How best to teach the youth of America?
The ever-present question of how to develop strong readers, writers, mathematicians,
and thinkers still looms over the American educational system. In hopes
of finding an answer to this question, the educational system has been experimenting
with a variety of reforms, one of which is Standards-Based Education.
Academic standards identify specific skills and
levels of competency that all students must possess in order to move through
the educational system. It is suggested that through maintaining high
academic expectations, which are assessed through formal tests, students will
perform at higher levels. In addition, having set standards will encourage
schools, teachers, and students to become more responsible for the learning
and achievement of the students.
The following are links that provide general
information about standards-based reform:
Reform: What is Missing?
- Cloud-Cuttweiler and McEvoy give an
interesting discussion on the process of “bringing the standards to life.”
In the site they go betyond the rationale for standards and instead reflect
on the practical necessities of making the standards work. Specifically,
the focus is on professional development for teachers and student academic
Issues in Education
The site includes a general description
of issues facing nationwide education. Specifically, Standards-Based Education
is discussed. The site includes information on what Standards-Based
Education is and how it was developed.
Strategies for Teaching Students
- This site lists and describes a number
of different national efforts towards reform. Examples of such reforms
are: Coalition of Essential Schools, Accelerated Schools, Co-NECT schools,
and the Efficacy Institute.
Matter 1999: Executive Summary
- "Making Standards Matter"
is an annual report by the American Federation of Teachers that analyzes the
quality of the academic standards in the 50 states, the District of Columbia,
and Puerto Rico, and monitors the extent to which those standards are driving
educational reform. In this edition of "Making Standards Matter,"
they provide commentary on each state's standards, highlighting areas of strength
and pinpointing weaknesses that must be addressed to improve the standards.
They also report on states' activities and intentions to assess whether students
are meeting the standards, whether states are providing extra academic help
to students who are having difficulty meeting the standards, and whether states
are attaching meaningful consequences to the standards so that students and
others take them seriously.
Research on the
Inclusion of Students with Disabilities and Limited English Proficient Students
in Large-Scale Assessment
This web site provides a searchable
database of abstracts collected on current and recent research and policies
concerning the inclusion of limited English proficient (LEP) students and
students with disabilities (SD) in large-scale assessment.
National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing
- Funded by the U.S. Department of Education
and the Office of Educational Research and Improvement, the National Center
for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing (CRESST) conducts
research on important topics related to K-12 educational testing. This
web site has numerous links and a searchable database of important issues
related to school reform.
© 2000, Education 388A, Stanford University