100% Wind, Water, and Solar (WWS) All-Sector Energy Roadmaps and Grid Studies for 145 Countries

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Low-Cost Solutions to Global Warming, Air Pollution, and Energy Insecurity for 145 countries

Paper+Supplemental Information, 2022 (NOT YET AVAILABLE) (pdf)
Infographic summaries from this study (All-145-Countries) (Albania) (Algeria) (Angola) (Argentina) (Armenia) (Australia) (Austria) (Azerbaijan) (Bahrain) (Bangladesh) (Belarus) (Belgium) (Benin) (Bolivia) (Bosnia-Herz) (Botswana) (Brazil) (Brunei) (Bulgaria) (Cambodia) (Cameroon) (Canada) (Chile) (China) (Colombia) (Congo) (CongoDR) (Costa Rica) (Cote d'Ivoire) (Croatia) (Cuba) (Curacao) (Cyprus) (Czech Republic) (Denmark) (Dominican Rep) (Ecuador) (Egypt) (El Salvador) (Equatorial Guinea ) (Eritrea) (Estonia) (Ethiopia) (Finland) (France) (Gabon) (Georgia) (Germany) (Ghana) (Gibraltar) (Greece) (Guatemala) (Haiti) (Honduras) (Hong Kong) (Hungary) (Iceland) (India) (Indonesia) (Iran) (Iraq) (Ireland) (Israel) (Italy) (Jamaica) (Japan) (Jordan) (Kazakhstan) (Kenya) (Kosovo) (Kuwait) (Kyrgyz Rep) (LaoPDR) (Latvia) (Lebanon) (Libya) (Lithuania) (Luxembourg) (Macedonia) (Malaysia) (Malta) (Mauritius) (Mexico) (Moldova) (Mongolia) (Montenegro) (Morocco) (Mozambique) (Myanmar) (Namibia) (Nepal) (Netherlands) (New Zealand) (Nicaragua) (Niger) (Nigeria) (North Korea) (Norway) (Oman) (Pakistan) (Panama) (Paraguay) (Peru) (Philippines) (Poland) (Portugal) (Qatar) (Romania) (Russia) (Saudi Arabia) (Senegal) (Serbia) (Singapore) (Slovakia) (Slovenia) (South Korea) (South Africa) (South Sudan) (Spain) (Sri Lanka) (Sudan) (Suriname) (Sweden) (Switzerland) (Syria) (Taiwan) (Tajikistan) (Tanzania) (Thailand) (Togo) (Trinidad-Tobago) (Tunisia) (Turkey) (Turkmenistan) (UAE) (Ukraine) (United Kingdom) (United States) (Uruguay) (Uzbekistan) (Venezuela) (Vietnam) (Yemen) (Zambia) (Zimbabwe)

Interactive map with these infographics (link)
145-country xlsx-spreadsheets (xlsx)
Diagram of WWS Generators, Storage, and Equipment 100% WWS (pdf)
Timeline to transition 145 countries to 100% WWS (pdf)
New land area needed to transition 145 countries to 100% WWS (pdf)
Change in CO2 upon implementing WWS (pdf)

Book: 100% Clean, Renewable Energy and Storage for Everything (link)

Previous 143-Country and 139-Country 100% WWS Studies (link)

Previous 50-U.S.-State 100% WWS Studies (link)

Previous Town and City 100% WWS Studies (link)

Previous 100% WWS studies for the world as a whole (link)

Original 2008 paper justifying the use of 100% Wind, Water, and Sunlight (WWS) (link)

More grid integration studies showing 100% reliability of 100% WWS in the U.S. and Worldwide (link)

Abstract of and links to 100% WWS roadmap and grid reliability papers (pdf)

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