int DB->get(DB *db, DB_TXN *txnid, DBT *key, DBT *data, u_int32_t flags); int DB->pget(DB *db, DB_TXN *txnid, DBT *key, DBT *pkey, DBT *data, u_int32_t flags);
The DB->get method retrieves key/data pairs from the database. The address and length of the data associated with the specified key are returned in the structure to which data refers.
In the presence of duplicate key values, DB->get will return the first data item for the designated key. Duplicates are sorted by insert order, except where this order has been overridden by cursor operations. Retrieval of duplicates requires the use of cursor operations. See DBcursor->c_get for details.
When called on a database that has been made into a secondary index using the DB->associate method, the DB->get and DB->pget methods return the key from the secondary index and the data item from the primary database. In addition, the DB->pget method returns the key from the primary database. In databases that are not secondary indices, the DB->pget interface will always fail and return EINVAL.
If the operation is to be transaction-protected, the txnid parameter is a transaction handle returned from DB_ENV->txn_begin; otherwise, NULL.
The flags value must be set to 0 or one of the following values:
When used with the DB->pget version of this interface on a secondary index handle, return the secondary key/primary key/data tuple only if both the primary and secondary keys match the arguments. It is an error to use the DB_GET_BOTH flag with the DB->get version of this interface and a secondary index handle.
The data field of the specified key must be a pointer to a logical record number (that is, a db_recno_t). This record number determines the record to be retrieved.
For DB_SET_RECNO to be specified, the underlying database must be of type Btree, and it must have been created with the DB_RECNUM flag.
In addition, the following flags may be set by bitwise inclusively OR'ing them into the flags parameter:
The DB_MULTIPLE flag may only be used alone, or with the DB_GET_BOTH and DB_SET_RECNO options. The DB_MULTIPLE flag may not be used when accessing databases made into secondary indices using the DB->associate method.
See DB_MULTIPLE_INIT for more information.
Because the DB->get interface will not hold locks across Berkeley DB interface calls in non-transactional environments, the DB_RMW flag to the DB->get call is meaningful only in the presence of transactions.
If the specified key is not in the database, the DB->get method will return DB_NOTFOUND. If the database is a Queue or Recno database and the specified key exists, but was never explicitly created by the application or was later deleted, the DB->get method will return DB_KEYEMPTY. Otherwise, the DB->get method returns a non-zero error value on failure and 0 on success.
The DB->get method may fail and return a non-zero error for the following conditions:
A record number of 0 was specified.
The DB_THREAD flag was specified to the DB->open method and none of the DB_DBT_MALLOC, DB_DBT_REALLOC or DB_DBT_USERMEM flags were set in the DBT.
The DB->pget interface was called with a DB handle that does not refer to a secondary index.
The DB->get method may fail and return a non-zero error for errors specified for other Berkeley DB and C library or system functions. If a catastrophic error has occurred, the DB->get method may fail and return DB_RUNRECOVERY, in which case all subsequent Berkeley DB calls will fail in the same way.
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