bse and vcjd
new findings
pathogen cards
pathogen cards

Student Web Pages

Monique Anderson, Humans and Viruses 2004,

Cindy Lin, Humans and Viruses 2002,

Erica Chung and Carmen Holmes, Humans and Viruses 2000,

John Mumm, Humans and Viruses 1999,

Other Informative Links

CDC Homepage on Prion Diseases,

WHO manual for surveillance of human TSE, 2003,

USFDA Bad Bug Book - Prions and TSE,

NOVA Online - The Brain Eater,

Additional References

Prion Diseases. World Health Organization.

Fields Virology, pg. 3064-3075

Schwartz, Maxime. How the Cows Turned Mad. University of California Press. 2003.

Rhodes, Richard. Deadly Feasts. Simon & Schuster: New York. 1997.

Castilla, Joaquin; et al. In Vitro Generation of Scrapie Prions. Cell, Vol. 121, 195-206, April, 22, 2005.

Mad Cow Disease. The Environmental Literacy Council.

Beisel, Christopher E. and Morens, David M. Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease and the Acquired and Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland. Clinical Infectious Diseases 38:697–704; 2004.

Spencer, Charlotte A. Mad Cows and Cannibals – A Guide to the Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies. Prentice Hall’s Exploring Biology Series, 2004.

Mead, et al. Balancing Selection at the Prion Protein Gene Consistent with Prehistoric Kuru-like Epidemics. Science 300:640-643; April 2003.

Smith and Bradley. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and its epidemiology. Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK. British Medical Bulletin 66: 185–198; 2003.