S T A N F O R D  U N I V E R S I T Y


[Photo credit: Rod Searcy. Click here for HIGH RES photo]





Landau Economics Building, Office 238

579 Jane Stanford Way, Stanford, CA 94305

pdupas at stanford dot edu



Development Economics

   > Gender

   > Health

   > Education

   > Financial Inclusion

   > Governance






Pascaline Dupas
(pronouns: she/her)

Professor of Economics
Faculty Director, Stanford King Center on Global Development
Senior Fellow, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research

Senior Fellow, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies



Welcome to my webpage. I am a development economist seeking to better understand challenges facing poor households in lower income countries. My aim is to identify tools and policies that can help overcome these challenges and reduce global poverty. Follow me on twitter: @DupasPascaline

Research is a collaborative process. I am fortunate to work with many wonderful people around the globe. Beyond Stanford, I am affiliated with the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL), the Global Development group at Brookings, and the Center for Effective Global Action, among others.

My research papers are below. The datasets for all published papers are available for download by clicking the [DATA] link next to each paper. For more development-related data sources, check the BREAD website.



[CV in PDF]



■   Sophie's choice? Not quite

      (February 2015). My op-ed response to a January 2015 New York Times article on bed nets and fish.




■    Women Left Behind: Gender Disparities in Utilization of Government Health Insurance in India

     (with Radhika Jain)

      [PDF] May 2021.


■    The Impact of Free Secondary Education: Experimental Evidence from Ghana

     (with Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer)

      [PDF] Updated June 2021.


■    Gender and the Dynamics of Economics Seminars

     (with Alicia Modestino, Muriel Niederle, Justin Wolfers, and the Seminar Dynamics Collective)

      [PDF] May 2021.


■    The Good Wife? Reputation Dynamics and Financial Decision-Making Inside the Household

     (with Nina Buchmann and Roberta Ziparo)

      [PDF] May 2021.


■    Valuing the Time of the Self-Employed

     (with Daniel Agness, Travis Baseler, Sylvain Chassang and Erik Snowberg)

      [PDF] January  2021.


■    The Effects of India’s COVID-19 Lockdown on Critical Non-COVID Health Care and Outcomes

     (with Radhika Jain)

      [PDF] September 2020.


■    Expanding Access to Clean Water for the Rural Poor: Experimental Evidence from Malawi

     (with Basimenye Nhlema, Zachary Wagner, Aaron Wolf and Emily Wroe)

      [PDF] August 2021. Conditionally accepted, AEJ: Economic Policy


■    Demand and Welfare Analysis in Discrete Choice Models with Social Interactions 

     (with Debopam Bhattacharya and Shin Kanaya)

      [PDF] Revised August 2021. Resubmitted, Review of Economic Studies





■    COVID-19 Related Immunization Disruptions in Rajasthan, India: A Retrospective Observational Study

     (with Radhika Jain, Ambika Chopra, Camille Falezan and Mustufa Patel)

      [PDF] 2021. Forthcoming, Vaccine     


■    Sex, Lies and Measurement: Do Indirect Response survey methods work?

     (with Erica Chuang, Elise Huillery and Juliette Seban)

      [PDF] 2021. Journal of Development Economics  148 (2021) 102582    [DATA Cote d'Ivoire] [DATA Cameroon]


■   The Daily Grind: Cash Needs and Labor Supply

      (with Jonathan Robinson and Santiago Saavedra)

      [PDF] [Online Appendix]  2020. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization  177: 399-414.  [DATA]


■   Decentralization and Efficiency of Subsidy Targeting: Evidence from Chiefs in Rural Malawi

     (with Maria Pia Basurto Preciado and Jonathan Robinson)

      [PDF]  2020. Journal of Public Economics 185 (104047). 


■   HIV Prevention Among Youth: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Voluntary Counseling and Testing for HIV and Male Condom Distribution in Rural Kenya

     (with Esther Duflo, Thomas Ginn, Grace Makana Barasa, Moses Baraza, Victor Pouliquen and Vandana Sharma)

      [PDF]  2019. Plos ONE 14 (7): e0219535. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pone.0219535   [DATA]


■   The Effect of Savings Accounts on Interpersonal Financial Relationships: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Rural Kenya

      (with Anthony Keats and Jonathan Robinson)

      [PDF] [Survey Instruments]  2019. Economic Journal  129 (617): 273-310.     [DATA]


■   Infrastructure Quality Assessment in Africa using Satellite Imagery and Deep Learning

      (with Barak Oshri, Annie Hu, Peter Adelson, Xiao Chen, Jeremy Weinstein, Marshall Burke, David Lobell and Stefano Ermon)

      [PDF] 2018. Proc. 24th ACM SIGKDD Conference 2018 (KDD 2018)          


■   Banking the Unbanked? Evidence from three countries

     (with Dean Karlan, Jonathan Robinson and Diego Ubfal)

      [PDF] 2018. AEJ: Applied Economics  Vol. 10 (2), pp. 257–97.                    [DATA]


■   Risk Information, Risk Salience, and Adolescent Sexual Behavior: Experimental Evidence from Cameroon

      (with Elise Huillery and Juliette Seban)

      [PDF] 2018. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization Vol. 145, pp. 151-175, January 2018  [DATA]


■   Governance and Effectiveness of Public Health Subsidies: Evidence from Ghana, Kenya and Uganda

       (with Rebecca Dizon-Ross and Jonathan Robinson)

      [PDF]  2017. Journal of Public Economics Vol. 156, pp. 150-169, December 2017                  [DATA]


■   Supply and Demand for Improved Sanitation: Results from Randomized Pricing Experiments in Rural Tanzania

     (with Rachel Peletz, Alicea Cock-Esteb, Dorothea Ysenburg, Salim Haji and Ranjiv Kush)

