Selected Publications


2013 Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Graeme Trousdale. Constructionalization and Constructional Changes. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2005 Laurel Brinton and Elizabeth Closs Traugott. Lexicalization and Language Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Japanese trans. by Sukenari Hino, Tokyo: Kyushu University Press, 2009; Chinese trans. Luo Yaohua, Zheng Youjie, Fan Chengcheng and Chai Yanyan, Beijing: Commercial Press, 2013.
2003 Paul Hopper and Elizabeth Closs Traugott, Grammaticalization. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (substantially revised and enlarged second edition).
2002 Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Richard B. Dasher, Regularity in Semantic Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
1993 Paul Hopper and Elizabeth Closs Traugott, Grammaticalization. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Japanese trans. by Sukenari Hino, Tokyo: Kyushu University Press (2003); translated into Chinese by Yinfeng Liang, Shanghai: Xue lin chu ban she (2006).
1980 Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Mary L. Pratt, Linguistics for Students of Literature. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, Inc.
1972 A History of English Syntax. New York: Holt, Rinehart,and Winston.

Edited Volumes

2012 Terttu Nevalainen and Elizabeth Closs Traugott, eds. The Oxford Handbook of the History of English. New York: Oxford University Press.
2010 Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Graeme Trousdale, eds. Gradience, Gradualness, and Grammaticalization. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
1991 Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Bernd Heine, eds., Approaches to Grammaticalization, 2 Vols. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
1986 Elizabeth Closs Traugott, Alice ter Meulen, Judith Snitzer Reilly, and Charles A. Ferguson, eds., On Conditionals. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
1985 Suzanne Romaine and Elizabeth Closs Traugott, eds., Papers from the Workshop on Sociohistorical Linguistics. Folia Linguistica Historica.
1980 Elizabeth Closs Traugott, Rebecca La Brum, and Susan Shepherd,eds., Papers from the Fourth International Conference on Historical Linguistics. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

