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Professor Hoxby’s RePeC Page (includes links to selected papers)

Professor Hoxby's SIEPR Page

NBER Economics of Education Program

Professor Hoxby's Google Scholar Page (links to selected papers)

Professor Hoxby's Linkedin Profile (includes links to selected papers)



Selected Papers (most recent to least recent)


Hoxby, Caroline and George Bulman, "The Returns to the Federal Tax Credits for Higher Education," Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 29, forthcoming.



Hoxby, Caroline and Sarah Turner, "What High-Achieving Low-Income Students Know About College," The American Economic Review (P&P), forthcoming May 2015.



Hoxby, Caroline and Jeffrey Brown, editors.  How the Financial Crisis and Great Recession Affected Higher Education.  Chicago:  University of Chicago Press, December 2014 (e-book) and January 2015 (print).



Dinerstein, Michael, Caroline Hoxby, Jonathan Meer, and Pablo Villaneuva,"Did the Fiscal Stimulus Work for Universities? How the Financial Crisis and Great Recession Affected Higher Education.  Chicago:  University of Chicago Press, 2014.


Hoxby, Caroline, "Endowment Management Based on a Positive Model of the University," How the Financial Crisis and Great Recession Affected Higher Education.  Chicago:  University of Chicago Press, 2014.



Hoxby, Caroline.  "The Economics of Online Postsecondary Education: MOOCs, Nonselective Education, and Highly Selective Education," American Economic Review (P&P), May 2014.



Hoxby, Caroline and Christopher Avery, "The Missing "One-Offs": The Hidden Supply of High-Achieving, Low-Income Students," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2014.



Hoxby, Caroline, "Covering the Costs," in What Lies Ahead for America's Children and Their Schools, eds. Chester Finn and Richard Sousa, 2014.


See also an abbreviated version in Defining Ideas, March 2014.



Hoxby, Caroline, "Rewarding and Employing Teachers Based on Their Value-Added" Education Next, 2014.



Avery, Christopher, Mark Glickman, Caroline Hoxby, and Andrew Metrick, "A Revealed

Preference Ranking of American Colleges and Universities," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2013.



Hoxby, Caroline and Sarah Turner, "Expanding College Opportunities for

High-Achieving, Low Income Students," SIEPR Discussion Paper No. 12-014, 2013.



Hoxby, Caroline and Sarah Turner, "Informing Students about Their College Options:

A Proposal for Broadening the Expanding College Opportunities Project," The Hamilton Project Discussion Paper 2013-03, June 2013.



Hoxby, Caroline, and Marika Cabral, "The Hated Property Tax: Salience, Tax Rates, and Tax Revolts," NBER Working Paper 18514, 2013.



Hoxby, Caroline and Sarah Turner, "Expanding College Opportunities," Education Next, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2013.



Hoxby, Caroline and members of the Hoover-Koret Task Force on Education, Choice and Federalism: Defining the Federal Role in Education, Stanford:  Hoover Institution Press, 2012.



Aghion, Philippe, Matthias Dewatripont, Caroline Hoxby, Andreu Mas-Colell, and Andre Sapir, "The Governance and Performance of Research Universities: Evidence from Europe and the U.S.,"  Economic Policy, 2010.



Hoxby, Caroline, "The Changing Selectivity of American Colleges," Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2009.



Aghion, Philippe, Matthias Dewatripont, Caroline Hoxby, Andreu Mas-Colell, and Andre Sapir, "Why Reform Europe's Universities?" Bruegel Policy Brief, September 2007.



Hoxby, Caroline, Jenny Kang, and Sonali Murarka.  How New York City Schools Affect Achievement.  Policy report and technical report.  Cambridge:  NBER, 2009.



Hoxby, Caroline and Sonali Murarka, "Methods of Assessing the Achievement of Students in Charter Schools," Charter Schools Outcomes.   Mahwah, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2008.



Aghion, Philippe, Leah Platt Boustan, Caroline M. Hoxby, and Jerome Vandenbussche, "Exploiting States' Mistakes to Identify the Causal Impact of Education on Growth," NBER Conference Paper, 2006.



Hoxby, Caroline and Sonali Murarka, "A Tapestry of Choice Programs," in ed. Paul Peterson, Reforming Education in Florida. Stanford:  Hoover Institution Press, 2006.



Hoxby, Caroline, "The Supply of Charter Schools," in ed. Paul Hill, Charter Schools Against the Odds.  Stanford:  Hoover Institution Press, 2006.

research.policyarchive.org/12295.pdf or



Avery, Christopher, Caroline M. Hoxby, Clement Jackson, Kaitlin Burek, Glenn Pope, and Mridula Raman, "Cost Should Be No Barrier: An Evaluation of the First Year of Harvard's Financial Aid Initiative," NBER Working Paper 12029, 2006.



Hoxby, Caroline and Gretchen Weingarth Salyer, "School Reassignment and the Structure of Peer Effects," NBER Conference Paper, 2005.



Hoxby, Caroline, "Adequate Yearly Progress Refining the Heart of the No Child Left Behind Act," in ed. John E. Chubb, Within Our Reach: How America Can Educate Every Child.  Lanham, MD:  Rowman and Littlefield, 2005.



Hoxby, Caroline, "Inadequate Yearly Progress: Unlocking the Secrets of NCLB," in Education Next, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2005.



Hoxby, Caroline M., and Andrew Leigh, "Pulled Away or Pushed Out?  Explaining the Decline of Teacher Aptitude in the United States," American Economic Review P&P, 93.2, 2004.



