The following timeline presents some historical and contextual background on the Arboretum Chinese Labor Quarters.
James W. Marshall found gold at Sutter’s Mill on January 24th. This triggered the California Gold Rush of 1849. For at least the next five years, immigrants from the eastern United States and from around the world, including China, came to capitalize on gold strikes and services provided to gold miners.
Leland Stanford temporarily moved to California.
Leland Stanford opened a store in Cold Springs, California.
Leland Stanford and his wife, Jane, moved back to California, with the intent to stay.
Central Pacific Railroad was incorporated. Leland Stanford was one of the “Big Four,” or “the Associates” as they called themselves.
Construction began on the First Transcontinental Railroad. Between 10,000 and 12,000 Chinese workers were employed on the Railroad at any given time.
First Transcontinental Railroad completed at Promontory Summit on May 10th.
Leland Stanford purchased Mayfield Grange, the first land purchase in what would become the Palo Alto Stock Farm.
The planting of the Arboretum began.
The Arizona Garden was planted.
Arboretum Chinese Labor Quarters first occupied. The residence was located in the Arboretum, near the vineyard.
The planning of the Arboretum continued, with 12,000 trees planted.
Leland Stanford Jr. died on March 13th.
Construction of Stanford University began.
The Mausoleum was constructed.
Thomas Douglas, the first University gardener, was hired. Douglas worked closely with Chinese gardeners.
First University landscaping took place in the Inner Quadrangle.
Stanford University opened to students.
Leland Stanford Sr. died on June 21st.
Jane Stanford died on February 28th.
End of occupation at the Arboretum Chinese Labor Quarters.