Selected Articles

2012a “On the persistence of ambiguous linguistic contexts over time: Implications for corpus research on micro-changes”, in Joybrato Mukherjee and Magnus Huber, ads., Corpus Linguistics and Variation in English: Theory and Description, 231-246. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
2012b “The status of onset contexts in analysis of micro-changes”, in Merja Kytö, ed., English Corpus Linguistics: Crossing Paths, 221-255. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
2012c “Intersubjectification and clause periphery”, in Lieselotte Brems, Lobke Ghesquière, and Freek Van de Velde, eds., Intersections of Intersubjectivity, special issue of English Text Construction 5: 7-28. (PDF)
2012d “Middle English: Pragmatics and discourse”, in Alexander Bergs and Laurel J. Brinton, eds., English Historical Linguistics of English: An International Handbook, HSK 34.1, 466-480. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton.
2011a “Pragmatics and language change”, in Keith Allan and Kasia Jaszczolt, eds., The Cambridge Handbook of Pragmatics, 549-565. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (PDF)
2011b “Grammaticalization and (inter)subjectification”, in Hiroyuko Takada, Michi Shiina, and Noriko Onodera, eds., translated into Japanese by Hiroji Fukumoto. Introduction to Historical Pragmatics, 59-89. Tokyo: Taishukan.
2011c “Modality from a historical perspective”, in Ashwini Deo, ed. Language and Linguistics Compass 5: 381-396. Wiley-Blackwell.
2011d Chaofen Sun and Elizabeth Closs Traugott. “Grammaticalization and word order change”, in Heike Narrog and Bernd Heine, eds., Oxford Handbook of Grammaticalization, 378-388. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2010a Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Graeme Trousdale. “Gradience, gradualness and grammaticalization: How do they intersect?” in Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Graeme Trousdale, eds., Gradience, Gradualness, and Grammaticalization, 19-44. Amsterdam: Benjamins. (PDF)
2010b “Revisiting subjectification and intersubjectification”, in Kristin Davidse, Lieven Vandelanotte, and Hubert Cuyckens, eds., Subjectification, Intersubjectification and Grammaticalization, 29-70. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. (PDF)
2010c “Grammaticalization”, in Silvia Luraghi and Vit Bubenik, eds., Continuum Companion to Historical Linguistics, 269-283. London: Continuum Press. (PDF)
2010d “Dialogic contexts as motivations for syntactic change”, in Robert A. Cloutier, Anne Marie Hamilton-Brehm, and William Kretzschmar, eds., Variation and Change in English Grammar and Lexicon, 11-27. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. (PDF)
2010e “La linguistique: étude a l’aptitude au langage”, translated into French by Christine Pagnoulle. Special issue on The Humanities Today edited by Anders Pettersson, Diogène 229-230: 31-51.
2009 ”Lexicalization and grammaticalization”, “Subjectification, intersubjectification, and grammaticalization”, Studies in Historical Linguistics 2: 241-271. Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Translated into Chinese by Chaofen Sun.
2008a "Grammaticalization, constructions and the incremental development of language: Suggestions from the development of degree modifiers in English", in Regine Eckardt, Gerhard Jäger, and Tonjes Veenstra, eds., Variation, Selection, Development--Probing the Evolutionary Model of Language Change. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 219-250. (PDF)
2008b "Grammatikalisierung, emergente Konstruktionen und der Begriff der 'Neuheit'", in Anatol Stefanowitsch and Kerstin Fischer, eds., Konstruktionsgrammatik II. Von der Konstruktion zur Grammatik. Translated by Arne Zeschel. Tuebingen: Stauffenburg, 5-32.
2008c "The state of English language studies: A linguistic perspective", in Marianne Thormaehlen, ed., English Now: Papers from the 20th IAUPE Conference in Lund , 199-225. Lund: Centre for Languages and Literature, Lund University.
2008d “Grammaticalization and Construction Grammar I, II”, Studies in Historical Linguistics 1: 235-264. Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Translated into Chinese by Chaofen Sun.
2008e "'All that he endeavoured to prove was...': On the emergence of grammatical constructions in dialogic contexts", in Robin Cooper and Ruth Kempson, eds., Language in Flux: Dialogue Coordination, Language Variation, Change and Evolution . London: Kings College Publications, 143-177. (PDF)
2007a Brinton, Laurel J. and Elizabeth Closs Traugott. "Lexicalization and grammaticalization all over again", in Joseph C. Salmons and Shannon Dubenion-Smith, eds., Historical Linguistics 2005: Selected Papers from the 17th International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Madison, Wisconsin, 31 July - 5 August 2005. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: Benjamins, 3-19.
2007b "Old English Left-dislocations: Their structure and information status", Folia Linguistica, 41:405-441.
2007c "The concepts of constructional mismatch and type-shifting from the perspective of grammaticalization", Cognitive Linguistics 18: 523-557.
2006a "Historical aspects of modality", in William Frawley, ed., The Expression of Modality, 107-139. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2006b "The semantic development of scalar focus modifiers", in Ans van Kemenade and Bettelou Los, eds., Handbook on the History of English, 335-359. Oxford: Blackwell.
