100% Wind, Water, and Solar (WWS) All-Sector Energy Roadmaps for Countries and States

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Roadmaps to convert 139 countries of the world to 100% Wind, Water, and Sunlight (WWS) for all purposes

(PDF of paper+Supp. Info: Joule, 2017) (Link to article in Joule) (139-country xlsx-spreadsheets) (139-Country 100% WWS Infographic) (Transition timeline to 100% WWS) (Change of CO2 Upon Implementing WWS)

Evolution, Characteristics, and Impacts of 100% WWS Roadmaps: Earth's Future, 2017

Aug. 26, 2017 NPR Science Friday Interview on 139 Country Roadmaps

Short graphical video summarizing 139-country roadmaps

Short explanation of how electfication with wind-water-solar reduces power demand so much

Aug. 7, 2017 Long video explaining 139-country roadmaps and what individuals can do

Electrification Technologies to obtain 100% WWS

Interactive map of roadmaps by country/state by The Solutions Project / 100.org

October 31, 2016 Layman's summary of 139-country and 50-state roadmaps (pdf)

March 2, 2018 MIT Energy Conference slides: Transitioning countries, states, cities, and towns to 100% clean, renewable energy for all purposes (pptx)

August 7, 2017 NOAA Climate Stewards Webinar: Transitioning States and Countries to 100% Clean, Renewable Energy for all Purposes, (video)

Sept. 26, 2016 Video U. of Michigan - Roadmaps for transitioning all 50 states and 139 countries to WWS (video)

Dec. 7, 2015 Video Paris Petit Palais - Summary of 139 country roadmaps (video)

October 9, 2013 Interview on Late Show With David Letterman (video)

Percent of needed 2050 WWS installed as of 2015 end

Wind installed as of 2015

PV installed as of 2015

CSP installed as of 2015

Hydro installed as of 2015

Geothermal installed as of 2015

Tidal installed as of 2015

Pumped hydro storage installed as of 2015

Roadmaps to convert Towns and Cities to 100% Wind, Water, and Sunlight (WWS) for all purposes

Coming soon: Summary paper (pdf) Spreadsheets (xlsx)

Roadmaps to convert the 50 United States to 100% Wind, Water, and Sunlight (WWS) for all purposes

Summary paper: Energy and Environmental Sciences 2015

State-by-state infographics from The Solutions Project / 100.org

National Geographic article and graphics on 50-state roadmaps


50-state xlsx-spreadsheets

Frequently-asked questions

Grid integration studies showing 100% reliability of a 100% WWS in the U.S. and Worldwide

Matching demand with supply at low cost in 139 countries among 20 world regions with 100% intermittent wind, water, and sunlight for all purposes (2018) (link)

A low-cost solution to the grid reliability problem with 100% penetration of intermittent wind, water, and solar for all purposes (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2015) (link)

Individual New York, California, Washington State roadmaps to go to 100% Wind, Water, and Sunlight (WWS)

100% WWS all-sector energy plan for New York State (Energy Policy, 2013) (pdf). Response to commentary (pdf). Letter (pdf)

100% WWS all-sector energy plan for California (Energy, 2014) (pdf)(xlsx-spreadsheets)(news summary)

100% WWS all-sector energy plan for Washington State (Renewable Energy, 2016) (pdf)(xlsx-spreadsheets)

100% WWS all-sector energy plans for the world and U.S. as a whole (link)

Link to papers addressing grid intermittency with WWS (link)

Justification for using 100% Wind, Water, Sunlight (WWS) (link)

The Solutions Project video (link)

Testimony to House Committee on Energy and Commerce about 50-state plans, 139-country plans, and grid integration study, November 19, 2015 (pdf)

April 25, 2015, 350, Siena Heights University, Adrian, Michigan, WWS (video)

February 24, 2014 TEDx Palo Alto WWS (video)

February 18, 2014 Interview about WWS on Thom Hartmann Show (video)

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