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Reoviridae (respiratory enteric orphan viridae) is a family of naked double-stranded RNA viruses.
Depending on the specific species, reoviruses have 10, 11, or 12 genomic segments contained
in two or three concentric icosahedral capsids. The nine genera of reoviridae infect a wide range of hosts including
vertabrates, invertabrates, and plants. Four of these nine genera have viruses that infect humans.
Human rotavirus and Colorado tick fever virus are the most well-known human reoviruses. Despite reoviridae's name, many reoviruses are not
ophan viruses and do, indeed, cause disease. Human rotavirus, for example, is responsible for over 800,000 deaths of children under 2
years old each year. A more complete background of Reoviridae is available at the 1998 page and the 1999 page.
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2. Veterinary Sciences Division. 2004. http://www.qub.ac.uk/afs/ vs/vsd6e.html
3. Sgro, Jean-yves. 2004. http://rhino.bocklabs.wisc.edu/virusworld/images/rep_virion.GIF
4. Steffens, W.L. 1998. http://www.vet.uga.edu/ivcvm/1998/steffens/fig16.jpg
5. Creekmore, Terry. 2002. http://wdhfs.state.wy.us/vector_borne/_borders/Image155.gif
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Kapikian, A. Z., Y. Hoshino, and R. M. Chanock. 2001. Rotavirus, p. 1787-1833. In D. M. Knipe et al. (ed.), Fields virology, 4th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pa.
Siegel, Robert. Humans and Viruses class notes. Feb. 12, 2004.
Wagner, Edward, and Martinez Hewlett. Basic Virology. Malden: Blackwell Science Ltd, 2004.top