2006c Buchstaller, Isabelle and Elizabeth Closs Traugott. "The lady was demonyak: Historical aspects of adverb ALL". English Language and Linguistics 10:345-370.
2005 "Lexicalization and grammaticalization", in A. Cruse, F. Hundsnurscher, M. Job, P. R. Lutzeier, eds., Lexikologie/-Lexicology. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, Vol. 2: 1702-1712.
2004a "Historical pragmatics", in Laurence R. Horn and Gregory Ward,eds., Handbook of Pragmatics. Oxford: Blackwell, 538-561.
2004b "A critique of Levinson's view of Q- and M-inferences inhistorical pragmatics", Journal of Historical Pragmatics: 5:1-25.
2004c "Exaptation and grammaticalization", in Minoji Akimoto, ed.,Linguistic Studies Based on Corpora. Tokyo, Hituzi SyoboPublishing Co., 133-156. (PDF)
2004d "Le rôle de l'évolution des marqueurs discursifs dans une théorie de la grammaticalization", in M. M. Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest and Shirley Carter-Thomas, eds., Structure Informationallée et Particules Énonciatives: Essai de Typologie. Paris: L'Harmattan, 295-333. (Trans. by M. M. Jocelyne Fernandez-Vest of "The role of discourse markers in a theory of grammaticalization", paper presented at the 12th International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Manchester, UK, August 1995 (PDF)).
2003a "From subjectification tointersubjectification", in Raymond Hickey, ed., Motives forLanguage Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press,124-139.
2003b "Constructions in grammaticalization", in Brian D. Joseph andRichard D. Janda, eds., A Handbook of Historical Linguistics.Oxford: Blackwell, 624-647.
2003c "Semantic change", in William J. Frawley, ed.,International Encyclopedia of Linguistics, Vol. 2: 394-397.Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
2002 "From etymology to historical pragmatics", in Donka Minkova andRobert Stockwell, eds., Studying the History of the EnglishLanguage: Millennial perspectives. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter,19-49.
2000 Scott Schwenter and Elizabeth Closs Traugott, "Invokingscalarity: The development of in fact", Journal of Historical Pragmatics 1: 7-25.
1999a "In fiction, whose speech, whose vision?", in Rebecca S.Wheeler, ed., Language Alive in the Classroom. Westport, CN:Praeger, Greenwood Publishing Group, 167-177.
1999b "The role of pragmatics in a theory of semantic change", inJef Verschueren, ed., Pragmatics in 1998: Selected Papers from the6th International Pragmatics Conference, II. Antwerp:International Pragmatics Association, 93-102.
1998 Whitney Tabor and Elizabeth Closs Traugott. "Structural scopeexpansion and grammaticalization", in Anna Giacalone Ramat and Paul J.Hopper, eds., The Limits of Grammaticalization. Amsterdam:Benjamins, 227-270.
1997a "Unless and but conditionals: A historicalperspective", in Angeliki Athenasiadou and René Dirven, eds.,Conditionals Again. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 145-167.
1997b Rachel Nordlinger and Elizabeth Closs Traugott. "Scope andthe development of epistemic modality", English Language andLinguistics 1: 295-317.
1996 "Subjectification and the development of epistemic meaning: Thecase of promise and threaten", in Toril Swan and OlafJansen Westvik, eds., Modality in Germanic Languages. Berlin:Mouton de Gruyter, 185-210.
1995a "Subjectification in grammaticalization", in Dieter Stein and Susan Wright, eds., Subjectivity and Subjectivisation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 37-54.
1995b Scott Schwenter and Elizabeth Closs Traugott. "The semantic and pragmatic development of substitutive complex prepositions in English", in Andreas H. Jucker, ed., Historical Pragmatics. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 243-273.
1994 "Grammaticalization and lexicalization", in R.E. Asher and J.M.Y. Simpson, eds., The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Pergamon Press, Vol. III, 1481-86. Repr. in Keith Brown and Jim Miller, eds., Concise Encyclopedia of Grammatical Categories. Oxford: Elsevier Science (1999).
1992a "Syntax", in Richard Hogg, ed., The Cambridge History of the English Language I; Old English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 168=289.
1992b "Semantics-pragmatics and textual analysis", Language and Style 22: 51-65 (1989).
1991a Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Ekkehard König. "The semantics-pragmatics of grammaticalization revisited", in Elizabeth C. Traugott and Bernd Heine, eds., Approaches to Grammaticalization. Amsterdam: Benjamins, Vol. I, 189-218.
1991b "Speech act verbs: A historical perspective", in Linda R. Waugh and Steven Rudy, eds., New Vistas in Grammar: Invariance and Variation, Amsterdam: Benjamins, 387-406.
1989a "On the rise of epistemic meanings in English: An example of subjectification in semantic change", Language 65: 31-55.
1989b "On meter in Auden's 'Streams'", in Paul Kiparsky and Gilbert Youmans, eds., Phonetics and Phonology I: Rhythm and Meter. San Diego: Academic Press, 291-304.
1988 "Pragmatic strengthening and grammaticalization", Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistic Society, 406-416.
1987 "Literacy and language change: the special case of speech act verbs", in Judith Langer, ed., Language, Literacy, and Culture: Issues of Society and Schooling. Norwood: Ablex, 11-27. Repr. inInterchange 18: 32-47 (1987).
