10th IWSHM 2015: Keynote Presentations


  • Developing Structural Health Monitoring Technologies at Airbus Group

    Jean Botti

    CTO
    Airbus Group

  • Today, SHM systems are well proven as tools to monitor structural and in-flight certification tests, and the first applications for monitoring structures in service are now flying on commercial and military aircraft and helicopters. In the Airbus Group, limited-area monitoring close to sensors has moved away from R&D and is now ready for qualification for specific aircraft applications. In his keynote presentation, Dr. Botti will first provide an overview of the company’s R&T strategy in material and structural science, before giving some insights into the vision on SHM developments in the Airbus Group. He will outline the company’s roadmap and give examples of SHM applications and address the need for standardization in the process for qualification and implementation in specific aircraft applications. Dr. Botti will also speak about the Airbus Group’s Innovation-to-Business Center in the Silicon Valley and the Big Data aspect of the digitalization initiative within the Airbus Group.



  • "Challenges Facing the Reliable Performance of Autonomous Passenger Car and Truck, Sensors and Systems"

    James Buczkowski

    Henry Ford Technical Fellow and Director
    Electrical and Electronics Systems, Research and Innovation
    Ford Motor Company

  • The recent headlines have been filled with the near term promise for autonomous vehicles. Much progress has been made to develop the sensor set, data, computing power, control algorithms and mechatronics that are required to deliver a level 4 or level 5 (SAE) autonomous solution. Assuring that each part of the system is ready to support safe and secure autonomous activity will be critical for a satisfying user experience. This keynote will discuss the impact to the design along with proposing the level of system reliability required to satisfy today’s consumer.



  • "Structural Health Management: A Rotorcraft OEM Perspective"

    Mark Davis

    Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation

  • Health and Usage Monitoring Systems (HUMS) have been fielded in the rotorcraft industry for over twenty years. HUMS maturation and lessons learned from widespread deployment over the last ten years have led to significant benefits during the industry’s journey to transform to a Condition-Based Maintenance (CBM) paradigm with the objective to reduce maintenance burden while ensuring aircraft structural integrity. Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) technologies have proven capable in R&D tests of detecting and isolating cracks within complex airframe structures with sufficient accuracy for practical fleet applications; however, transition remains allusive similar to HUMS in the early days. The subject paper will provide highlights from Sikorsky’s SHM journey and a perspective on leveraging HUMS lessons to achieve transition.



  • "Structural Health Monitoring and Its Role in Affordability"

    Naveed Hussain

    Vice President
    Aeromechanics Technology
    Boeing Research & Technology

  • Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) is a fundamental element of structural airworthiness management, which is a significant airframe life cycle cost (LCC) driver.  Advances in SHM technologies can reduce LCCs by improving early detection of flaws when they are more easily repairable, reducing inspection times, helping to expedite repair planning via remote diagnosis, greater understanding of as-experienced loads and environments and potentially enabling higher performing structural designs.  This presentation will give an overview of potential benefits of SHM technology for both commercial and military applications, explain the necessity for well defined system-level requirements, and outline the important elements of assessing LCC affordability and how SHM technology can affect it.



  • "Fatigue-Free Platforms: Vision for Next-Generation Aircraft"

    Dy D. Le

    U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (RDECOM)
    Army Research Laboratory (ARL)

  • The goal for the Army Aviation Platform Sustainment is “zero-maintenance”. Scientists and engineers from the U.S. Army are exploring the underpinning science and technology (S&T), which can be used to achieve this vision. Researchers from the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and Aviation and Missile Research, Development and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) have developed a holistic system approach, “Virtual Risk-informed Aviation Maneuver Sustainment” (VRAMS), which integrates a wide range of futuristic technologies to provide autonomous state awareness at the material level and ensure acceptable stress levels to sustain “fatigue-free” structural components without maintenance during the Maintenance-Free Operating Periods. This talk will highlight the Army Aviation Sustainment S&T and VRAMS vision including planned demonstration and transition path for Army next-generation aircraft as well as examples of recent technological breakthroughs.



