting recognizer, which used the first digital dictionary to do spell checking.

DENDRAL by HPP, software for chemical analysis.

Expert Systems by HPP

FINGER by LES was created in 1975 to keep track of SAIL prople but, after a few modifications, was used in different ways, including social networking and as a blog-like forum that could be used to coordinate group activities.

How a nosy bureaucrat accidentally created the first social networking and blogging service by LES. Many people seem to think that computerized social networking is a recent phenomenon, but it actually blossomed first in 1975 aided by a program called Finger that was written for a different purpose, namely snooping on computer users. As sometimes happens when computer programs get into the hands of users, they flip it over and used it for a different purpose, in this case for social networking and blogging, though those two terms did not come into general use until about 25 years later.

Galaxy Game by Bill Pitts [BP], Phil Petit [PMP], Ted Panofsky [TED] was the first commercial video game, a few weeks ahead of Atari.

Go program by George White [GMW]

Google autonomous road vehicles by Sebastian Thrun, et al

IMAP Mail Protocol invented by Mark Crispin [MRC] & Bill Yeager and became widely used for mail handling on the internet.

Internet by Vint Cerf [CRF], Bob Kahn, et al

Lunar Lander by Steve Russell [SRR] and Bill Weiher [WFW]?

MAD DOCTOR game by ?

METAFONT by Donald Knuth [DEK], . . .

NS network news service by Martin Frost[ME], John McCarthy [JMC], LES. The first network news service, which was shut down after the New York Times and Associated Press discovered that we were distributing their news with automatic indexing and keyword retrieval services free to everyone on ARPAnet.

Prancing Pony by LES. The first computer controlled vending machine in the world.

PUB a document compiler by Larry Tesler [TES] & LES.

Public key cryptography by Whit Diffie [WD], Martin Hellman, Ron Rivest [RLR]

S1 Computer at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory by Curt Widdoes, Lowell Wood, Tom McWilliams, Mike Farmwald, et al

SAIL Bitmap Terminals with audio and video switches by David Poole [DWP], LES, Lynn Quam [PDQ], Vic Scheinman [VDS], David Silver [DS]

SAIL Compiler, a dialect of Algol 60 by . .. .

SAIL Keyboard by LES

SAIL Video Switch by LES

SAIL Videos

SAILDART by Bruce Baumgart [BGB] with Martin Frost [ME], LES

Spacewar by Steve Russell [SRR], Dave Poole [DWP], Phil Petit [PMP]

SPELL, first spelling checker that suggested word replacements by Ralph Gorin [REG] & LES

Stanford Network Routers by Andy Bechtolsheim [AVB] & Bill Yeager, which were swiped by Cisco.

Stanley, winner of the 2005 DARPA Challenge for autonomous vehicles by Sebastian Thrun, et al

SUDS (Stanford University Drawing System) by Phil Petit [PMP], Dave Poole [DWP], Dick Helliwell [RPH]

Super Foonly Computer by David Poole [DWP], Phil Petit [PMP], et al

SUN Workstations (Stanford University Network) and Sun Workstations by Andy Bechtolsheim [AVB]

TCP/IP (Internet Protocols) by Vint Cerf [CRF], Dick Karp [RAK], . . .

TeX by Donald Knuth [DEK], Luis Trabb Pardo [LTP], David Fuchs [DRF], et al .. .

Thor—a display based time sharing system by John McCarthy, Dow Brian, Gary Feldman, and John Allen. Thor 's development was sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and used a DEC PDP-1 computer with a twelve console display system made by Philco. It was evidently the first display-based general purpose timesharing system created anywhere in the world.

Yamaha Music Synthesizers by John Chowning [JC], Andy Moorer [JAM], . . .