1986a "On the origins of 'and' and 'but' connectives in English", inStudies in Language 10: 137-150.
1986b "'Conventional' and 'dead' metaphors revisited", in WolfgangPaprotté and René Dirven, eds., The Ubiquity ofMetaphor: Metaphor in Language and Thought, Amsterdam: Benjamins,17-56.
1985a "On conditionals", in John Haiman, ed., Iconicity inSyntax. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 289-307.
1985b Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Suzanne Romaine. "Some questionsfor the concept of 'style' in sociohistorical linguistics", in SuzanneRomaine and Elizabeth Closs Traugott, eds., Papers from theWorkshop on Sociohistorical Linguistics, Folia LinguisticaHistorica 6,1:7-39.
1985c John R. Rickford and Elizabeth Closs Traugott. "Symbol ofpowerlessness and degeneracy, or symbol of solidarity and truth?Paradoxical attitudes toward pidgins and creoles", in Sidney Greenbaum,ed., The English Language Today: Public Attitudes Toward theEnglish Language, London: Pergamon Press, 262-261.
1982a "From propositional to textual and expressive meanings; Somesemantic-pragmatic aspects of grammaticalization", in Winfred P.Lehmann and Yakov Malkiel, eds., Perspectives on HistoricalLinguistics. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 245-271.
1982b Ekkehard König and Elizabeth Closs Traugott. "Divergenceand apparent convergence in the development of 'Yet' and 'Still'", inM. Macaulay and R. D. Gensler, et al. eds., Proceedings of theEighth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistic Society,170-179.
1981 "The voice of varied linguistic and cultural groups in fiction: Some criteria for the use of language varieties in writing", in Marcia F. Whiteman, ed., Writing: The Nature, Development, and Teaching ofWritten Communication, Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum Associates, 1981,Vol. I:111-136.
1978 "On the expression of spatio-temporal relations in language", in Joseph H. Greenberg, Charles A. Ferguson, and Edith A. Moravcsik,eds., Universals of Human Language, Vol. III. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 369-400.
1977 "Natural semantax: Its role in the study of second language acquisition", in S. Pit Corder and Eddie Roulet, eds., The NotionsSimplification, Interlanguages, and Pidgins and their Relation to Second Language Pedagogy, Geneva: Droz, 132-162.
1976 "Pidgins, creoles, and the origins of Vernacular Black English", in Deborah Harrison and Thomas Trabasso, eds., BlackEnglish: A Seminar, Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum Associates, 57-93.
1974 "Explorations in linguistic elaboration: Language change, language acquisition, and the genesis of spatio-temporal terms", in John M. Anderson and Charles Jones, eds., Historical LinguisticsI, New York: American Elsevier, 263-314.
1973 "Le changement linguistique et sa relation a l'acquisition de la langue maternelle", Langages 32: 39-52.
1969a "Toward a Grammar of Syntactic Change", Lingua23:1-27; German trans. in Dieter Cherubim, ed., Sprachwandel:Reader zur diachronischen Sprachwissenschaft, Berlin: de Gruyter,1975.
1969b Elizabeth Closs Traugott and John Waterhouse. "Already and yet: A suppletive set of aspect-markers?", Journal of Linguistics 5: 287-304.
1965 Elizabeth Closs. Diachronic syntax and generative grammar. Language 41: 402-414. Revised version in a) C. Scott and J. Erickson, eds., Readings for the History of the English Language. Allyn and Bacon, 1968; b) D. Reibel and S. Schane, eds.,Modern Studies in English, Prentice-Hall, 1969; c) R. Lass, ed., Readings in the History of English, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1969; d) A. R. Keiler, ed., Reader in Historical and Comparative Linguistics, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1972.

Articles in Press

“On the function of the epistemic adverbs surely and no doubt at the left and right peripheries of the clause”, in Kate Beeching and Ulrich Detges, eds., The role of the Left and Right Periphery in Semantic Change. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

“Toward a Coherent Account of Grammatical Constructionalization”, in Jóhanna Barðdal, Spike Gildea, Elena Smirnova, and Lotte Sommerer, eds., Historical Construction Grammar. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

“Identifying micro-changes in a particular linguistic change-type: The case of subjectification”. In Päivi Pahta and Merja Kytö, eds., The Cambridge Handbook of English Historical Linguistics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

“Toward a constructional framework for research on language chan”. Cognitive Linguistic Studies.

(Laurel Brinton and Elizabeth Closs Traugott) “Non-syntactic triggers of syntactic change”. In Adam Ledgeway and Ian R. Roberts, eds., The Cambridge Handbook of Historical Syntax (CHHS). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

(Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Graeme Trousdale) “Lexical constructionalization”. Journal of Historical Linguistics.

Powerpoint Presentations

Powerpoints for three talks on constructionalization given at the University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain, Oct 16th-18th 2012.

Powerpoint presentation on pragmatic markers at right periphery of the clause, Lund University, Sweden, Sept. 2013.