100% Wind, Water, and Solar (WWS) All-Sector Energy Roadmaps for Countries, States, Cities, and Towns

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Roadmaps to convert 139 countries of the world to 100% Wind, Water, and Sunlight (WWS) for all purposes

Paper+Supplementary Info: Joule, 2017 (pdf)
Link to article in Joule (link)
139-country xlsx-spreadsheets (xlsx)
Country-by-country infographics (link)
139-Country Summary Infographic (pdf)
General summary 139-country roadmaps, Earth's Future, 2017 (pdf)
Layman's summary 139-country & 50-state roadmaps Oct. 31, 2016 (pdf)
Electrification Technologies to obtain 100% WWS (pdf)
Transition timeline to 100% WWS (png)
Change of CO2 Upon Implementing WWS (pdf)
More detailed roadmap for Israel by Liat Chobadi (M.S. Thesis, March 2017) (pdf)
Reply to Commentary, Electricity Journal, 2018 (pdf)

Presentation slides from June 2, 2019, Transitioning the world's energy for all purposes to stable energy powered by 100% wind, water, and sunlight, (pptx)
Graphical video 139-country roadmaps 2017 (video)
Video on reducing power demand with electrification 2017 (video)
NOAA video explaining 139-country roadmaps Aug. 7, 2017 (video)
NPR Science Friday 139 Country Roadmaps Aug. 26, 2017 (link)
Interview on Simulation Series: Path to a 100% Renewable World July 10, 2018 (video)
NHK Interview: 100% renewable energy for the world March 8, 2018 (mp4)
Climate Reality video: Transitioning countries, states, cities, towns, and homes to 100% clean, renewable energy for all purposes Feb. 25, 2018 (video)
Video Paris Petit Palais-Summary 139 country roadmaps Dec. 7, 2015 (video)
Interview on Late Show With David Letterman Oct. 9, 2013 (video)

Percent of needed 2050 WWS installed by country as of 2018 end (pdf); 2015 end (pdf)
Wind installed by country as of 2018 end (pdf); 2015 end (pdf)
PV installed by country as of 2018 end (pdf); 2015 end (pdf)
CSP installed by country as of 2018 end (pdf); 2015 end (pdf)
Hydro installed by country as of 2018 end (pdf); 2015 end (pdf)
Geothermal installed by country as of 2018 end (pdf); 2015 end (pdf)
Tidal installed by country as of 2018 end (pdf); 2015 end (pdf)
Pumped hydro storage installed by country as of 2018 end (pdf); 2015 end (pdf)
Solar thermal for heat installed by country as of 2018 end (pdf)

Updated timeline and land area to transition 143 countries to 100% WWS and 5 reasons demand decreases 57.1% along the way (pdf)
Diagram of the components of WWS generation, storage, and use (pdf)
Why 100% WWS and the Green New Deal cuts consumer costs and unemployment (MSNBC Interview)(Op-Ed)(Graphic)
How to eliminate all non-energy emissions in a 100% WWS World (pdf)
Countries, states, districts, counties, cities, towns, and businesses that have reached or committed to 100% renewables in one or more energy sector (pdf)
How clean, renewable wind-water-solar (WWS) energy reduces four types of energy insecurities that fossil fuels, with or without carbon capture, and nuclear create (pdf)
How reducing transmission and distribution losses 1% can reduce fossil use 1.6 to 5.4% (pdf)
Maximum extractable wind power on Earth is 58 times that needed for our 2050 roadmaps (pdf)
Air pollution from fossil fuels, biofuels, bioenergy, and biomass burning is 2nd leading cause of death; a 100% WWS world will eliminate most deaths (pdf)

Roadmaps to convert the 50 United States to 100% WWS for all purposes

Summary paper: Energy and Environmental Sciences 2015 (pdf)
50-state xlsx-spreadsheets (xlsx)
State-by-state infographics (link)
National Geographic article/graphics (link)
Powerpoint-WWS-map (pptx)
Frequently-asked questions (link)
Op-ed about land areas (link)

Roadmaps to convert 53 Towns and Cities to 100% WWS for all purposes

Summary paper: Sustainable Cities and Society, 2018 (pdf)
Spreadsheets (xlsx)
City-by-city infographics (link)
Summary for general audiences (link)

Grid integration studies showing 100% reliability of a 100% WWS in the U.S. and Worldwide

Matching demand with supply at low cost in 139 countries among 20 world regions with 100% intermittent wind, water, and sunlight for all purposes (2018) (link)
A low-cost solution to the grid reliability problem with 100% penetration of intermittent wind, water, and solar for all purposes (PNAS, 2015) (link)

Roadmaps to convert New York, California, Washington State individually to 100% WWS

New York State (Energy Policy, 2013) (pdf). Response to commentary (pdf). Letter (pdf)
California (Energy, 2014) (pdf)(xlsx-spreadsheets)(news summary)
Washington State (Renewable Energy, 2016) (pdf)(xlsx-spreadsheets)

Roadmaps for the world and U.S. as a whole to go to 100% WWS (link)

Original justification for using 100% Wind, Water, Sunlight (WWS) (link)

Abstract of and links to all 100% WWS roadmap and grid reliability papers (pdf)

The Solutions Project video (link)

Testimony to House Committee on Energy and Commerce about 50-state plans, 139-country plans, and grid integration study, November 19, 2015 (pdf)

April 9, 2019, Sustain Europe, Interview by John J. Berger (pdf)
April 25, 2015, 350, Siena Heights University, Adrian, Michigan, WWS (video)
February 24, 2014 TEDx Palo Alto WWS (video)
February 18, 2014 Interview about WWS on Thom Hartmann Show (video)

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