      [PDF] 2017. Environmental Science and Technology  51 (12), pp 7138–7147, May 2017. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b03846           


■    Impacts and Determinants of Health Levels in Low-Income Countries

      (with Edward Miguel)

      [PDF] 2017. Handbook of Field Experiments Vol 2, pp3-94. 2017. North Holland, Eds. A. Banerjee and E. Duflo


■    Targeting health subsidies through a nonprice mechanism: A randomized controlled trial in Kenya

      (with Vivian Hoffmann, Michael Kremer and Alix Peterson Zwane)

      [PDF] 2016. Science Vol. 353(6302), pp. 889-895, 26 August 2016           [DATA]


■    Challenges in Banking the Rural Poor: Evidence from Kenya's Western Province

      (with Sarah Green, Anthony Keats, and Jonathan Robinson)

      [PDF] 2016. in African Successes Vol. III: Modernization and Development. (NBER Conference Report.)

        Sebastian Edwards, Simon Johnson, and David N. Weil, editors. University of Chicago Press.  


■    Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya

     (with Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer)

      [PDF] 2015. American Economic Review Vol. 105(9), pp. 2257-97, September 2015           [DATA]


■    School Governance, Teacher Incentives and Pupil-Teacher Ratios: Experimental Evidence from Kenyan Primary Schools

      (with Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer)             [DATA]

      [PDF] 2015. Journal of Public Economics, Vol. 123, pp. 92-110, March 2015.

      (Previously circulated as "Additional Resources versus Organizational Changes in Education: Experimental Evidence from Kenya")


■    Turning a Shove into a Nudge? A "Labeled Cash Transfer" for Education

     (with Najy Benhassine, Florencia Devoto, Esther Duflo, and Victor Pouliquen)

      [PDF] 2015. AEJ: Economic Policy 7(3), pp. 86-125, August 2015                 [DATA]


■    Price Subsidies, Diagnostic Tests, and Targeting of Malaria Treatment

      (with Jessica Cohen and Simone Schaner)

      [PDF] 2015. American Economic Review 105(2), pp. 609-645, February 2015             [DATA]

      Web Appendices:  [Web Appendix M]   [Web Appendix H]


■    Getting Essential Health Products to Their End Users: Subsidize, but How Much?

      [PDF] 2014. Science, Vol. 345, Issue 6202, pp. 1279-1281, 12 September 2014.


■    Global Health Systems: Pricing and User Fees

      [PDF] Encyclopedia of Health Economics  vol. 2, Anthony J. Culyer, Ed. (Elsevier, San Diego, 2014). pp. 136-141.


■   Short-Run Subsidies and Long-Run Adoption of New Health Products: Evidence from a Field Experiment

     [PDF] 2014. Econometrica 82(1), pp. 197-28, January 2014        [DATA]


■    Why Don't the Poor Save More? Evidence from Health Savings Experiments (with Jonathan Robinson)

      [PDF] [Web Appendix] 2013. American Economic Review  103(4), pp. 1138-71, June 2013        [DATA]


■    Savings Constraints and Microenterprise Development: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya

      (with Jonathan Robinson)

      [PDF] 2013. AEJ: Applied Economics  5(1), pp. 163-92, January 2013     [DATA]


■    The (Hidden) Costs of Political Instability: Evidence from Kenya's 2007 Election Crisis

      (with Jonathan Robinson)

      [PDF] 2012. Journal of Development Economics 99(2), pp. 314-329, November 2012 


■    Happiness on Tap: Piped Water Adoption in Urban Morocco

      (with Florencia Devoto, Esther Duflo, William Pariente and Vincent Pons)

      [PDF] 2012. AEJ: Economic Policy 4(4), pp. 68-99, November 2012     [DATA]


■   Inferring Welfare Maximizing Treatment Assignment under Budget Constraints

     (with Debopam Bhattacharya)                                        [DATA]

      [PDF] 2012. Journal of Econometrics 167(1), pp. 168-196, March 2012.


■    Health Behavior in Developing Countries

      [PDF]  Annual Review of Economics Vol. 3, pp. 425-449, September 2011.


■    Peer Effects, Teacher Incentives, and the Impact of Tracking: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Kenya

     (with Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer)

      [PDF] [Web Appendix] [CORRIGENDUM] 2011. American Economic Review 101(5), pp. 1739-74, August 2011.   [DATA] 


■    Do Teenagers Respond to HIV Risk Information? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya

      [PDF] [CORRIGENDUM] 2011.  AEJ: Applied Economics 3 (1), pp.1-36, January 2011.       [DATA]

      (Previously circulated as "Relative Risks and the Market for Sex: Teenagers, Sugar Daddies, and HIV in Kenya")


■   Coping with Political Instability: Micro Evidence from Kenya’s 2007 Election Crisis

     (with Jonathan Robinson)

      [PDF]  2010. American Economic Review P&P 100(2):120-124, May 2010.


■   Free Distribution or Cost-Sharing? Evidence from a Randomized Malaria Prevention Experiment

      (with Jessica Cohen)

      [PDF]  [Web Appendix] 2010. Quarterly Journal of Economics 125 (1), pp.1-45, February 2010.      [DATA]


■   What matters (and what does not) in households' decision to invest in malaria prevention?

      [PDF]  2009. American Economic Review P&P  99(2): 224-230, May 2009.      [DATA]




■   The Impact of Conditional In-Kind Subsidies on Preventative Health Behaviors: Evidence from Kenya

      [PDF]  July 2005


■  Comparing the Paths of the Unemployed in France and the United States (with Daniel Cohen)

      [PDF]  (in French)  Economie et Statistique, 2000, vol. 332-333, pp.17-26.