  • "Challenges with Adopting New Material and Process Technologies"

    Siu “Dick” Cheng

    DARPA

  • It has become increasingly more difficult to utilize new material, processing, and manufacturing technologies, such as structural health monitoring, on DoD platforms. There are numerous reasons for this but the impact on performance, cost, and schedule is clear. DARPA has a portfolio of programs that are seeking to address development speed and confidence issues that are hindering the process. This is being accomplished through the development of frameworks that utilize Integrated Computational Process Engineering (ICME), probabilistic process modeling, and material informatics that focus the community on speed to adoption.



  • "SHM-enriched High Speed Rail Systems"

    Yi-Qing Ni

    Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
    Director, Research Center for Advanced Sensing and Monitoring Technology
    Hong Kong Polytechnic University

  • To keep safe and efficient operations of high speed rail (HSR), a great endeavor is being devoted to creating smarter railways by integrating sensors, information technology, data analysis and predictive modelling tools, aiming at online evaluation of the HSR operational condition and prognosis of breakdown before it occurs. In addition to the on-board instrumentation for rail assets including tracks, trains and pantographs, the sensory system involves monitoring external actions (aerodynamic and earthquake) and detecting obstacles as well. The analytic and predictive modelling tools would be able to tackle the highly heterogeneous data, uncertainties associated with changing operation and interface status, false positives resulting from sensor fault, as well as evolutionary updating and self-adapting of data-driven prognostic models in real time or near real time. Such a smart rail technology is anticipated to empower rail operators to sense and respond quickly to irregular operations and to act appropriately once a breakdown is forecasted.



  • "Structural Health and Strain Monitoring Sensing Through Fourier-Based Wave Transducers"

    Massimo Ruzzene

    School of Aerospace Engineering
    Georgia Institute of Technology

  • The seminar reports on the design of a novel class of transducers for structural health monitoring and strain sensing designed using a Fourier-based approach. The design procedure formulates the problem considering an arbitrarily shaped distribution of the sensing surface. Interrogation of the sensors is based on the generation of guided and surface acoustic waves generated in the region surrounding the transducers. The representation of the distribution of the sensing material is analyzed and designed in the spatial Fourier domain, where the emission characteristics of the transducer in relation to the interrogating wave can be tailored to a specific application. For structural health monitoring, the sensing material distribution is defined to provide the transducers with frequency-dependent directional properties, which can be employed as part of an interrogation scheme based on generation and processing of guided waves in the structure. For strain sensing, one-dimensional and two-dimensional grating configurations monitor frequency shifts of radiation associated to local straining of the gratings. These frequency shifts can be related to the local strain components, so that a rosette-like configuration can be implemented. The talk illustrates the commonalities of the design procedure, which leads to novel Lamb wave and strain transducers, and suggests the potential integration of the two sensing modalities as a single device for health and usage monitoring of structural components.



  • "Applications of Structural Health Monitoring Technology"

    Chee Kiong Soh

    School of Civil and Environmental Engineering
    Nanyang Technological University

  • Asia is the largest and most populous continent in the world with about 45 million square kilometers of land mass and 4.5 billion people. It has 49 countries, including some of the rich like Japan, poor like Afghanistan and densely populated like Singapore. Structural health monitoring (SHM) is a non-issue for the poor where basic amenities of survival are more important, but crucial for the rich and densely populated where any infra-structural failure could be devastating to their society and economy. SHM of mechanical and aerospace structures is mostly similar world-wide, but of civil infrastructures could varies due to socio-economical, cultural, geographical and governmental reasons across countries and even across provinces within the same country. This article introduces some of the better known SHM studies of key civil infrastructures in some of the Asian countries. In addition, the authors’ research and applications of SHM technology carried out at the Nanyang Technological University (NTU) for civil infrastructures in Singapore is presented. At the end, we also discussed our recent work on energy harvesting using piezo electrics as an alternative to wired SHM for automated and self-powered SHM.