Alesina, Alberto, Reza Baqir, and Caroline M. Hoxby, “Political Jurisdictions in Heterogeneous Communities,” Journal of Political Economy, 112.2, 2004.



Hoxby, Caroline M.  School Choice and School Competition:  Evidence from the United States,” Swedish Economic Policy Review, 10.2, 2004.



Hoxby, Caroline M., ed., College Choices: The Economics of Where to Go, When to Go, and How to Pay for It, Chicago:  University of Chicago Press, spring 2004.



Avery, Christopher, and Caroline M. Hoxby, "Do and Should Financial Aid Decisions Affect Students' College Choices?" in Caroline Hoxby, ed.  College Choices:  The New Economics of Choosing, Attending, and Completing College.  University of Chicago Press, 2004.



Hoxby, Caroline.  "Productivity in Education: The Quintessential Upstream Industry," Southern Economic Journal, Vol. 71, No. 2, 2004.



Hoxby, Caroline, and Ilyana Kuziemko, "Robin Hood and His Not So Merry Plan," NBER Working Paper 10722, 2004.



Hoxby, Caroline. "Achievement in Charter Schools and Regular Public Schools in the United

States: Understanding the Differences," Harvard, NBER and Vanderbilt report, 2004.



Hoxby, Caroline, and Jonah Rockoff. "The Impact of Charter Schools on Student Achievement,"

NBER Conference Paper, 2004.



Hoxby, Caroline.  Reforming Education in Texas.  Hoover Institution Press, 2004.



Hoxby, Caroline. "A Straightforward Comparison of Charter Schools and Regular Public

Schools in the United States," HIER paper, 2004.



Hoxby, Caroline M., ed.  The Economics of School Choice, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.



Hoxby, Caroline M. "A Nation at Risk, Then and Now: What has Changed and What has Not," in P. Peterson, ed. Our Schools and Our Future.  Stanford:  Hoover Institution Press, 2003.



Hoxby, Caroline M.  "School Choice and School Productivity  (Or, Could School Choice be a Rising Tide that Lifts All Boats?," in C. Hoxby, ed.  The Economics of School Choice, Chicago:  University of Chicago Press, 2003.



Hoxby, Caroline M.  The Power of Peers:  How Does the Makeup of a Classroom Influence Achievement,” Education Next, 2.2, 2003.



Hoxby, Caroline M., “Would School Choice Change the Teaching Profession?Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 38, No. 4, 2002.



Hoxby, Caroline M., “The Cost of Accountability,” in Williams Evers and Herbert Walberg, eds., School Accountability.  Stanford:  Hoover Press, 2002.



Hoxby, Caroline M., “How School Choice Affects the Achievement of Public School Students,” in Paul Hill, ed., Choice with Equity.  Stanford:  Hoover Press, 2002, pp. 141-178.



Hoxby, Caroline M., "All School Finance Equalizations Are Not Created Equal," Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 116, No. 4, 2001.



Hoxby, Caroline M., "If Families Matter Most, Where Do Schools Come In?" in T. Moe, ed. A Primer on American Schools.  Stanford:  Hoover Institution Press, 2001.



Hoxby, Caroline M., "Where Should Federal Education Initiatives Be Directed?  K-12 Education Versus Higher Education," in M. Kosters, ed. Financing College Tuition.  Washington, DC:  AEI Press, 2001.



Hoxby, Caroline M.  Rising Tide:  New Evidence on Competition and the Public Schools,”  Education Next, 1.4, 2001.



Hoxby, Caroline M.  "Changing the Profession:  How Choice Would Affect Teachers," Education Next, 1.1, 2001.



Hoxby, Caroline M., "Does Competition Among Public Schools Benefit Students and Taxpayers?" American Economic Review, 90.5, 2000.



Hoxby, Caroline M., "The Effects of Class Size on Student Achievement:  New Evidence from Population Variation," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 115.4, 2000.



Hoxby, Caroline M., "The Productivity of Schools and Other Local Public Goods Producers,” Journal of Public Economics, 74.1, 1999.



Hoxby, Caroline M., "The Effects of School Choice on Curriculum and Atmosphere," in Susan Mayer and Paul Peterson, eds.,  Earning and Learning:  How Schools Matter.  Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press,1999.



Hoxby, Caroline M., "How Much Does School Spending Depend on Family Income?  The Historical Origins of the Current School Finance Dilemma,"  American Economic Review,  88.2, 1998.



Hoxby, Caroline M., "Tax Incentives for Higher Education" in J. Poterba, ed., Tax Policy and the Economy.  Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1998.



Hoxby, Caroline M., "Analyzing School Choice Reforms Using America’s Traditional Forms of School Choice," in Bryan Hassel and Paul Peterson, eds.,  Learning from School Choice.  Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press,1998. (Republished in Can the Market Save Our Schools? ed. Claudia Hepburn, Vancouver: Fraser, 2001.)



Hoxby, Caroline M., “What Do America’s `Traditional’ Forms of School Choice Teach Us About School Choice Reforms?Economic Policy Review, 4.1, 1998.



Hoxby, Caroline M., "How Teachers' Unions Affect Education Production," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 111.3, 1996.



Hoxby, Caroline M., "Are Efficiency and Equity in School Finance Substitutes or Complements?" Journal of Economic Perspectives, 10.4, 1996.



Hoxby, Caroline M., "Evidence on Private School Vouchers:  Effects on Schools and Students," in Helen Ladd, ed.  Holding Schools Accountable: Performance-Based Approaches to School Reform.  Washington, D.C.:  Brookings Institution, 1996.