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Bulletin Archive

This archived information is dated to the 2011-12 academic year only and may no longer be current.

For currently applicable policies and information, see the current Stanford Bulletin.

Minor in Geological and Environmental Sciences

The minor in GES consists of a small set of required courses plus 12 elective units. A wide variety of courses may be used to satisfy these elective requirements. All courses must be taken for a letter grade.


GES 1A, 1B, or 1C. Introduction to Geology


GES 4. Evolution and Extinction: Introduction to Historical Geology


GES 102. Earth Materials: Introduction to Mineralogy


GES 104. Earth Materials: Introduction to Petrology



Students must take a minimum of 12 additional units drawn primarily from the Breadth in the Discipline list in the GES major; a majority of units must be from classes within the GES department. Up to 3 units of Stanford Introductory Seminars in GES may be counted.

Students pursuing a minor in GES are encouraged to participate in the senior seminar (GES 150) and in field research (GES 105).

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